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Entries / Houses of Specialists (entry)

Houses of Specialists (entry)


Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Apartment Buildings

HOUSES OF SPECIALISTS. New buildings constructed after a decision taken by the city administration to transform Leningrad into the model socialist city. Houses of Specialists were constructed for workers from different branches of the economy, including city economy, science, and culture, and initially were designed in the Constructivist style. In 1929-1931, a residential centre was erected for the Union of Soviet Trade Workers at 55 Kamennoostrovsky Avenue (architects E.A. Levinson, A.M. Sokolov). In 1931-1935, an apartment house for the Leningrad Council was erected (13 Karpovka River Embankment; architects E.A. Levinson, I.I. Fomin). In the 1920s-30s, projects with greater capacities for mass-settlement of new residents called for larger buildings with a higher number of floors, and forced the development of municipal services for different city districts (architects G.A. Simonov, B.R. Rubanenko, T.D. Katzenelenbogen, M.E. Rusakov). In 1934-1937, a building of the same type was erected on the corner of Bolshaya Monetnaya Street and Leo Tolstoy Street (architects V.O. Munz, O.V. Suslova). At that very time, the House of Specialists at 61 Lesnoy Avenue was erected (architect G.A. Simonov), as was the Foreign Shock Worker House at 37 Kronverksky Avenue (architects V.O. Munz, L.E. Ass), The House of Art Workers at 14 Kamennoostrovsky Avenue, and a building at 4 Malaya Posadskaya Street for the cinema studio Leningrad Film (both by the architect D.G. Fomichev). The architectural ensemble at 69-71 Kamennoostrovsky Avenue included the House for Members of the Institute of Experimental Medicine, designed in the style of Neoclassicism (architects N.E. Lansere, A.F. Ryumin). In 1938, the House for the Technical Engineering Workers of the Svir Construction was completed at 84-86 Maly Avenue on the Petrogradskaya Side (architect I.G. Yavein), becoming one of the last buildings in Leningrad built in the Constructivist style. In the early 1950s, the House of Textiles at 79 Moskovsky Avenue was completed (it was started in 1938 according to designs by architect L.A. Ilyin). Houses of Specialists are marked by a bright individuality evident in the architectural choices, and contribute considerably to the city's appearance.

V. G. Isachenko.

Persons
Ass Leonid Evgenievich
Fomichev Demyan Galaktionovich
Fomin Igor Ivanovich
Ilyin Lev Alexandrovich
Katzenelenbogen Tamara Davydovna
Lansere Nikolay Evgenievich
Levinson Evgeny Adolfovich
Munz Vladimir Oskarovich
Rubanenko Boris Rafailovich
Rusakov Mikhail Efimovich
Ryumin Alexander Fedorovich
Simonov Grigory Alexandrovich
Sokolov Alexander Mikhailovich
Suslova Olga Vladimirovna
Yavein Igor Georgievich

Addresses
Bolshaya Monetnaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 71
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 14
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 55
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 69
Karpovka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 13
Kronverksky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 37
Leo Tolstoy St./Saint Petersburg, city
Lesnaya Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 61
Malaya Posadskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
Maly Ave of Petrogradskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 84
Maly Ave of Petrogradskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 86
Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 79


Bonch-Bruevich M.A., (1888-1940), radio technician

BONCH-BRUEVICH Mikhail Alexandrovich (1888-1940, Leningrad), radio technician, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1931). Graduated from the Nikolaevsky Engineering School (1909) and the Military Electrotechnical School in

Khlopin V.G., (1890-1950), radiochemist

KHLOPIN Vitaly Grigorievich (1890-1950, Leningrad), radiochemist, Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR from 1939. He graduated from Hettingen University and Petersburg University in 1911 and 1912, respectively

Lesnoy Avenue

LESNOY AVENUE, from Akademika Lebedeva Street to Institutsky Lane, joining the Finlyandsky Railway Station with the Lesnoy District. The street was laid in the 19th century; until 1913, the avenue