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Entries / Jewish Cemetery

Jewish Cemetery

Categories / City Services/Cemeteries (see also Architecture and Urban Planning)
Categories / Architecture/Cemeteries (see also Municipal Economy)

JEWISH Cemetery (66а Alexandrovskoy Fermy Avenue), in the Nevsky Region, close to Obukhovo Railway Station. Its area is about 27.4 hectares. It was opened in 1875 as a Jewish section of Preobrazhenskoe Cemetery, organized by the city authorities for people of all religions (Orthodox part is situated beyond the railway embankment), earlier, (since 1802) the Jewish part was situated at Volkovskoe Lutheran Cemetery. The Jewish Cemetery with a complex of buildings became the spiritual and cultural centre of the St. Petersburg Jewish community. By its opening, a wooden preaching house for ablution and burial service was constructed (reconstructed in stone in 1908-09, architect Y.G. Gevirtz). On old tombs one finds Jewish symbolism: the Star of David, Kohen's hands, menorah, Torah scrolls, tables of the covenant, the tree of lament. Many of the monuments were designed by famous architects (A.V. Malov, M.B. Kvart, B.I. Girshovich).The so-called Holy Brotherhood was in charge of the burials according to the old ritual. Jewish Cemetery had special rules. It had a permanent supervisor (shamash) and an architect. Among those buried hare are railway entrepreneur and public figure S.S. Polyakov, publisher and Maecenas baron D.G. Ginzburg, sculptor M.M. Antokolsky, revolutionary V.K. Slutskaya, historian M.S. Altman, pianist A.N. Kobylyansky, collector M.S. Lesman, translator T.I. Silman, architect M.A. Khidekel, founder of the Tuberculosis Institute A.Y. Sternberg. There are beds of honour for sailors of the Baltic Fleet, perished during the Great Patriotic War, and citizens who died in the Siege of Leningrad.

Reference: Лукин В. М. Еврейское кладбище // Исторические кладбища Петербурга: Справ.-путеводитель. СПб., 1993. С. 450-465.

A. A. Alexeev.

Altman Moisei Semenovich
Altman Natan Isaevich
Antokolsky Mark Matveevich
Gevirtz Yakov Germanovich
Ginzburg David Goratsievich
Girshovich Boris Ionovich
Khidekel Mordukh Aronovich
Kobylyansky Alexsey Nikolaevich
Kvart Mikhail Borisovich
Lesman Moisei Semenovich
Malov Alexsey Vasilievich
Polyakov Samuil Solomonovich
Silman Tamara Isaakovna
Slutskaya Vera Klementievna (Berta Bronislavovna)
Sternberg Abram Yakovlevich

Alexandrovskoy Fermy Passage/Saint Petersburg, city, house 66, litera л. А

Лукин В. М. Еврейское кладбище // Исторические кладбища Петербурга: Справ.-путеводитель. СПб., 1993

The subject Index
Siege of 1941-44


Alexandrovskoe, region

ALEXANDROVSKOE, an area to the south-east of St. Petersburg, confined by Zaporozhskaya Street, Moskovskaya Line of Oktyabrskaya Railway, Alexandrovskoy Fermy Avenue, Novo-Alexandrovskaya Street and the Neva River

Antokolsky M.M., (1843-1902), sculptor

ANTOKOLSKY Mark Matveevich (1843-1902), sculptor. Lived in St. Petersburg from 1862-71, in Italy from 1871 to 1877, and in Paris from 1877. Studied at the Academy of Arts under N.S. Pimenova (1862-68; academician since 1871)

Cemeteries (entry)

CEMETERIES. Even before the foundation of St. Petersburg there were several necropolises on the location of the future city: the records of the beginning of the 18th century indicate a Finnish-Swedish cemetery at Elagin (Aptekarsky) Island

Ginzburg Family, bankers, entrepreneurs

GINZBURG FAMILY, bankers, entrepreneurs, public figures. Progenitor Evzel Gabrielovich Ginzburg (1812-78), first-guild merchant from Vitebsk and hereditary honorary citizen, opened a banking house in St

Ginzburg I.Y., (1859-1939), sculptor

Ginzburg Ilya Yakovlevich (1859, St. Petersburg - 1939), sculptor. Pupil, then friend of M.M. Antokolsky from 1871. Lived in St. Petersburg from 1872. Studied at the Academy of Arts (1878-86). In 1911 became a member of the academy


JEWS, an ethnic community within the St. Petersburg population. Hebrew is related to the Semitic group of Afrasian languages, Yiddish (was spread throughout the majority of eastern Russia) is related to the Germanic group of Indo-European family of


OBUKHOVO, a landmark in southwest of Saint Petersburg, between Sofiyskaya Street, Alexandrovskoy Fermy Avenue, the Moskovskaya railway line and the Yuzhnoe railway semi-circle

Sidlin Osip Abramovich (1909-1972), artist

SIDLIN Osip Abramovich (1909-1972, Leningrad), painter, pedagogue. He graduated from the Leningrad School of Arts (1930), studied in the Highest Artistic and Technical Institute under Alexander Osmerkin and Alexander Savinov

Sternberg L.Y., (1861-1927), ethnographer

STERNBERG Lev (Haim) Yakovlevich (1861-1927, Duderhof now renamed as the settlement of Mozhaysky, Leningrad Region), an ethnographer, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1924