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Entries / Hairdresser's Saloons

Hairdresser's Saloons


Categories / City Services/Housing and Communal Services

HAIRDRESSER'S SALOONS. In Russian, 'parikmakherskaya', from the German 'Perucke', or periwig, and Macher, or maker. A public service institution. In the 1790s, there were both Russian (43 master hairdressers and 20 trainees) and German (73 master hairdressers) hairdressers in St. Petersburg. The Russian Guild also included shavers and barbers (82 master barbers, 22 apprentices and 23 trainees), who maintained barber saloons and at the same time served as tool grinders and medical assistants. In the 19th century, hairdressers (mainly women's stylists) were also called 'kuafers' (from the French сoiffeur, or male hairdresser). There were hairdressing saloons in every bath and at some hotels. In the early 20th century, the best hairdressing saloons were situated at 80 Nevsky Prospect (Bogdanov's), at 28 Nevsky Prospect (Bukinich's), at 18 Nevsky Prospect (Vasilyev's), at 45 Nevsky Prospect (Deleri's), at 14 Bolshaya Morskaya Street (Althofer's), at 5 Bolshaya Morskaya Street (Gabelen's), at Voznesensky Avenue and Liteiny Avenue, and in other locations. Previously, master hairdressers wore frocks and waistcoats; now they wear white uniforms. In 1941-44, there was only one hairdressing saloon in Leningrad, at 54 Nevsky Prospect (commemorative plaque; today Debyut Saloon). In the 1960s, hairdressing saloons were under the jurisdiction of the Public Service Office; in the 1980s they were part of the Cosmetics Trust. In 1985, there were 384 hairdressing saloons in the city (including 5 for children, 32 hairstyling saloons, and 1 special saloon), and a workshop for production and repair of wigs, chignons, and plaits (16 Bely Kuna Street); in 2002, there were over 300 hairdressing saloons (mostly private), hairstyling saloons, and hairdressers making home visits.

References: Раевский Ф. Петербург с окрестностями: С подроб. планом, с описанием всех достопримечательностей в Петербурге и окрестностях. СПб., 1902; Георги И. Г. Описание российско-императорского столичного города Санкт-Петербурга... СПб., 1996. С. 203.

I. A. Bogdanov.

Persons
Althofer
Bogdanov
Bukinich
Delery
Habelen
Vasilyev

Addresses
Bely Kuna St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 16
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 5
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 14
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city, house 18
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city, house 28
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city, house 45
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city, house 80
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city, house 54
Voznesensky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Георги И. Г. Описание российско-императорского столичного города Санкт-Петербурга... СПб., 1996
Раевский Ф. Петербург с окрестностями: С подроб. планом, с описанием всех достопримечательностей в Петербурге и окрестностях. СПб., 1902