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Entries / Ministry of Justice

Ministry of Justice


Categories / Capital/Superior and Central State Institutions

MINISTRY OF JUSTICE, one of the Russian Empire's central public institutions. Established on 8 September 1802 on the basis of the Collegium of Justice, and reached a final structure in 1811. The Ministry was headed by the Minister (assigned at the same time as the Senate Procurator General), and was comprised of one Department (two from 1890), an Office (merged in 1892 with the Second Department), the Land-Surveying Administration Board (from 1870) and the Chief Prison Administration (from 1895). The Ministry of Justice also included the Jurisprudence College, the Konstantinovsky Land Surveying Institute in Moscow, and the Senate Archives and Printing Office. In St. Petersburg, the Ministry of Justice was primarily located at 25 Italyanskaya Street (formerly the Procurator General Prince A.A. Vyazemsky Palace; 1753-55, architect S.I. Chevakinsky), and at 4 Liteiny Avenue (the St. Petersburg Judicial Board and the St. Petersburg District Court). The Ministry was abolished after October 1917 (some ministry departments functioned until 1918), and served as the basis for the People's Commissariat of Justice.

References: Министерство юстиции за сто лет, 1802-1902: Ист. очерк. СПб., 1902; Ефремова Н. Н. Министерство юстиции Российской империи, 1802-1917 гг.: Историко-правовое исслед. М., 1983; Высшие и центральные государственные учреждения России, 1801-1917 гг. СПб., 2001. Т. 2.

D. N. Shilov.

Persons
Chevakinsky Savva Ivanovich
Vyazemsky Alexander Alexeevich, Duke

Addresses
Italyanskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 25
Liteiny Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4

Bibliographies
Министерство юстиции за сто лет, 1802-1902: Ист. очерк. СПб., 1902
Ефремова Н. Н. Министерство юстиции Российской империи, 1802-1917 гг.: Историко-правовое исслед. М., 1983
Высшие и центральные государственные учреждения России, 1801-1917 гг. СПб., 1998

The subject Index
Senate
Law School


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APUKHTIN Alexey Nikolaevich (1840-1893, St. Petersburg), poet, prose writer. He graduated from The Law School (1859, schoolmate of P.I. Tchaikovsky), then he served in the Ministry of Justice (until 1862)

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Koni A.F. (1844-1927), lawyer, public figure

KONI Anatoly Fedorovich (1844, St Petersburg 1927, Leningrad), lawyer, statesman, man of letters, Actual Privy Counsellor (1910); Doctor of Law (1890), Honorary Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1900)

Krasovsky M.V. (1851-1911), entrepreneur, public and political figure

KRASOVSKY Mikhail Vasilievich (1851-1911), public and political figure, entrepreneur, privy counsellor (1893). Graduated from the Faculty of Law of Kiev University (1871), from 1872 in St

Ossovsky А.V., (1871-1957), music theorist

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Pobedonostsev K.P. (1827-1907), statesman

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Poselyanin (Pogozhev E.N.), (1870-1931) spiritual writer

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Serov A.N., (1820-1871), composer

SEROV Alexander Nikolaevich (1820 - 1871, St. Petersburg), composer, music critic, father of artist V.A. Serov. Graduated from the Legal School (1840), where he befriended V.V. Stasov

Shuvalov Palace

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Tchaikovsky P.I., (1840-1893), composer

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Tol S.A. (1848-1918), Civilian Governor

TOL Sergey Alexandrovich (1848, St. Petersburg 1918), Count, statesman, Chief Chasseur Meister (1914). On graduating from the College of Jurisprudence in St. Petersburg (1870) he served in the Ministry of justice

Utin Y. I. (1839-1916), entrepreneur

UTIN Yakov Isaakovich (1839-1916), entrepreneur, Privy Counsellor. Graduating from St. Petersburg University with a major in law in 1860, he served in the Department of Justice and was promoted to serve as the Director of the Department