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Entries / Ostrovskogo Square

Ostrovskogo Square


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Squares
Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Architectural Ensembles

OSTROVSKOGO SQUARE known as Alexandrinskaya Square before 1923, between Nevsky Prospect and Zodchego Rossi Street. It was renamed after playwright A. N. Ostrovsky (1823-86). The square was designed by architect K. I. Rossi in 1816-34 on the territory of Anichkov Palace between Sadovaya Street and Fontanka River Embankment. Ostrovskogo Square, Zodchego Rossi Street, and Lomonosova Square together make up a single magnificent ensemble of Empire architecture forming a large district in the centre of St. Petersburg. Pavilions of Anichkov Palace facing the square were erected in 1810. Alexandrinsky Theatre was built in 1828-32 (hence the former name) to become the centre of the composition. The ensemble of the square includes the buildings of the Russian National Library situated at numbers 1 and 3. Among the buildings dated between the mid-to-late 19th century and the early 20th century are building 2 erected by architect A. A. Grechannikov for the Society of Moskovskaya-Vindavsko-Rybinskaya Railway in 1911-12 and now accommodating the Head Office of Oktyabrskaya Railway; house 5 - the former apartment house designed and owned by architect N. P. Basin in 1878-79; building 7 erected by architects V. A. Schreter and E. G. Yurgens for St. Petersburg City Credit Society in 1876-79; and building 9 erected by architect G. I. Winterhalter for the Russian Music Society in 1874. A park was laid out in the square in 1820-32 (see Ekaterininsky Park). A monument to Catherine II was opened in 1873. See references under K. I. Rossi.

O. A. Chekanova.

Persons
Basin Nikolay Petrovich
Catherine II, Empress
Grechannikov Alexander Alexandrovich
Ostrovsky Alexander Nikolaevich
Rossi Carl Ivanovich (Carlo Giovanni)
Schreter Viktor Alexandrovich
Winterhalter Georgy (Egor) Ivanovich
Yurgens Emmanuel Gustavovich

Addresses
Fontanka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city
Lomonosova Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city
Ostrovsky Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2
Ostrovsky Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 5
Ostrovsky Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 9
Ostrovsky Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 3
Ostrovsky Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
Ostrovsky Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 7
Ostrovsky Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Sadovaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Zodchego Rossi Street/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Тарановская М. З. Карл Росси. Л., 1978

The subject Index
Anichkov Palace
Alexandrinsky Theatre
Russian National Library
Basin House
Catherine II, Monument to