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Entries / Morskaya Bolshaya Street

Morskaya Bolshaya Street


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Streets

MORSKAYA BOLSHAYA STREET (in 1920-93 - Herzen Street, after A.I. Herzen), located from the General Staff Arch to Kryukov Canal. It was constructed in the early 18th century, in Morskaya settlement (hence the name). Until the middle of 18th century, the section up to Nevsky Prospect, with only its left side built up, remained a part of Bolshaya Lugovaya Street that ran from Millionnaya Street to Nevsky Prospect. In the 1760s, its right side was built up. In 1834, this lot was added to Morskaya Bolshaya Street. After fires of 1736-37, the main part of the street from Nevsky Prospect towards St. Isaac's Square was called Bolshaya Gostinaya (Gostinnaya) Street due to the project of Gostiny Dvor construction (has not been implemented). In 1755-67, the street between Nevsky Prospect and Kirpichny Lane was blocked up with the temporary wooden Winter Palace. In the early 19th century, the name Morskaya Bolshaya Street again became firmly established. In the second half of the 18th century, the informal name of the ground beyond St. Isaac's Square was Malaya Morskaya Street. When the system of numbering was introduced, buildings beyond Pochtamtsky Lane got numbers along Moika River Embankment. This lot was again added to Bolshaya Morskaya Street in 1887. In 1902, on account of Morskaya Malaya Street renamed Gogolya Street, the whole street was referred to as Morskaya. Building 61 was the mansion of M.V. Lomonosov (1750-60s, reconstructed in the 1840s by architect A.K. Cavos). Alexander Pushkin lived in Building 26 in 1832, A.I. Herzen lived in Building 25 in 1840. Buildings 3-5 are the former building of the Azovsko-Donskoy Bank (1908-13, architect F.I. Lidval), Building 12 is the former house of Kotomin, Building 14 was owned by the Eliseevs since the middle of the 19th century, Building 11 was the private house of architect P.P. Jacot (1830s), Building 15 is the former Russian Commercial and Industrial Bank (1912-14, architect M.M. Peretyatkovich), Building 18 was being built in the 1910s for Russian Bank for Foreign Commerce (architect L.N. Benois and Lidval), complete in the 1930s (architects L.V. Rudnev, Y.O. Svirsky) for the Textile Institute (today Technology and Design University), Building 24 belonged to Faberge firm (1899, architect K.K Schmidt), today it houses Yakhont Jeweller's. Buildings 35 (1907, architects A.A. Gimpel, V.V. Ilyashev) and 37 (1898, architects L.N. Benois, S.Y. Levi) were owned by Russia insurance society, Building 38 belonged to Arts Encouragement Fund (1890s, architect I.S. Kitner), building 40 - to the First Russian Insurance Society (1899-1901, architect L.N. Benois; today Architectural and Construction College). Buildings 42 and 44 were occupied by Ministry of State Property (1844-53, architect N.E. Efimov; today Plant Cultivation Institute), Building 41 - the house of German Embassy, Building 43 (1836-40) and 45 (1835-40) were the property of Ural factory owner P.N. Demidov (architect A.A. Montferrand), Building 47 belonged to the Nabokov Family (1898-1902, architects F.M. Geissler, V.F. Guslisty, today it houses the Museum of V.V. Nabokov), building 52 belonged to the Polovtsovs (see the house of Polovtsov; today - the House of Architect). Building 58 is the German Reformed Church, Building 39 – the Astoria Hotel; Building 45 is the House of Composers, Building 67 - the former Officers' Corps of Horse Guards Regiment (1844-49, architect I.D. Chernik; today University of Aerospace Instrumentation).

Reference: Бройтман Л. И., Краснова Е. И. Большая Морская. СПб., 1996.

E. I. Krasnova.

Persons
Benois Leonty Nikolaevich
Cavos Albert Katarinovich
Chernik Ivan Denisovich
Demidov Pavel Nikolaevich
Efimov Nikolay Efimovich
Faberge Сarl Gustavovich
Geissler Mikhail Fedorovich
Gimpel Alexander Alexandrovich
Guslisty Boris Fedorovich
Herzen Alexander Ivanovich
Ilyashev Vasily Viktorovich
Jacot Pavel Petrovich
Kitner Ieronim Sevastianovich
Kotomin K.B.
Levi Grigory (Sigfried) Yakovlevich
Lidval Fedor (Iogan Friedrich) Ivanovich
Lomonosov Mikhail Vasilievich
Montferrand Auguste Augustovich (Henri Louis Auguste Leger Ricard de)
Nabokov Vladimir Vladimirovich
Peretyatkovich Marian Marianovich
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Rudnev Lev Vladimirovich
Schmidt Karl Karlovich
Svirsky Yakov Osipovich
the Eliseevs
the Nabokovs
the Polovtsovs

Addresses
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 5
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 44
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 58
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 61
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 52
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 42
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 18
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 14
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 38
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 45
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 43
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 41
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 15
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 37
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 40
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 12
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 35
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 3
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 39
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 67
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 11
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 25
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 47
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 26
Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 24
Kirpichny Lane/Saint Petersburg, city
Malaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Millionnaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Moika River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city
Pochtamtsky Lane/Saint Petersburg, city
St.Isaac's Square/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Бройтман Л. И., Краснова Е. И. Большая Морская. СПб., 1996

The subject Index
Azovsko-Donskoy Commercial Bank
House of Kotomin
Russian Bank of Commerce and Industry
Russian Bank for Foreign Trade
State University of Technology and Design, St. Petersburg
Society for the Encouragement of the Arts
Ministry of Agriculture
Vavilov Research Institute of Cultivation
German Embassy Building
Nabokov Museum
Polovtsov, House of
St. Peter’s German Reformed Church
Astoria Hotel
University of Aerospace Technology, St. Petersburg State