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Entries / Moskovsky Avenue

Moskovsky Avenue


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Avenues

MOSKOVSKY AVENUE (in 1918-50 - Mezhdunarodny Avenue, in 1950-56 - Stalina Avenue, after I.V. Stalin), from Sennaya Square to Pobedy Square, one of the main thoroughfares of St. Petersburg, connects the city centre and its southern districts, and marks the beginning of the road to Moscow. Its length is about 10 km, the avenue coincides with the line of Pulkovsky meridian. The road was constructed in the first quarter of the 18th century to Saarskaya myza (Tsarskoe Selo); since 1739, the part as far as Fontanka River was called Sarskaya Prospektiva, from the 1770s to 1878 - Obukhovsky Avenue (after the bridge of the same name). From the first half of the 18th century to 1878, the section from the Fontanka River to Moskovskie Gates was called Sarskaya Road or Tsarskoselskaya Perspektiva. In 1878-1918, both lots were called Zabalkansky Avenue (to commemorate the victory in Russian-Turkish War of 1877-78). On Moskovsky Avenue, marble milestones of the 1770s have been preserved. The part of Moskovsky Avenue before Obvodny Canal was built up mainly in the 19th century: Building 7 (1838, architect A.M. Bolotov), Building 8 (the first half of the 19th century, reconstructed in the 1840s and in 1870), Building 9 - University of Transport Communications, Building 17 - former Konstantinovskoe Military School (the middle of the 18th century, reconstructed in the 19th - early 20th centuries; today Cadet Rocket Artillery Corps), building 19 is the former Chamber of Weights and Measures (today Mendeleev Metrology Institute), Building 26 - Technological Institute (1829-31, 1890s), Building 33 - the former house of Free Economic Society (1804-06, reconstructed in 1836-44, today - a branch of the Russian National Library; its wing is known as the house of Plekhanov), Building 29 - former Design School (today Architecture and Construction University). In 1934-38, Frunzensky Department Store (Building 60/129, architect E.I. Katonin, et al.) was constructed. The 1950s were notable for the development of the Olympia Garden and construction of Building 26 (1955) that houses the metro administration and Tekhnologichesky institut metro station (architects A.K. Andreev, A. Sokolov). Beyond Obvodny Canal, there is Building 65 (1823-26, architect I.I. Charlemagne, former stockyard, today Dairy Factory no.1 of Petmol Joint-Stock Company), the complex of the Novodevichy Convent (Building 100) and Novodevichy Cemetery opened in 1849. Behind Moskovskie Triumphal Arch, there is the former workers' outskirt Moskovskaya Zastava: Building 111 - Skorokhod Factory, Building 115 - the former carriage-building plant of Rechkin (F. Reschtke), today Vagonmash, Building 139 and 158 - the former Simens-Schuckert Plant (today Elektrosila). In the 1920-30s, the fundamental reconstruction of the thoroughfare was launched. In 1925-26, the fire station was constructed (building 116, architect D.P. Buryshkin); in 1930-31, Kapranov Palace of Culture was added (Building 97, architect M.S Reisman), in 1930-31 - Ilyich Palace of Culture (Building 152, architect N.F. Demkov), in 1930-35 - the building of Moscow District Soviet (Building 129, architect I.I. Fomin, et al.), in 1936-41 - the so-called House of Soviets (architect N.A. Trotsky, et al.), in 1934-41 - residential area (Building 79, architects A.M. Arnold, L.A. Ilyin, completed in 1951), in 1937-39 - the House of Union Furs (today the Palace of Furs, Building 98, architect D.F. Fridman). During the Siege of 1941-44, the forefront of Leningrad defence line was set close to Moskovsky Avenue. In 1945, Moskovsky Park Pobedy (Victory Park) in the area of Moskovsky Avenue was laid; in the 1950s the ensemble of Moskovskaya Square was developed. In 1975, the monument to Heroic Defenders of Leningrad was opened on Pobedy Square. In 1998, halls of the new building of the Russian National Library started functioning (Building 165, project director architect V.N. Shcherbin). The following metro stations are located on Moskovsky Avenue: Tekhnologichesky Institut (1955), Frunzenskaya, Moskovskie Vorota, Elektrosila, Park Pobedy (all put into operation in 1961), and Moskovskaya (1969).

Reference: Яковченко Р. Н. Московский проспект. Л., 1986.

G. Y. Nikitenko.

Persons
Andreev Alexander Kuzmich
Arnold Anatoly Maximilianovich
Bolotov Andrey Mikhailovich
Buryshkin David Petrovich
Charlemagne Iosif Iosifovich
Demkov Nikolay Fedorovich
Fomin Igor Ivanovich
Fridman Daniil Fedorovich
Ilyin Lev Alexandrovich
Kapranov Viktor Pavlovich
Katonin Evgeny Ivanovich
Mendeleev Dmitry Ivanovich
Reisman Mikhail Semenovich
Reschtke (Rechkin) F.K.
Schuckert
Shcherbin Vladimir Nikolaevich
Simens Karl Fedorovich
Sokolov A.A.
Stalin (real name Dzhugashvili) Iosif Vissarionovich
Trotsky Noy Abramovich

Addresses
Moskovskaya Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 26
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 33
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 100
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 116
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 17
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 115
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 152
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 129
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 98
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 158
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 139
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 165
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 60/129
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 29
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 8
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 7
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 9
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 111
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 79
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 97
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 19
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 65
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city
Pobedy Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Sennaya Square/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Яковченко Р. Н. Московский проспект. Л., 1986

The subject Index
Railway University
Mendeleev Metrology Institute
State Institute of Technology, St. Petersburg
Free Economic Society
House of Plekhanov, department of Russian Science Library
Frunzensky Supermarket
Stockyard
Novodevichy Convent
Novodevichye Cemetery
Novodevichye Cemetery
Moscow Triumphal Arch
Skorokhod Factory
Vagonmash
Elektrosila Plant
Heroic Defenders of Leningrad, Monument to
Elektrosila Plant

Chronograph
1774
1936
1998
2001