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Entries / Tolstoy P.A., governor-general in 1803-1805

Tolstoy P.A., governor-general in 1803-1805

Categories / City Administration/Personalia

TOLSTOY Peter Alexandrovich (1770-1844), count, statesman and combat leader, infantry general (1814), adjutant-general (1797). Since 1785 he had been in the military service, took part in the Polish campaigns of 1792 and 1794, Russian-French wars of 1799, 1805, 1806-07. Since 1800, a senator. In 1802-05 St. Petersburg military governor with the duty of St. Petersburg civil governor also; while holding this post he banned the give-away of municipal lands, and introduced the mandatory sale of the land by auction. In 1807-08 an ambassador extraordinary in Paris. During the Patriotic War of 1812, he was engaged in the organization of home guards in the provinces of Volga Region; participated in the campaigns of 1813 and 1814, later he was in charge of a corps. Since 1823, a member of the State Council. Since 1827 he was the supeintendent of the General Staff of His Imperial Majesty, since 1828, army settlements superintendent of the General Staff. Owing to the departure of emperor Nicholas I from the capital for the time of the Turkish Campaign of 1828-29, Tolstoy was appointed commander-in-chief in St. Petersburg and Kronstadt. Since early 1829, he was in charge of the Guards forces left in St. Petersburg. Since 1830, a chairman of the Military Educational Institutions Council. Tolstoy took part in the suppression of the Polish uprising of 1830-31. He enjoyed the full confidence of emperor Nicholas I.

References: Длуголенский Я. Н. Военно-гражданская и полицейская власть Санкт-Петербурга, 1703-1917. СПб., 2001. С. 84-88.

D. N. Shilov.

Nicholas I, Emperor
Tolstoy Peter Alexandrovich, Count

Длуголенский Я. Н. Военно-гражданская власть Санкт-Петербурга, 1703-1917. СПб., 2001

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