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Entries / Fountains (entry)

Fountains (entry)

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments

FOUNTAINS. The first fountains in St. Petersburg were laid out at the beginning of the 18th century in the Summer Garden. In 1717, the first engine was ordered (engineer Desaguliers) for their water supply and in 1717-1721 Ligovsky Canal was dug. By the second part of the 18th century over 40 fountains functioned on the territory of the Summer Garden (all of them were destroyed by the flood of 1777 and were not restored). By 1917, there were about 300 fountains in St. Petersburg: in the gardens of the Anichkov and the Elagin Palaces, St. Alexander Nevsky Lavra, in city manors, on the facades of the buildings, in the yards and public gardens (few examples have survived). In 1935, a granite fountain with a mask of an old man was moved from Pulkovskoe Freeway to the public garden in front of the grille of the Kazan Cathedral. In 1950, the Neptune fountain was transferred to the Moscow Park of Victory (both fountains date back to 1809, architect J. F. Thomas de Thomon, craftsman G. Grauer). On Pulkovskoye Freeway the Grotto fountain has survived (1807, architect A.N. Voronikhin) and the four sphinxes (1808, architect Thomas de Thomon). On the facade of the house of P.N. Demidov at 43 Bolshaya Morskaya Street there is the Shell fountain (1836-1840, architect A.A. Montferrand, sculptor T.N. Jacques). In front of the main building of Army Medical College at 6 Akademika Lebedeva Street the Gigeya Fountain stands (1872-1873, sculptor D.I. Jensen): the statue is placed on a cast-iron vase with a granite boulder. The fountain with the figure of a naiad adorns the public garden of the mansion of F.K. San Galli at 62 Ligovsky Avenue (1870s, architect I.I. Gornostaev). At the end of the 19th century large fountains in the Alexandrovsky Garden were arranged - in front of the tower of the Main Admiralty (1877-1879, architects I.A. Merz, A. R. Geschwend), in front of the colonnade of Kazan Cathedral (1899-1900, craftsmen R.F. Katzer, P. I. Wiese), in the garden of the Winter Palace from the side of the Main Admiralty (1896-1901, architect R.G. Schmeling, craftsman R. Kuphaldt). Fountains by the Smolny (architects V.A. Shchuko, V.G. Gelfreich), the "monument to a dog" in the garden of Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Medicine at 12 Akademika Pavlova Street (artist-architect I.F. Bezpalov), fountains in the Necropolis of Art Masters at 1 Alexander Nevsky Square (architects L.A. Ilyin, E. N. Sandler) are typical of Stalin-classicism of the 1930s. One of the largest city fountains - Slava is in the Moskovsky Park of Victory (1950s): a pool with a central 12-metre stream, along the perimeter 24 tulip water jets is set. The fountain in the memory of the defenders of the Khanko Peninsula was constructed in 1941 at 11 Pestelya Street (1950s, architect V.A. Kamensky, A.A. Leyman). On the stadium named after S.M. Kirov multi-step cascades and a pool with a fountain decorate the front staircase (1980, architect A.G. Lelyakov). In the course of the creation of pedestrian zones in St. Petersburg centre fountains on Manezhnaya square, Clock-globe on Malaya Sadovaya Street, River of Time (with the sculpture of a boy) at Belinskogo Bridge and others appeared.

Reference: Раскин А. Г. Поэтичное украшение города: Продолжить традиции фонтанного искусства // СиАЛ. 1976. № 12. С. 38-43.

A. A. Alexeev.

Bezpalov Innokenty Fedorovich
Demidov Pavel Nikolaevich
Gelfreich Vladimir Georgievich
Geschwend Alexander Romanovich
Gornostaev Ivan Ivanovich
Grauer G.
Ilyin Lev Alexandrovich
Jacques Theodor Napoleon
Jensen David Ivanovich
Kamensky Valentin Alexandrovich
Katzer Rudolf Frantsevich
Kirov (real name Kostrikov) Sergey Mironovich
Kuphaldt R.
Lelyakov Alexey Grigorievich
Leyman Anna Aloizovna
Montferrand Auguste Augustovich (Henri Louis Auguste Leger Ricard de)
San Galli Franz Karlovich (Franz Friedrich Wilhelm)
Sandler E.N.
Schmeling Reingold Egorovich
Shchuko Vladimir Alexeevich
Thomas de Thomon Jean-Francois
Voronikhin Andrey Nikiforovich
Wiese Vladimir Ivanovich
Wiese Vladimir Ivanovich

Akademika Lebedeva St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 6
Akademika Pavlova St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 12
Alexander Nevsky Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 43
Ligovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 62
Malaya Sadovaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Manezhnaya Square/Saint Petersburg, city
Pestelya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 11

The subject Index
Anichkov Palace
Elagin Palace
Alexander Nevsky Lavra
Kazan Cathedral
Winter Palace
Smolny Institute
Necropolis of Artists