Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
The subject index / Anichkov Bridge

Anichkov Bridge

Categories / Architecture/Bridges

ANICHKOV BRIDGE (in 1739 Nevsky), spanning the Fontanka River on Nevsky Prospect. The first wooden bridge was built here in 1715 under the supervision of М.О. Anichkov (hence the name), in 1721 it was elevated (the master K. van Boles), in 1749 it was rebuilt (architect S. Volkov) and decorated with granite. In about 1783-85, it was rebuilt in stone to the standard design (see article Belinskogo Bridge), in 1841 it was reconstructed (engineers I.F. Buttatz, А.K. Reder, A.D. Gotman; railings with trellis motives of the Palace Bridge across the Spree River in Berlin): the three span framework consists of vaults and facing arches from red granite, the props of rough masonry are faced with granite. In 1849-50, four sculptures of P.K. Klodt The Taming of the Horse were added. In 1906-08, it was rebuilt (engineers S. P. Bobrovsky, N.G. Krivoshein, architect P.V. Schusev) while preserving the architectural and structural form of the original; the bow shaped arches were replaced with torispherical arches. In November 1941, the sculptures were buried in the garden of Anichkov Palace; solemnly returned 30 April 1945 (in 2000-01 restored). In 1941-44, the surrounding area of Anichkov Bridge was exposed to intensive artillery fire (it received the name "God! Bring it on!"). At the foot of the group of horses, there is a commemorative plaque. In 1991, curvilinear pieces of the cast iron trellises were renewed. The length of the bridge to the alignment of the embankments is 54.6 metres, the width 37.9 metres.

Reference: Васильев В. В. Аничков мост. Л., 1973.

D. Y. Guzevich, S.Z. Suponitsky, L.M. Vorontsova.

Anichkov M.O.
Bobrovsky S.P.
Boles Harmann van
Buttatz I.F.
Gotman Andrey Danilovich
Klodt von Jurgensburg Peter Karlovich
Krivoshein Grigory Grigorievich
Reder A.K.
Shchusev Peter Viktorovich
Volkov Semen Artemievich

Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city

Васильев В. В. Аничков мост. Л., 1973

The subject Index
Belinskogo Bridge
Anichkov Palace


Artillery Bombardments of 1941-44

ARTILLERY BOMBARDMENTS OF 1941-44, conducted by long-range German artillery in order to destroy Leningrad's industrial and military facilities, and to spread panic among its population during the siege of 1941-1944

Bridges (entry)

BRIDGES, an integral part of the urban planning structure and architectural appearance of St. Petersburg. In 2002, the city numbered 342 bridges of various kinds and types; in Kronstadt: 5 bridges, Pushkin: 54 bridges, Petrodvorets: 51 bridges

Decorative Monumental Sculpture (entry)

DECORATIVE MONUMENTAL SCULPTURE. The art of monumental sculpture dates back to the time of Peter the Great; its first examples appeared throughout St. Petersburg, at the Summer Garden and various suburb residences

Electrical Power Supply

ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY. Prototype electrical torches in St. Petersburg were lit in 1873 on Odesskaya Street. Twelve electrical torches designed by P.N. Yablochkov were installed in 1879 for the lighting of Liteiny Bridge


PAVEMENT. In the early 18th century, pedestrian pavements in St. Petersburg developed out of wooden planked roadways. In the mid 18th century, wooden pavements appeared; in the late 18th century came stone pavements made of limestone slabs


PAVEMENTS have been built in St. Petersburg since the early 18th century. The first pavements were made of boards, later various paving materials were applied, including planks, cobblestones, asphalt, woodblocks, granite, metal, road metal (pebbles)