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Rubricator / / Architecture / Architectural Monuments / Public Buildings and Edifices
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ADMIRALTY, in the 18-19 centuries - a place for the building and repairing of warships, provided with all the necessary equipment (dockyards, ship-ways, slipways, storehouses, workshops, etc.). In St

Arsenals (general article)

ARSENALS, establishments for storing and repairing weapons and ammunition, as well as buildings meant for such use. The first arsenals in St. Petersburg (Zeughaus) were built in 1703-05 in St Peter and Paul Fortress and the Admiralty Fortress

Astoria Hotel

ASTORIA HOTEL (39 Bolshaya Morskaya Street). The six-story building, featuring elements of the Art Nouveau and Neoclassical styles, was constructed in 1911-12 (architect F.I. Lidval, engineer N.P. Kozlov, engineer-architect K.G. Eylers)

Bank Buildings (entry)

BANK BUILDINGS, public buildings designed for housing finance and credit institutions. The first special bank buildings were the Assignation Bank building at Sadovaya Street (1783-90, architect G

Bolshoy Dom

BOLSHOY DOM (Big House)(4 Liteiny Avenue), the name Leningraders gave to the administrative building where the bodies of Joint State Political Administration Board (OGPU), People's Commissariat of Home Affairs

Bolshoy Gostiny Dvor

BOLSHOY GOSTINY DVOR (35 Nevsky Prospect), the largest commercial enterprise of St. Petersburg. The first plan for a Gostiny Dvor (effectively, a large scale trading market) on Nevsky Prospect was developed in the late 1750s by the architect A

College Buildings

COLLEGE BUILDINGS, group of college buildings including classes, workshops, library, assembly hall, recreation rooms, dormitories, etc. Among the first college buildings were the buildings of the Cadet Corps, Academy of Arts, Foster House

Commandant's Department (Ordonansgaus)

COMMANDANT'S DEPARTMENT (Ordonansgaus) (3 Sadovaya Street), architectural monument of late classicism, constructed in 1824-26 (architect А.А. Mikhailov, second project of K.I. Rossi)

Eliseevsky Shop

ELISEEVSKY SHOP (56 Nevsky Prospect / 8 Malaya Sadovaya Street) is the monument of architecture of Eclecticism and early Art Nouveau style. The main building housing a food store and a theatre lobby was built in 1902-03 (architect G. V

Fire Towers

FIRE TOWERS ('kalancha') are a trivial name for watchtowers, from which special watchmen watched for the inception of fires, beginnings of floods, etc. In St. Petersburg

Frunzensky Supermarket

FRUNZENSKY SUPERMARKET (60 Moskovsky Avenue) is a monument of architecture built in 1934-38 (architects E. I. Katonin, L. S. Katonin, E. M. Sokolov, K. L. Iogansen, engineer S. I

General Staff Building

GENERAL STAFF BUILDING (6-10 Dvortsovaya Embankment), architectural monument in the Empire style, in commemoration of Russia's victory in the Patriotic War of 1812 and the campaigns of 1813-14 against Emperor Napoleon I

German Embassy Building

GERMAN EMBASSY BUILDING (11/41 St. Isaac's Square), a monument of Neoclassical architecture. In the 1740s, a two-story stone building was constructed on this site, which belonged to Court Jeweller Kh.G. Hebelt (1760s - 1802). In 1815-20, architect V

Guardhouse (general article)

GUARDHOUSE (Gauptvahta, from German Haupt Wachte - main guard), a military prison for military administrative temporary confinement of servicemen for prejudicial conduct to military discipline

Hermitage Buildings (entry)

HERMITAGE BUILDINGS. Hermitages were compulsory for all large court estates such as Peterhof and Tsarskoe Selo built as detached pavilions for confidential meetings from the early 18th century

Hermitage Theatre

HERMITAGE THEATRE at 32 Dvortsovaya Embankment is a monument of 18th century architecture, is part of the complex of Hermitage buildings. It is the only 18th century theatre hall preserved in St. Petersburg

House of Four Colonnades

HOUSE OF FOUR COLONNADES (12 Sadovaya Street), a monument of Neoclassical architecture. Built in the 1750s-60s, supposedly to the design of architect A.F. Kokorin; the facades reconstructed in 1809-10 (architect S.P. Bernikov, L. Rusca)

Houses of Soviets (entry)

HOUSES OF SOVIETS. A new type of social (administrative) buildings, designed by Soviet architects to house local (district) government organs, including the executive committee of the district council (and services subjected to it)

Ice Palace

ICE PALACE (1 Pyatiletok Avenue). A sports structure opened on 18 October 2000. Built according to the plans by the Moscow Scientific Research Institute for Objects of Culture, Recreation, Sport, and Health

Industrial Architecture (entry)

INDUSTRIAL ARCHITECTURE. Construction of buildings for industrial purposes originally determined the appearance of St. Petersburg and its outskirts. The industrial style buildings included the Admiralty Shipyard, Partikulyarnaya Shipyard


KRONSHPITS (14a and 16 Shkipersky Channel), architectural monuments of the Petrine Baroque. Two small guard pavilions with lanterns ("beacon lights") and spires (flagpoles) were constructed about 1722 (architect D


KUNSTKAMMER (from German "Kunstkammer" - "chambers of curiosities, museum") (3 Universitetskaya Embankment). The oldest museum in Russia, was founded in 1714 based on the private collections of Peter the Great

Maneges (general article)

MANEGES, or riding-schools, (exerzirehaus), buildings with a large interior space, intended for troop drill exercises and cavalry dressage in fall and winter. Maneges were built in St

Market Buildings (entry)

1850 MARKET BUILDINGS of St. Petersburg. Climatic conditions of St. Petersburg led to appearance of covered trade rows. A number of stone market buildings were erected at the end of the 1780s

Meeting Houses (entry)

MEETING HOUSES (Meeting Yards), offices of private police officers, located in each of 12 police units. With organization in 1802-03 of regular firefighting service, the Meeting Houses also housed fire brigades headed by brand masters

Municipal Institutions Buildings (entry)

MUNICIPAL INSTITUTION BUILDINGS. Buildings intended to house various institutions (education committees, military enlistment, sanitary and medical committees); subject to the City Duma and City Government

New Holland

NEW HOLLAND (103 Moika River Embankment), a complex of storage facilities situated on the cognominal island (with an area of approximately 3 hectares), appearing in 1720 after the laying out of the Admiralty and Kryukov canals of the Moika River

New Passage

NEW PASSAGE (57 Liteiny Avenue), a modernist architectural monument. It was constructed in 1912-1913 (architect N.V. Vasilyev) on the territory of the garden of the Ekaterininsky Institute, comprising of two tiers for commercial premises

Officers' House

OFFICERS’ HOUSE (20 Liteyny Avenue), a cultural educational establishment of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defence, and professional military servicemen’s club. Founded in 1918 as the Red Army House, it was given the name of S.M

Palaces and Houses of Culture (entry)

PALACES AND HOUSES OF CULTURE, multifunctional club-type recreation centres, assigned to professional associations and factory workers' leisure organizations. They were established in Leningrad from the 1920s

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