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Entries / Petrozavod

Petrozavod


Categories / Economy/Industry

PETROZAVOD (2 Krasnogvardeiskaya Square), a former shipbuilding plant, founded around 1721 as Okhta Dockyard, known since 1803 as Okhta Admiralty, since 1913 - Petrozavod. Originally river vessels were built at the dockyard, since the late 18th century the plant started making large sailing ships. Kamchatka shallop, in which the expedition of V.M. Golovin made a voyage round the world (1817-19), and Vostok shallop, in which the expedition under the guidance of F.F. Belinsgausen and M.P. Putyatin made a journey to the Antarctic (1819-21), were built here. Pallada frigate, which made a round-the-world voyage under the command of E.V. Putyatin in 1852-55 (described by I.A. Goncharov) was launched in 1832. By the mid-19th century the plant mastered the production of ships with mechanical engines for the navy. Arkhimed frigate, the first large ship with a propeller engine and a steam turbine of 300 hp was constructed in 1848. A.A. Popov, M.A. Subbotin, I.A. Amosov and other shipbuilders worked at the plant. By the late 19th century the dockyard was leased to Kreiton and Co Finnish company, which built torpedo boats, and in 1905-08 - cruising submarines. In 1913 the dockyard was returned to the Treasury. After October 1917, nonself-propelled vessels were built there, since 1931 - towing hawsers, and since the late 1930s - sea trawlers for the Navy. In 1941-45 the plant produced shells for mines, bombs and missiles, river towing hawsers were re-equipped for military purposes. The plant manufactured vessels for the Road of Life (118 self-propelling cutters with displacement of 15-20 tons and 14 barges with the bearing capacity of up to 900 tons). Until 1973 the plant had built sea towing hawsers of various types (since 1965 they were exported). In 1976, after the reconstruction the plant began production of technological equipment for ship-building (assembling and welding machines, shipbuilding posts, and small-scale mechanisation devices). The plant joined Ritm Research and Development Association. There is a monument to the workers who fell in the Great Patriotic War on the territory of the plant (1970). In 1994 the plant was transformed into an open joint-stock company, but the plant nevertheless went bankrupt in 2001. After the reconstruction the Pallada Business Centre was built on the territory of the former plant.

References: Дмитриев Н. И., Колпычев В. В. Судостроительные заводы и судостроение в России и за границей. СПб., 1909; На стапелях под огнем. Л., 1986.

V. G. Avdeev.

Persons
Amosov Ivan Afanasievich
Bellinsgauzen Faddey Faddeevich
Golovina Varvara Nikolaevna, Countess
Golovnin Vasily Mikhailovich
Goncharov Ivan Alexandrovich
Lazarev Mikhail Petrovich
Popov Andrey Alexandrovich
Putyanin Evfimy (Efim) Vasilievich, Count
Subbotin M.A.

Addresses
Krasnogvardeiskaya Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2

Bibliographies
Дмитриев Н. И., Колпычев В. В. Судостроительные заводы и судостроение в России и за границей. СПб., 1909
На стапелях под огнем. Л., 1986

Chronograph
1720
1848


Nyenschantz

NYENSCHANTZ (the Swedish name for a fortification on the Neva; called Kantsy in Russian). A Swedish fortress and the town Nyen on the cape at the confluence of the Okhta River and the Neva River