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Entries / Grazhdanin (Citizen), journal newspaper, 1872-1914

Grazhdanin (Citizen), journal newspaper, 1872-1914

Categories / Press. Mass Media/Periodical Press/Magazines
Categories / Press. Mass Media/Periodical Press/Newspapers

GRAZHDANIN (Citizen), a journal on politics and literature which appeared in 1872-79 and 1882-1914 three times a week, and in 1888-95 as a daily. It was founded on private donations and with the support of Grand Prince Alexander Alexandrovich (future Emperor Alexander III) and published by its major contributor Prince V. P. Meshchersky. Among the journals constantly changing editors was F. M. Dostoevsky who held the position from 1873 until 1874; he published in the Grazhdanin his Diary of a Writer, also contributing to the weekly political review. Throughout its life time Grazhdanin published works of K. P. Pobedonostsev, N. N. Strakhov, А. F. Pisemsky, N. S. Leskov, А. N. Maykov, Y. P. Polonsky, А. N. Apukhtin et al. The publicists of Grazhdanin engaged in harsh polemics with the liberal newspapers Golos and Sankt Peterburgskie Vedomosti, calling for discontinuation of the reforms and the extension of political rights of the nobility, as the throne's prop. This stance won Grazhdanin the reputation of an extremely conservative publication, close to the government circles. Upon Meshchersky's death it was shut down. From 1873 the editorial office was located at 77 Nevsky Prospect.

References: Мещерский В. П. Мои воспоминания. СПб., 1898-1912. Ч. 2-3; Его же. Тридцатилетие издания газеты-журнала Гражданин. СПб., 1901; Матюшкин А. В. Достоевский и Гражданин: презумпции понимания // Культура: соблазны понимания. Петрозаводск, 1999. Ч. 2. С. 115-122.

A. B. Muratov.

Alexander III, Emperor
Apukhtin Alexey Nikolaevich
Dostoevsky Fedor Mikhailovich
Leskov Nikolay Semenovich
Maykov Apollon Nikolaevich
Meshchersky Vladimir Petrovich, Duke
Pisemsky Alexey Feofilaktovich
Pobedonostsev Konstantin Petrovich
Polonsky Yakov Petrovich
Strakhov Nikolay Nikolaevich

Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city, house 77

Мещерский В. П. Мои воспоминания. СПб., 1898-1912
Мещерский В. П. Тридцатилетие издания газеты-журнала "Гражданин", СПб., 1901
Матюшкин А.В. Достоевский и "Гражданин": презумпции понимания // Культура: соблазны и понимания. Петрозаводск, 1999

The subject Index
Golos (The Voice), newspaper, 1863-1884
Sankt Peterburgskie Vedomosti (St. Petersburg Gazette), newspaper