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Entries / Liteiny Avenue

Liteiny Avenue


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Avenues

LITEINY AVENUE [in 1918-44 - Volodarskogo Avenue, after revolutionary V. Volodarsky (1891-1918)], between Liteiny Bridge and Nevsky Prospect. In 1711, a foundry was founded at the beginning of future Liteiny Avenue; later, houses of craftsmen, quarters of Preobrazhensky Life Guard Regiment, palaces of Tsesarevitch Alexey Petrovich and Princess Natalia Alexeevna, the sister of Tsar Peter the Great, were constructed. From them to Bolshaya Pershpektivnaya Road (present-day Nevsky Prospect), a cutting was hacked through, it became was the line of future Liteiny Avenue. In 1738-39, the avenue got its modern name; since 1740, it was built up exclusively with stone constructions. The architecture of Liteiny Avenue was mainly shaped in the second half of the 19 century to the early 1930s and is remarkable for its variety of architectural styles. The transport role of Liteiny increased greatly after the opening of Liteiny Bridge in 1879. In the first half to the middle of the 19th century following buildings were constructed: Mariinskaya Hospital (Building 56, architect G. Quarenghi, 1803-05), officers' quarters of Life Guard Horse Artillery (Building 1, architect A.P. Gemilian, 1851-53); the apartment house of A.A. Kraevsky (Building 36/2, architect A.V. Petzold, 1859-60), where at different times V.F. Odoevsky, N.I. Pirogov, P.N. Yablochkov and N.N. Figner lived, and editorial offices of journals Sovremennik and Otechestvennye Zapiski were quartered (today, there is the memorial apartment of N.A. Nekrasov). Building 39 is the former House of Pashkov, later it housed Department of Lots (N.A. Nekrasov described it in his poem “Thoughts at a Vestibule”). Building 42 was the Mansion of Yusupova. In 1874-76, the house of Muruzi was erected; in 1895-98, it served as the building for Officers' Assembly (Building 20, today House of Officers). In 1911-13, New Passage (Building 57) was added to the avenue ensemble; in the 1930s, it was used as an administrative building (Building 4, see Bolshoy Dom (Big House)).

References: Исаченко В. Г., Питанин В. Н. Литейный проспект. Л., 1989; Григорьев И. А. Книжная улица // Невский библиофил. СПб., 1996. Вып. 1. С. 105-109; Микишатьев М. Н. Прогулки по Литейной части. СПб., 2003.

O. A. Chekanova.

Persons
Alexey Petrovich, Tsesarevitch
Figner Nikolay Nikolaevich
Gemilian A.P.
Kraevsky Andrey Alexandrovich
Muruzi Alexander Dmitrievich, Duke
Natalia Alexeevna, Duchess
Nekrasov Nikolay Alexeevich
Odoevsky Vladimir Fedorovich
Pashkov Ivan Vasilievich
Peter I, Emperor
Petzold (Petzolt) Avgust Vasilievich
Pirogov Nikolay Ivanovich
Quarenghi Giacomo
Volodarsky V. (Moisey Markovich Goldstein)
Yablochkov Pavel Nikolaevich

Addresses
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 39
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 20
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 57
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 56
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 42
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 36/2
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Исаченко В. Г., Питанин В. Н. Литейный проспект. Л., 1989
Григорьев И.А. Книжная улица // Невский библиофил. СПб., 1996

The subject Index
Foundry Yard
Mariinskaya Municipal Hospital
Sovremennik (Contemporary), journal
Otechestvennye Zapiski (Notes of the Fatherland), journal
Nekrasov Memorial Museum Apartment
Pashkov House (Liteiny Avenue)
Mansion of Yusupova (42 Liteiny Avenue)
Muruzi House
Officers' House
Bolshoy Dom