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Entries / 1944


Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Chronicle of three centuries/1926 - 1950

13 January. Igor Rybakov, a fearless member of an underground organization, graduate of the secondary school of Pushkin Town, was executed by firing squard in Gatchina. 16 January. After previous powerful bombardment, the 110th infantry corps, under the command of Major General I.V. Khazov, began the offencive from the Pulkovo Heights to the front line near Pushkin Town; the corps included three divisions: the 56th division under the command of General С.М.Bunkov, the 72th division under the command of Colonel I.I.Yastrebov and the 85th division under the command of Colonel K.V. Vvedensky. Enemy emplacements were destroyed by bombing by pilots of the 275th fighter plane division.

17 January. The 56th division captured Aleksandrovka, the defence center, and cut the Warsaw Railway. The 59th infantry regiment under the command of the Hero of the Soviet Union Kh.M. Krasnokutsky struck the main shock.

24 January. The 213th infantry regiment of the 56th infantry division under the commnad of Colonel А.К.Ryabushev was the first that entered Pushkin Town at 2:40 a.m. Lieutenant I.E. Sviridyuk, aide-de-camp of the regiment commander, rose the Red Banner above the Lyceum arch. Pushkin Town was liberated from the Nazi envaders.

""Troops of the Leningrad front, continuing the successful offencive, today, 24 January, as the result of the turning manoevre and swift attack to the front, captured Pushkin Town (Tsarskoye Selo) and Pavlovsk Town (Slutsk). Troops under the command of Colonel General Maslennikov, Major General Khazov, Major General Bunkov, Major General Yastrebov, Colonel Vvedensky, artillerymen of Major General Mikhalkin, artillerymen of Colonel Maslovsky and members of tank crews of Lieutenant Colonel Gryazeshvili were distinguished during the the battles for the capture of Pushkin Town and Pavlovsk Town.
In commemoration of the victory, detachments and units , that were the most distinguished during the battles, are recommended for conferring the titles "Pushkinskaya" and "Pavlovskaya" and for awarding Orders."
(From the order of Supreme Commander-in-Chief. 24 January 1944)

24 January, 9 p.m. 124-gun salute with twelve salvos took place in Moscow devoted to the libaration of Pushkin Town and Pavlovsk Town.

10 March. The work for the restoration of the water supply system and purification plant of Puskin Town was began under the management of Dmitry Ivanovich Trinkov.

13 April. Lieutenant General Ivan Vasilyevich Khazov, who was the commander of the 110th infantry corps which liberated Pushkin Town and Pavlovsk Town, was deadly wounded during the army operation near Pskov City. His dying wish was to bury his body in Pushkin Town and this wish was realized. The grave of I.V. Khazov was placed in the Alexander Park near the Chinese Theatre.

8 May. Writer Aleksei Tolstoy, who came in Pushkin Town on business of the Extraordinary Commission for the Investigation of Nazi Crimes, visited Pushkin Town and his home at Proletarskaya Street for the last time in his life. According to the Extraordinary Commission, the damage, inflicted to the town, was estimated at Rb 5,4 billion (the estimating was made on the basis of prices of 1944): 1555 houses were completely destroyed, 1413 houses were damaged by bombardments, about 500 houses were preserved ( the total living space was 27000 square metres). About 59 citizens were in Pushkin Town on the first liberation day.

6 June. The ceremonial meeting, devoted to the anniversary of the birth of A.S. Pushkin, was held in the Palace of Culture building . Many poets and writers made speeches, A.A. Akhmatova was among them. The memorial room of A.S. Pushkin was opened in the Lyceum.

11 June. The Track Repair-Mechanics Plant began to work again on the basis of the restoring trains which having come. Simultaneously, the restoration of the production basis was began. By 1953 at the Track Repair-Mechanics Plant the repair of electric-ballasters and snowplough machines was arraged, the electric power stations on the basis of the caterpillar tractor DT-54, the special trains for the transporting of the long railway tracks, self-unloading goods trucks SP-4 and other railway machinery were manufactured .

6 August. Air Observation Military School (now it is the Order of Red Star Pushkin Military Institute of Electronics of Space Troops named after Marshal of Aviation E.Y. Savitsky), was re-deployed into the barracks of the military town in Sophia Town in Pushkin Town according to the order of the Leningrad Military Region Command.

October. The first schools for 970 pupils, one clinic, one day nursery for 80 children, 3 shops, 3 canteens were opened in Pushkin Town after the war, 289 houses were occupied. By 1946 Pushkin Town had a population of about 3000.

26 November. The first issue of the newspaper "The Bolshevik Word" , resumed after the liberation of the town, was published.

Akhmatova Anna Andreevna
Bunkov, Stepan Mikhaylovich
Khazov, Ivan Vasilyevich
Maslovsky, Georgy Nikolayevich
Mikhalkin, Mikhail Semyenovich
Ryabushev, A.K.
Rybakov, Igor
Sviridyuk, I.Ye.
Tolstoy Alexey Nikolaevich
Trinkov, Dmitry Ivanovich
Vvedensky, Konstantin Vladimirovich
Yastrebov, Ilya Ivanovich