Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
Entries / The Upper Bath pavilion (an ensemble of the Catherine Park)

The Upper Bath pavilion (an ensemble of the Catherine Park)

Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Monuments of history and culture

This building with the early Classical style facades, originally named “the bathing place for members of the Imperial family”, was built in 1777-1779 by the architect I.V. Neyelov. The location of the pavilion on the third upper terrace of the Old Garden let to include the pavilion in the panorama of the Mirror Pond and the Half-Moon Pond and the Cameron Gallery. The well-decorated interior was painted by the painter – decorator A.I. Belsky with fresco scenes of the attic myth about Phaethon and Helios. Engravings, based on the drawings of F. Smuglevich and V. Brenna which was done from Emperor Nero’s Golden House paintings in Rome, were used for frescos’ basis. Inside there was a cloakroom, sweating-room, bathroom, room of a boiler-man. All rooms were not large. The central octahedral hall was used for resting.
The first museum of Tsarskoye Selo was opened here in 1910 for the 200-years anniversary of Tsarskoye Selo. Since that year pavilion became to name the Upper Bath, it was likely considered more euphonic than “mylnya (wash-house)”. The building was burned during World War II and the fascists occupation of Pushkin Town in 1941-1944. The restoration and renewal were done in 1952-1954 to the design of the architect S.M. Novopolsky. The artist A.M. Treskin restored the lost painting of interiors.

Semenova Galina Victorovna

Belsky, Aleksey Ivanovich
Brenna, V.
Neelov Ilya Vasilievich
Novopolsky, S.M.
Novopoltsev, S.M.
Treskin, A.M.
Treskin, A.M.

Ekaterininsky Park/Pushkin, town


19 June. The performance in the honour of the Austria Emperor Joseph II, who visited Russia and stayed in the Upper Bath Pavilion under the name of Count Falkestein, was given in the Chinese Theatre
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


1 January. Colonel, Prince M.S. Putyatin was appointed as the Head of the Palace Board. The last Manager of Tsarskoye Selo, who was appointed by the Tsar, died as an emigrant in the USA. 17-19 May
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

The 1780s

The improvement of the Catherine Park (the Old Garden) was continued. The Cameron Gallery, Agate Rooms (the Cold Bath), Upper Bath, Lower Bath, building of the Admiralty, Concert Hall, Hall on the Island and other park constructions were built
Source: Tsarskoe Selo