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The subject index / Blagoveschenskaya (Holy Annunciation) Burial Vault

Blagoveschenskaya (Holy Annunciation) Burial Vault

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Religious Architecture (see also Religion.Church)
Categories / Architecture/Cemeteries (see also Municipal Economy)

BLAGOVESCHENSKAYA (HOLY ANNUNCIATION) BURIAL VAULT (Holy Annunciation Burial Vault), the oldest stone chapel-monument of St. Petersburg, part of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra Ensemble. It was constructed in 1717-25, in the style of the Petrine Baroque (architect D. Trezzini, H. Conrad and T. Schwertfeger), and was meant for the burial of members of the royal family and grandees (the first national Pantheon of Russia). Under the floor are 25 graves. On 24 October 1723, in the Lower Church Tsarina Praskovya Fedorovna (the widow of Peter the Great’s brother - Tsar Ivan V Alexeevich) was buried. On 30 August 1724, the relics of Prince Alexander Nevsky were brought to the vault and the consecration of the Upper Church named in his honour was carried out (in 1790 the relics were transferred to Holy Trinity Cathedral of the Lavra). The Lower Church of the Holy Annunciation was consecrated on 25 March 1725. The original moulding and painting decor of the Blagoveschenskaya Burial Vault has not been preserved, the wall-painting was renovated in 1839-1841 and 1873 and destroyed in the 1930s. In 1932, the lower chapel was given over to the museum-necropolis, the upper one was reconstructed. In 1989-99, a full restoration was undertaken, that returned the original shape and decor of the chapel. The Blagoveschenskaya Burial Vault is the main exposition object of the City Sculpture Museum, here A.V. Suvorov, I.I. Shuvalov, I.I. Betskoy, N.I. Panin, M.A. Miloradovich, Matvey Y. Vielgorsky and other outstanding figures of Russian history were buried; there are the gravestones of Rzhevsky husband and his wife (1710s, the oldest of St. Petersburg), artistic headstones of A.M. Golitsyn (1788, sculptor F.G. Gordeev), E.S. Kurakina (1792, sculptor I.P. Martos), A.A. Bezborodko (1803, sculptor Z. Rachette), M.S. Tairova (1810, sculptor A. Triscorni) are displayed. See also the Museum of City Sculpture and Alexander Nevsky Lavra entries.

Y. M. Piryutko.

Alexander Nevsky, Duke
Betskoy (Betsky) Ivan Ivanovich
Bezborodko Alexander Andreevich
Conrat Ch.
Golitsyn Alexander Mikhailovich, Duke
Gordeev Fedor Gordeevich
Ivan V Alexeevich, Tsar
Kurakina Elena Stepanovna, Duchess
Martos Ivan Petrovich
Miloradovich Mikhail Andreevich
Panin Nikita Ivanovich, Count
Peter I, Emperor
Piryutko Yury Minaevich
Praskovya Fedorovna, Tsarina
Rachette Jean-Dominique
Schwertfeger Theodor
Shuvalov Ivan Ivanovich, Count
Suvorov Alexander Arkadievich, Count
Tairova Marfa Savelievna
The Triscornis
Trezzini Domenico
Vielgorsky Matvei Yurievich
Zemelgak Yakov Ivanovich

см. при ст. Городской скульптуры музей и Александро-Невская лавра.

The subject Index
Alexander Nevsky Lavra
Museum of City Sculpture


Anna Leopoldovna, (1718-1746), "regent"

ANNA LEOPOLDOVNA (1718-1746), granddaughter of Tsar Ivan V, grand-niece of Emperor Peter the Great, mother of Emperor Ivan VI. Nee as Elisabeth Catharina Christine, Princess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Betskoy I.I. (1704-1795), statesman and teacher

BETSKOY (Betsky) Ivan Ivanovich (1703 or 1704-1795, St. Petersburg), statesman and public figure, actual privy counsellor (1766). He was the illegitimate son of General Field Marshal Prince I.Y. Trubetskoy

Bezborodko A.A. (1747-1799), statesman

BEZBORODKO Alexander Andreevich (1747-1799, St Petersburg), Serene High Prince (1797), statesman, State Chancellor (1797). From 1765, he served at the Chancellery of the Governor-General of Malorussia (Left-Bank Ukraine)

Golitsyn Family

GOLITSYN, princely family, the Gediminovich Dinasty, important in the 16th century. Several members, including Prince M.M. Golitsyn, were closely associated with St. Petersburg. His son was Alexander Mikhailovich Golitsyn (1718-1783, St

Gravestones (entry)

GRAVESTONES. The Necropolis-Museum of the 18th Century preserves cast-iron gravestones of T.A. Litvinova, S.A. Apraxina, P.F. Balk-Polev, P.N. Melgunov and others (1730-50s) with typical epitaphs in ornamented frames with armour and heraldic symbols

Imperial Burial Vault

IMPERIAL BURIAL VAULT. A final burial place for members of the Imperial Family had not yet been ultimately determined during Peter the Great's reign. The Tsars' kin were most often buried at the Holy Annunciation Church Burial Vault

Martos I.P., (1754-1835), sculptor

MARTOS Ivan Petrovich (1754-1835, St. Petersburg), sculptor, follower of Classicism. Studied at the Academy of Arts (1764-73) under L. Rolland and N.F. Gillet, and received a retainer from the Academy of Arts to study in Italy (1774-1790

Museum of City Sculpture

MUSEUM OF CITY SCULPTURE, State Museum of City Sculpture (STCS) (179/2 Nevsky Prospect) was organised in 1939 with the aim to keep records, provide protection and carry out restoration of major monuments

Panin Family

PANIN FAMILY, a noble family, counts since 1767, known since the 16th century. Ivan Vasilievich Panin (1673-1736) and his cousin, Alexey Ivanovich Panin (1675-1762), Captain of the Semenovsky Life Guards Regiment

Razumovsky Family

RAZUMOVSKY FAMILY, nobles and counts (from 1744) of Malorussian origin, known from the second half of the 17th century, rising to fame in the mid-18th century. Alexey Grigorievich Razumovsky (1709-71, St

Shuvalov I.I. (1727-1797), statesman

SHUVALOV Ivan Ivanovich (1727-1797, St Petersburg), count, statesman, Adjutant-General (1760), Chief Chamberlain. Member of the Conference of the Supreme Court

Vielgorsky Mikhail Yuryevich and Vielgorsky Matvey Yurievich, Counts, musicians

VIELGORSKY MIKHAIL YURYEVICH AND VIELGORSKY MATVEY YURIEVICH, Counts, musicians, patrons of art, brothers ("brothers of harmony"). Born in St. Petersburg. Their father authored drama and musical works, worked as a parlour musician

Yatsevich A.G. (1887-1942), Regional Ethnographer

YATSEVICH Andrey Grigorievich (1887, St. Petersburg - 1942, Leningrad) art historian, regional ethnographer, specialist in the works by Pushkin. Yatsevich graduated from the Faculty of Law of St. Petersburg University in 1905