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Entries / Grazhdanskaya Street

Grazhdanskaya Street


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Streets

GRAZHDANSKAYA STREET, running from Griboedova Canal to Voznesensky Avenue. In the 1730s, it was known as Third Perevedenskaya Street, and called Srednaya Meshchanskaya Street from 1739 to 1882, then called simply Meshchanskaya Street. In 1918, the street assumed its present-day name as part of the 1917 abolition of social-estates. The street was laid in the 1730s, on the territory of the Perevedenskaya Sloboda (Perevedenskaya Settlement), which was mainly inhabited by foreign bourgeois craftspeople (hence the street's first and second name). Most of the buildings were built in the late 18th-19th centuries: house No. 1/9 (late 18th century, rebuilt in 1832, architect E.T. Zollikofer), house No. 3 (late 18th century, enlarged in 1836, architect F.I. Rusca), house No. 10 (late 18th century - early 19th century, rebuilt in 1852 and 1912), house No. 12 (second half of the 18th century, enlarged in 1834), house No. 14 (late 18th century - early 19th century, rebuilt in 1860), house No. 21 (first quarter of the 19th century), house No. 26/75 (former Office of the Conference of Lay Magistrates, 1884-85, architect I.S. Kitner). The facade of houses Nos. 13-15 bears a bas-relief picturing J. Gutenberg, inventor of the printing press; these buildings were once used as the apartment house and engineering building of a company called G. Bertgold's Type-Foundry and Manufacturing of Copper Setting-Rules (architect R.I. Krieger; front of the building designed by architects M. Meydinger and V.V. Schaub). Grazhdanskaya Street is part of Dostoevsky's St. Petersburg, particularly house No. 19/5 (formerly I.A. Iokhim's house, 1820s-30s), which is associated with R. Raskolnikov, the main character of his novel Crime and Punishment. The building facade bears a plaque indicating the water level during the flood of November 7, 1824. A number of houses on the street are also connected with the life and work of V.I. Lenin; in M.A. Silvin's flat at house No. 10 he gathered St. Petersburg Marxists in the autumn of 1893, frequenting house No. 26 in 1893-95, and finally, in 1895, taking part in a meeting of the St. Petersburg Union for the Struggle of Liberating the Working Class at house No. 6.

G. Y. Nikitenko.

Persons
Bertgold G.
Gutenberg Johann
Iokhim Iohann Albert
Kitner Ieronim Sevastianovich
Krieger Reinhold (Roman) Ivanovich
Lenin (real name Ulyanov) Vladimir Ilyich
Meydinger Max
Rusca (Rusco) Franz Ivanovich
Schaub Vasily Vasilievich
Silvin Mikhail Alexandrovich
Zollikofer Egor Timofeevich (Georg Ruprecht)

Addresses
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 10
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 3
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 1/9
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 6
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 26
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 19/5
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 14
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 12
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 15
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 13
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 26/75
Grazhdanskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 21
Voznesensky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city

The subject Index
Union of Struggle for Liberation of the Working Class, St. Petersburg