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Entries / Konnogvardeysky Boulevard

Konnogvardeysky Boulevard


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Boulevards

KONNOGVARDEYSKY BOULEVARD (in 1918-91, Profsoyuzov Boulevard), located between Dekabristov Square, St. Isaac's Square and Truda Square. The Admiralty Canal was excavated along Konnogvardeysky Boulevard in the early 18th century for transporting wood from New Holland to the Admiralty Shipyard. The Rope and Spinning Yards' wattle and daub, and later stone, buildings were constructed along the canal's right bank. The Rope Yard encompassed three elongated buildings where ropes were woven, pitched and stored. In 1786, it was shut down and the territory was divided into lots which from 1794 were granted or sold out to private individuals for development. By the late 18th century, the left-bank canal was built up with apartment houses and mansions overlooking Galernaya Street, and its western section consisted of sailors' quarters (1799-1800, architect А. D. Zakharov). In 1804-07, construction on the on the canal's left bank included the Horse Life Guards Regiment barracks designed in the Empire style (house No 4, architect L. Rusca, hence the name of the boulevard) and the Regiment Manege (riding house, house No 2, architect G. Quarenghi). In 1844-45, the canal was encased with a pipe and a boulevard crowned by the Glory Columns (architect K. I. Rossi) was laid out according to architect N. E. Efimov's design. Important houses on the boulevard include Kochubey's house (1853-57, No 7); I. O. Utin's apartment house (1858-60, No 17, architect R. I. Kuzmin; reconstructed in 2001-03); and the Clergy House of St. Isaac's Cathedral (1870-71, No 5, architect М. А. Makarov). The years 1853-61 saw the construction of the Nicholas Palace complex, its south wing (Nos. 19-23) overlooking Konnogvardeysky Boulevard. House No 6 appeared in the 1930s, and in 1905 house No 15 hosted the first session of the Central Trade Union Bureau (memorial plaque installed, hence the boulevard's name in 1918-91). In 1917, house No 4 quartered the reserve Kekshol Regiment, whose soldiers participated in the events of October 1917 (memorial plaque installed). In 1907, the city's first tram track was laid along Konnogvardeisky Boulevard, and the first trolley-bus route was put in operation there in 1936.

References: Воложенинов И. Бульвар Профсоюзов // БА. 1971. № 29. С. 36-46.

V. V. Antonov.

Persons
Efimov Nikolay Efimovich
Kochubey Alexander Vasilievich, Duke
Kuzmin Roman Ivanovich
Makarov Mikhail Alexeevich
Quarenghi Giacomo
Rossi Carl Ivanovich (Carlo Giovanni)
Rusca Luigi (Aloisy Ivanovich)
Utin Isaak Osipovich
Zakharov Andreyan (Adrian) Dmitrievich

Addresses
Dekabristov Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Galernaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 5
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 19
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 23
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 15
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 17
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 7
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 6
Konnogvardeisky Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 21
St.Isaac's Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Truda Square/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Воложенинов И. Бульвар Профсоюзов // Блокнот агитатора, 1971

The subject Index
Admiralty Shipyard
House of Kochubey (Konnogvardeisky Boulevard)
Nikolaevsky Palace (Palace of Labour)

Chronograph
1845