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Entries / Necropolis of the18th Century

Necropolis of the18th Century


Categories / Science. Education/Museums
Categories / Architecture/Cemeteries (see also Municipal Economy)

NECROPOLIS OF THE 18TH CENTURY (before 1939, the Lazarevskoe Cemetery), memorial necropolis, part of the City Sculpture Museum (from 1932) on the territory of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. Its square takes up 0.7 hectares. Many of Peter the Great's associates were buried there in the late 1710s, including Field Marshal B.P. Sheremetev, General A. Weide, and Court Physician R. Areskin. Originally, burials took place at the wooden Holy Annunciation Church (1713, rebuilt in the 1750s, torn down in 1789) and the Lazarevskaya Burial Vault (hence the former cemetery name). Among those buried at the necropolis are academics M.V. Lomonosov, L. Euler, V.E. Adodurov and S.P. Krasheninnikov; Admiral V.Y. Chichagov; playwrights D.I. Fonvizin and Y.B. Knyazhnin; architects I.E. Starov, A.N. Voronikhin, G. Quarenghi, J.F. Thoma de Thomon, A.D. Zakharov and K.I. Rossi; military engineer A.A. Bethencourt; statesmen A.S. Stroganov, N.S. Mordvinov, M.N. Muravyev and S.Y. Witte; and members of many noble families, including Beloselsky-Belozersky, Trubetskoy and Volkonsky families of princes, the Naryshkin noble family, the former merchant family of the Demidov, and the Yakovlev, et al. Alexander Pushkin's widow, N.N. Lanskaya (1812-63), was buried in the north section of the necropolis. The necropolis came under the responsibility of the St. Petersburg Society in 1922, and was named a memorial necropolis in 1932. Its first guardian was historian N.V. Uspensky. Over a thousand gravestones have been preserved, including ones made by I.P. Martos, M.I. Kozlovsky, V.I. Demut-Malinovsky, Voronikhin, F.P. Tolstoy, and other masters.

Reference: see The City Sculpture Museum and Alexander-Nevsky Lavra.

Y. M. Piryutko.

Persons
Adodurov Vasily Evdokimovich
Areskin Robert
Bethencourt Avgustin Avgustinovich
Chichagov Vasily Yakovlevich
Demut-Malinovsky Vasily Ivanovich
Euler Leonhard
Fonvizin Denis Ivanovich
KnyazhninYakov Borisovich
Kozlovsky Mikhail Ivanovich
Krasheninnikov Stepan Petrovich
Lanskaya N.N. (see Pushkina Natalia Nikolaevna)
Lomonosov Mikhail Vasilievich
Martos Ivan Petrovich
Mordvinov Nikolay Semenovich, Count
Muravyev Mikhail Nikolaevich
Peter I, Emperor
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Quarenghi Giacomo
Rossi Carl Ivanovich (Carlo Giovanni)
Sheremetev Boris Petrovich, Count
Starov Ivan Egorovich
Stroganov Alexander Sergeevich, Count
the Beloselsky-Belozerskys
the Demidovs
the Naryshkins
the Trubetskoys
the Volkonskys, Dukes
the Yakovlevs
Thomas de Thomon Jean-Francois
Tolstoy Fedor Petrovich
Uspensky Nikolay Viktorovich
Voronikhin Andrey Nikiforovich
Weide Adam
Witte Sergey Yulievich, Count
Zakharov Andreyan (Adrian) Dmitrievich

Bibliographies
см. при ст. Городской скульптуры музей и Александро-Невская лавра.

The subject Index
Museum of City Sculpture
Alexander Nevsky Lavra
Lazarevskaya Burial Vault


Alexander Nevsky Lavra

ALEXANDER NEVSKY LAVRA, located at 1 Alexander Nevsky Square. The monastery dedicated to the Holy Trinity and St. Alexander Nevsky. It was founded in 1710 by Tsar Peter the Great at the confluence of the Chernaya River (today the Monastyrka River)

Bethencourt A. A. (1758-1824), engineer.

