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Entries / Kronverk (Crownwork)

Kronverk (Crownwork)


Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Fortresses and Forts

KRONVERK (crownwork), the outer ground fortification of the St. Peter and Paul Fortress. It was built in the southern part of present-day Petrogradsky Island in 1705-08, reconstructed in 1752 (engineer A.P. Hannibal) and 1800 (engineer P.P. Berg). Crownwork consisted of a bastion and two semi-bastions, joined with curtain walls, and surrounded by a water moat and an outer rampart. Crownwork was linked with the fortress by a bridge, and armed with 20-45 guns. On 13 July 1826, five participants of the Decembrists' conspiracy were hanged on the eastern rampart of Kronverk (in 1975, an obelisk was installed on the supposed site of execution). In 1838, Crownwork was excluded from the fortress. In 1849-60 it was rebuilt, Alexandrovsky Garden was set where the rampart used to be, and the stone building of the Arsenal was erected inside Crownwork (architect P.I. Tamansky). In 1868, the Artillery Museum (today, Military Historical Museum of artillery, engineer troops and signals troops) was placed there. Kronverk gave name to Kronverksky Canal, Kronverksky Bridge, Kronverksky Avenue and Kronverkskaya Embankment.

G. V. Kalashnikov.

Persons
Berg P.P.
Gannibal Abram (Ibrahim) Petrovich
Tamansky Peter Ivanovich

The subject Index
St. Peter and Paul fortress
St. Peter and Paul fortress
Military Historical Museum of the Artillery, Engineering and Signal Corps

Chronograph
1706
1826
1860
1975


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