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Entries / Gegello A.I. (1891-1965), architect.

Gegello A.I. (1891-1965), architect.


Categories / Architecture/Personalia

GEGELLO Alexander Ivanovich (1891-1965), architect. Resided in St. Petersburg since 1910. Graduated from the College of Civil Engineers (1920) and from the Academy of Fine Arts, Higher School of Art and Technology (1923). In the 1920s-30s, he was a prominent representative of constructivism. He was one of the authors of the residential block on Traktornaya Street (1925-27, together with A.S. Nikolsky and G.A. Simonov), of the Serafimovsky District, the block with a landscape garden (Stachek Avenue, 29-35, 1925-29, in collaboration with the same architects), Gorky House of Culture (4 Stachek Square, 1925-27, in collaboration with Krichevsky). He rebuilt the apartment house, accommodating Vyborgsky House of Culture (15 Komissara Smirnova Street, 1925-29, in collaboration with Krichevsky). He built the complex of Botkin Hospital (3 Mirgorodskaya Street, 1927-30s), the House of technical studies (4 Ivana Chernykh Street, 1930-32), I.I. Gaza House of Culture (72 Stachek Avenue, 1931-35, all were created in collaboration with D.L. Krichevsky). He took part in the construction of the building for the Joint State Political Directorate (OGPU), (4 Liteiny Avenue, 1931-32, see Big House). He is the author of the monument to V.I. Lenin The Cabin in Razliv (1927), the stele commemorating the shot fire by the cruiser Aurora (Angliiskaya Embankment, 1939). In the second half of 1930s, he turned to the modernization of classical methods, with the free interpretation of ordered forms: Gigant Cinema (44 Kondratyevsky Avenue, 1935-36, in collaboration with Krichevsky), buildings of bath-houses (12 Chkalovsky Avenue, 1 Tchaikovskogo Street, 16 Yaroslavsky Avenue, 1930s) and school buildings (19 Mokhovaya Street, 1935; 24 Robespierre Embankment, 1936-50), apartment houses (206-208 Moskovsky Avenue, 1937-40, in collaboration with V. S. Vasilkovsky). He reconstructed the ensemble of Anichkov Palace in the Palace of Pioneers (1936-37, in collaboration with Krichevsky) and the airport building (Pulkovo-2, 1948-51, together with other architects). He taught at the Politechnical Institute (1920-24) and at Leningrad Institute of Municipal Engineering (1928-33). He was a head of the administration of Leningrad Union of Architects (1937-48). As of 1950, he worked in Moscow as Vice President of the Academy of Architecture of the USSR (from 1950). He undertook theoretical research issues in architecture. He is the author of the book Of My Artistic Experience (Л., 1962).

References: Исаченко В. Г. Александр Гегелло // Зодчие Санкт-Петербурга, ХХ век. СПб., 2000. С. 86-99.

Б. М. Кириков.

Persons
Botkin Sergey Petrovich
Gaza Ivan Ivanovich
Gegello Alexander Ivanovich
Gorky Maxim (Alexey Maximovich Peshkov)
Krichevsky David (Daniil) Lvovich
Lenin (real name Ulyanov) Vladimir Ilyich
Nikolsky Alexander Sergeevich
Simonov Grigory Alexandrovich
Simonov Grigory Alexandrovich

Addresses
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city
Chkalovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 12
Ivana Chernykh Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
Komissara Smirnova St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 15
Kondratevsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 44
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
Mirgorodskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 3
Mokhovaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 19
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 206
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 208
Robespierre Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 24
Stachek Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 29
Stachek Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 31
Stachek Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 72
Stachek Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 33
Stachek Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
Stachek Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 35
Tchaikovskogo St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
Traktornaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Yaroslavsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 16

Bibliographies
Исаченко В. Г. Александр Гегелло // Зодчие Санкт-Петербурга, ХХ век. СПб., 2000

The subject Index
Constructivism
Botkin Memorial Hospital For Infectious Diseases
Bolshoy Dom
Anichkov Palace
Polytechnical University