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Entries / St. Petersburg Museum of History

St. Petersburg Museum of History

Categories / Science. Education/Museums

STATE ST. PETERSBURG MUSEUM OF HISTORY was established in 1938 as the Museum of History and Development of Leningrad. It is a successor of the City Museum and of the Old St. Petersburg Museum. It was called the Leningrad Museum of History in 1955-91. Rumyantsev's House was given to the museum in 1938. The collections were evacuated to Sarapul at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45. In 1953, the funds were supplemented with the materials of the abolished Museum of Leningrad Defence (see the Leningrad Defence and Blockade Museum). Since 1954, Peter and Paul Fortress has been managed by the museum. In 1955, the museum opened the first part of the exhibition on the History of St. Petersburg-Petrograd-Leningrad in 1703-1917. The first full historical exhibitions appeared in 1957, during the celebration of the 250th anniversary of Leningrad. The halls dedicated to the heroic defence of Leningrad in 1941-44 were opened in Rumyantsev House in the same year. The renovated exhibition on History of St. Petersburg-Petrograd 1703-1917 was opened in the Commandant's House in December 1975. This exhibition included exhibits telling about the foundation of St. Petersburg and about its history as the Russian capital. In 1965, Oreshek Fortress became a branch of the museum. In 1980; the Museum Apartment of Alexander Blok (57 Dekabristov Street) also became a branch of the museum. In 1971, the exhibition Architecture of St. Petersburg-Petrograd in the 18th - beginning of the 20th centuries was opened in the Engineers' House of Ss. Peter-and-Paul Fortress. In 1973, the memorial exhibition on History of Soviet Rocket Building was opened in the building of Ioann Ravelin. The funds of the museum contained over 1 million objects in 2002, including the collection of plans of St. Petersburg of the 18th -20th centuries, original drafts by St. Petersburg architects, numerous documents, photos, furniture, pieces of arts and crafts, etc. In 2001, the exhibition entitled New Economic Policy, dedicated to the events of the middle of the 1920s was opened in Rumyantsev House. The museum publishes Regional Studies Notes and Works.

References: Степанов С. Д. Крепость и люди // Музей и город. СПб., 1993. С. 37-41. (Арс; № 2); Павелкина А. М. От Музея Старого Петербурга к Государственному музею истории Санкт-Петербурга // Тр. Гос. Музея истории С.-Петербурга: Исслед. и материалы. СПб., 1997. Вып. 2. С. 9-17; Музеи Санкт-Петербурга и Ленинградской области: Справ. СПб., 2002; Государственный музей истории Санкт-Петербурга: Новые поступления, 1992-2002: Кат. выст. СПб., 2003.

O. A. Chekanova.

Blok G.P.
Rumyantsev Nikolay Petrovich, Count

Dekabristov St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 57
Петропавловская крепость

Степанов С. Д. Крепость и люди // Музей и город. СПб., 1993
Музеи Санкт-Петербурга и Ленинградской области: Справ. СПб., 2002
Павелкина А. М. От Музея Старого Петербурга к Государственному музею истории Санкт-Петербурга // Тр. Гос. музея истории С.-Петербурга: Исслед. и материалы. СПб., 1997

The subject Index
City Museum
Museum of Old Petersburg
Leningrad Defence and Blockade Museum
St. Peter and Paul fortress
Commandant's House
Shlisselburg Fortress.
Blok's Memorial Flat


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