BETHENCOURT Augustin Augustinovich (Augustin) (1758-1824, St. Petersburg), mechanical engineer, constructor, Lieutenant General (1809). Native of Spain. From 1808, he was in Russian service, from 1809

Borovikovsky V.L. (1757-1825), painter

BOROVIKOVSKY Vladimir Lukich (1757-1825, St. Petersburg), painter. Lived in St. Petersburg from 1788. He was a student of D. G. Levitsky and I. B. Lampi the Elder from 1792. A member of the Academy of Arts from 1795 and an advisor from 1802

Cemeteries (entry)

CEMETERIES. Even before the foundation of St. Petersburg there were several necropolises on the location of the future city: the records of the beginning of the 18th century indicate a Finnish-Swedish cemetery at Elagin (Aptekarsky) Island

Demut-Malinovsky V.I., (1779-1846), sculptor

DEMUT-MALINOVSKY Vasily Ivanovich (1779 - 1846, St. Petersburg), sculptor. Studied at the Academy of Arts (1785-1800) under M.I. Kozlovsky, and received a retainer from the Academy of Arts to study in Rome (1803-06)

Kozlovsky M.I., (1753-1802), sculptor

KOZLOVSKY Mikhail Ivanovich (1753 - 1802, St. Petersburg), sculptor, representative of Classicism. Studied at the Academy of Arts from 1764 until 1773 under N.F. Gillet and A.P. Losenko, and became a member in 1794

Martos I.P., (1754-1835), sculptor

MARTOS Ivan Petrovich (1754-1835, St. Petersburg), sculptor, follower of Classicism. Studied at the Academy of Arts (1764-73) under L. Rolland and N.F. Gillet, and received a retainer from the Academy of Arts to study in Italy (1774-1790

Museum of City Sculpture

MUSEUM OF CITY SCULPTURE, State Museum of City Sculpture (STCS) (179/2 Nevsky Prospect) was organised in 1939 with the aim to keep records, provide protection and carry out restoration of major monuments

Nartov A.K. (1693 -1756), mechanic

NARTOV Andrey Konstantinovich (1693-1756, St. Petersburg), mechanic. Worked at the Moscow Mint for the artillery department. In 1712, he settled in St. Petersburg, becoming Tsar Peter the Great's private lathe operator

Necropolis of Artists

NECROPOLIS OF ARTISTS (in 1823-76, the New Lazarevskoe Cemetary; in 1876-1937, the Tikhvinskoe Cemetery). Memorial Necropolis Park included in 1937 in the City Sculpture Museum. Its square takes up 1.2 hectares

Quarenghi G. (1744-1817), architect

QUARENGHI Giacomo (1744-1817), architect, representative of Neoclassicism. Native of Italy. From 1761 (according to the other data sources, from 1763) studied painting and architecture in Rome. At the end of 1779, he came to St

Razumovsky Family

RAZUMOVSKY FAMILY, nobles and counts (from 1744) of Malorussian origin, known from the second half of the 17th century, rising to fame in the mid-18th century. Alexey Grigorievich Razumovsky (1709-71, St

Rossi C.I. (1775-1849), architect

ROSSI Carl Ivanovich (Carlo Giovanni) (1775-1849, St. Petersburg), architect. The son of the court ballerina G. Lepik. Graduated from the Peterschule in St. Petersburg, apprenticed architecture with V

Shchedrin F.F. (1751-1825), sculptor

SHCHEDRIN Feodosy Fedorovich (1751, St. Petersburg - 1825), sculptor, brother of S. F. Shchedrin and father of painter Silvester Shchedrin (1791-1830) and architect A. F. Shchedrin. He was N. F

Shchedrin S.F. (1745-1804), artist

SHCHEDRIN Semen Fedorovich (1745, St. Petersburg - 1804, the same place), painter, F. F. Shchedrin's brother. He was a student of the Academy of Arts in 1759-67 and its retainer in Germany, Holland, France, and Italy in 1767-76

Shubin F. I. (1740-1805), sculptor

SHUBIN (Shubnoy till 1761) Fedot Ivanovich (1740-1805, St. Petersburg), a sculptor. He lived in St. Petersburg from 1759. He was a student in the Academy of Arts in 1761-67, a retainer thereof in Paris in 1767-70 and Rome in 1770-72

Starov I.E. (1744-1808), architect

STAROV Ivan Egorovich (1745-1808, St. Petersburg), architect, city-planner, one of the founders of Russian Neoclassicism. Resided in St. Petersburg from 1758. Graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts (1762). Apprenticed with architect C

Thomas de Thomon J.-F. (1760-1813), architect

THOMAS DE THOMON Jean Francois (1760-1813, St. Petersburg), architect, graphic artist of French descent, representative of mature Neoclassicism. Studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Paris and Rome (1780s)

Tolstoy F.P., (1783-1873), sculptor

TOLSTOY Fedor Petrovich (1783 - 1873, St. Petersburg), Count, medalist, drawer and painter, Privy Counsellor (1846). Graduated from the Marine Cadet Corps in 1802, served in the fleet, retired in 1804

Zakharov A.D. (1761-1811), architect.

ZAKHAROV Andreyan (Adrian) Dmitrievich (1761 - 1811, St. Petersburg), architect, representative of Neoclassicism. In 1767-82, he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts under the supervision of Y.M. Felten and A.A