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Entries / Bolshoy Avenue of Petrogradskaya Side

Bolshoy Avenue of Petrogradskaya Side


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Avenues

BOLSHOY AVENUE OF PETROGRADSKAYA SIDE, in the 18th century - Bolshaya Road, Bolshaya Garnizonnaya Road, Bolshaya Ofitserskaya Street, in 1919-44 - K. Libknekhta Avenue. It lies between Dobrolyubova Avenue and Karpovka River Embankment. The avenue was laid in 1730s as a road through settlements of Yamburgsky Regiment, Koporsky Regiment, St. Petersburg Regiment, and Belozersky Regiment (hence the former names translated as Main Harrison Road and Main Officer Road). The first stretch was built as far as Zverinskaya Street in 1830s and the last one from Kamennoostrovsky Avenue in 1909-10. Tuchkov Buyan Complex was erected at 1a Bolshoy Avenue in 1763-72. House 11 built in 1827 accommodated a police department. House 37 built for Vvedenskaya Gymnasium in the early 19th century and rebuilt by architect E. I. Martynov in 1837. It accommodated a vocational technical school from 1950s. Demolished in the 1990s, the building was restored as a hotel in 2003. Most buildings were constructed between the late 19th century and the early 20th century. Among them is house 44 built by architect I. A. Pretro in 1906-07; house 75 built by architect K. I. Rosenstein in 1913-15 with facades by A. E. Belogrud; house 79 built by architect S. S. Korvin-Krukovsky in 1910; and house 102 built by architect E. I. Gonkiewicz in 1912-15 with facades by architect Belogrud. The avenue is full with business offices, banks, stores, small theatres, and cinemas. Horse trams started running through the avenue in 1860. Trams operated from 1908 and trolleybuses from 1947. In the post-war period, house 27 was built by architect Y. N. Lukin, house 32-36 by architects A. I. Knyazev and V. M. Fromzel, and house 67 by architect K. A. Gerber. V. I. Lenin's bust was placed in 1957 and a monument to N. A. Dobrolyubov was erected in 1959. Among avenue residents were sinologist V. M. Alexeev who lived in house 1 in 1913-25, philologist and Slavicist M. R. Vasmer who lived in house 4 in 1910s, and artist A. I. Savinov and poet N. S. Tikhomirov who lived in house 5 in 1922-42. Poet A. A. Blok studied in Vvedenskaya Gymnasium in 1891-96. Y. A. Gagarin, who later became the first man in space, had practical training at the vocational technical school that was situated in the same building in 1955. Microbiologist and Member of the Academy V. I. Ioffe lived in house 49 in 1930s. Artist N. A. Tyrsa lived in house 57 in 1914. Revolutionary poet A. A. Vermishev resided in house 69 in 1903-19.

Reference: Привалов В. Д. Большой проспект Петроградской стороны // БА. 1972. № 26. С. 39-49.

G. Y. Nikitenko.

Persons
Alexeev Vasily Mikhailovich
Belogrud Andrey Evgenievich
Blok G.P.
Dobrolyubov Nikolay Alexandrovich
Fromzel Viktor Matveevich
Gagarin Yury Alexeevich
Gonkiewicz Evgeny Iosifovich
Herber Klara Alexandrovna
Ioffe Vladimir Ilyich
Knyazev Alexander Ivanovich
Korvin-Krukovsky Sergey Sergeevich
Lenin (real name Ulyanov) Vladimir Ilyich
Liebknecht Karl
Lukin Yakov Nikolaevich
Martynov Evgraf Ivanovich
Pretro Ippolit Alexandrovich
Razumovsky Vasily Flegontovich
Rosenstein Konstantin Isaevich
Savinov Alexander Ivanovich
Tikhonov Nikolay Semenovich
Tyrsa Nikolay Andreevich
Vasmer Max
Vermishev Alexander Alexandrovich

Addresses
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 37
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 49
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 44
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 32/36
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 102
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 67
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 5
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 77
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 75
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 11
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 1, litera л. А
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 69
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 57
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 79
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 27
Dobroliubova Avenue/Saint Petersburg, city
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city
Karpovka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city
Zverinskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Привалов В. Д. Большой проспект Петроградской стороны // Блокнот агитатора, 1972