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Entries / Ukrainians

Ukrainians


Categories / Population/Ethnic Groups

Ukrainians, an ethnic community forming a part of the St. Petersburg population. Ukrainian language is related to the Slavonic group of Indo-European languages. Their faith is Orthodox. The formation of the Ukrainian community in St. Petersburg began in the 19th century. In 1869 there were approximately 500 Ukrainians living in the city, in 1900 - 10,600, in 1910 - 17,000, the majority were labourers. The small number of Ukrainians and their cultural similarity to the founding Russian population enabled assimilation and hindered the establishment of ethnic organizations. In 1858 - beginning of the 1860s operated the first Ukrainian cultural organization Gromada (Community) in St. Petersburg. In 1861-62 the magazine Osnova (Foundation) was published. Only in 1909 was the first Ukrainian club founded Gromada (existing until 1917). In the 1920-30s the Ukrainian House of Education worked in St. Petersburg, (13 Rubinstein Street), the Ukrainian Theatre Collective, performing national writers’ plays. By 1989 the Ukrainians had become the second largest ethnic group in St. Petersburg after Russians, comprising of 151,000 people. In 1989 the Ukrainian Cultural-Educational Union in the name of T.G. Shevchenko was founded in St. Petersburg, conducting activities for the preservation and publicity of Ukrainian culture. In 1998 the Ukrainian National-Cultural Autonomy was registered in St. Petersburg.

Reference: Юхнева Н. В. Этнический состав и этносоциальная структура населения Петербурга, вторая половина XIX - нач. XX в.: Стат. анализ. Л., 1984.

A. Y. Chistyakov.

Persons
Shevchenko Taras Grigorievich

Addresses
Rubinsteina St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 13

Bibliographies
Юхнева Н. В. Этнический состав и этносоциальная структура населения Петербурга, вторая половина XIX - нач. XX в.: Стат. анализ. Л., 1984

The subject Index
Labourers


Population (entry)

POPULATION of St. Petersburg is the second largest in the Russian Federation after Moscow. From the 18th to the start of the 20th centuries the population continually grew: in 1725 - 40,000 people, in 1750 - 74,000; in 1800 - 220,000; in 1818 - 386