Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
Entries / Marata Street

Marata Street


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Streets

MARATA STREET (in the 18th century - Preobrazhenskaya Polkovaya Street, in the first half of the 19th century - Gryaznaya Street, in 1855-1918 - Nikolaevskaya Street after Emperor Nicholas I), between Nevsky Prospect and Podiezdnoy Lane. It was renamed after French revolutionary and essayist J.-P. Marat (1743-1793). The street was constructed in the middle of the 18th - early 19th centuries as a road between settlements of Preobrazhensky Life Guard Regiment and Semenovsky Life Guard Regiment (hence the first name), it remained unpaved for quite a long time (hence the second name, while "gryaznaya" is the Russian for dirty). In 1775-90, A.N. Radishchev lived in Building 14 and was frequently visited by D.I. Fonvizin and N.I. Novikov. In 1820-27, St. Nicholas’ Edinoverie Church (Building 24a) with two chapels (since 1937 Arctic and Antarctic Museum) was constructed. Building 37 (1881, architect N.V. Dmitriev) housed the editorial office of Bolshevist Pravda newspaper in 1912. In building 50, entrepreneur and musical worker M.P. Belyaev lived in 1884-1903 and the so-called Belyaev's Fridays were held; in Building 52, composer A.K. Lyadov lived in 1884-1914. In 1817-19, Yamskoy Market was constructed (Building 53, architect V.V. Stasov); in 1907-08, the house of Bazhanov appeared (Building 72, architect P.F. Aleshin). In Building 27/9 (1914, architects L.I. Katonin and N.M. Proskurin), there were Higher Female Courses of M.A. Lokhvitskaya-Skalon. Building 78 housed Severnoe Siyanie Factory.

References: Исаченко В. Г. Улица Марата // БА. 1983. № 11. С. 44-52; Марьяновская З. Улица Марата // Там же. 1986. № 25. С. 49-62.

O. A. Chekanova.

Persons
Aleshin Pavel Fedotovich
Bazhanov F.G.
Belyaev Mitrofan Petrovich
Dmitriev Nikolay Vsevolodovich
Fonvizin Denis Ivanovich
Katonin Leonid Ivanovich
Lokhvitskaya-Skalon Mirra Alexandrovna
Lyadov Anatoly Konstantinovich
Marat Jean-Paul
Nicholas I, Emperor
Novikov Nikolay Ivanovich
Proskurnin Nikolay Mikhailovich
Radishchev Alexander Nikolaevich
Stasov Vasily Petrovich
Stasov Vladimir Vasilievich

Addresses
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 50
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 72
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 27/9
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 37
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 24, litera л. А
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 78
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 52
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 53
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 14
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city
Podiezdnoy Lane/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Марьяновская З. Улица Марата // Блокнот агитатора, 1986
Исаченко В. Г. Улица Марата // Блокнот агитатора, 1983

The subject Index
Preobrazhensky Life Guards Regiment
Semenovsky Life Guards Regiment
St. Nicholas’ Edinoverie Church
Arctic and Antarctic, Museum of the
Pravda (The Truth), newspaper

Chronograph
1966