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Entries / Efimov N.E. (1799-1851), architect.

Efimov N.E. (1799-1851), architect.


Categories / Architecture/Personalia

EFIMOV Nikolay Efimovich (1799-1851, St. Petersburg), architect, urban planner. From 1806 to 1821, he studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts; was later involved in studying traditional Russian architecture. In 1827-40, he lived in Italy. From 1840, he was a member of the academy, since 1842, an honourable free participant, while from 1844 he was a professor of the Academy of Fine Arts. As of 1840, he was an architect for the Court department. He assisted architect V.P. Stasov in restoring the interiors of the Winter Palace after the fire of 1837, and built the New Hermitage (1840-52), adding a number of changes to the design by architect L. Klenze. In 1843-45, he planned Konnogvardeisky Boulevard, Blagoveshchenskaya Square (currently, Truda Square), Znamenskaya Square (currently, Vosstaniya Square) and the southern part of St. Isaac’s Square, where in 1844-50 he erected in Neo-Renaissance style, the building of the Ministry of State Assets (No 4), and in 1847-53, Minister House (No 13). In 1844-51, he rebuilt the building of the City Duma in this style (1-3 Dumskaya Street), the houses of Chief-of-Police (22 Bolshaya Morskaya Street), of S.O. Kitner (7 St. Isaac’s Square), of A. Yakunchikova (66 Moika River Embankment ), the Shuvalov Palace (of the Naryshkins, 21 Fontanka River Embankment ). He designed the St. Nicholas’ Edinoverie Church (1845-51, Zakharyevskaya Street, 18, has not survived) and the Holy Resurrection Church (1847-59, Kulibina Square, has not survived) in the Neobyzantine style. He devoted his last years to the creation of the ensemble of St. Mary’s Convent, having enriched the Russian-Byzantine style with elements of ancient Russian architecture. He is buried at Novodevichy Cemetery.

References: Тыжненко Т. Е. Николай Ефимов // Зодчие Санкт-Петербурга, XIX - начало XX века. СПб., 1998. С. 254-266.

С. В. Боглачев.

Persons
Efimov Nikolay Efimovich
Kitner S.O.
Klenze Leo von
Stasov Vasily Petrovich
the Shuvalovs
Yakunchikova A.N.

Addresses
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 22
Dumskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
Dumskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 3
Fontanka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 21
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city
Moika River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 66
St.Isaac's Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 7
St.Isaac's Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
St.Isaac's Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 13
St.Isaac's Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Truda Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Vosstaniya Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Zakharievskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 18

Bibliographies
Тыжненко Т. Е. Николай Ефимов // Зодчие Санкт-Петербурга, XIX - начало XX века. СПб., 1998

The subject Index
Academy of Arts
Academy of Arts
Winter Palace
City Duma
Shuvalov (Naryshkin) Palace
Novodevichy Convent
Novodevichye Cemetery
Novodevichye Cemetery