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Entries / Kamennoostrovsky Avenue

Kamennoostrovsky Avenue


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Avenues

KAMENNOOSTROVSKY AVENUE, located between Troitskaya Square and the Bolshaya Nevka River Embankment. The main thoroughfare joining the city centre and the Petrogradskaya Side with Aptekarsky Island and Kamenny Island, and over the Ushakovsky Bridge with the Chernaya Rechka area on the Bolshaya Nevka River"s right bank. In the 1730s, it was called Bolshaya Ruzheinaya Street (after the Gun Yard (Ruzheiny Dvor) located there), then renamed Monetchikovskaya Street (after the mint workers" settlement). In the late 18th century, the section running up to Bolshoy Avenue of the Petrogradskaya Side was called Ruzheinaya Street, and the section running up to the Karpovka River called Yazykovaya Street. The modern name was given in the 1820s. In 1918-34, it was known as Krasnykh Zor Street, in 1934-91 as Kirovsky Avenue, after S.M. Kirov (the section within the limits of Kamenny Island retained the name Kirovsky Avenue, which it received in 1909). The street originally appeared in the 18th century as a leading road from the Kronverk esplanade to Kamenny Island. In the 1820s, there was a high road with special paving. In the 1870s, horse-drawn trams started operating along the avenue, and in 1909, an electric tramway was introduced. In 1903, the avenue was extended as far as Troitskaya Square. In 1831-34, the Alexandrovsky Orphan"s Home was built there (building 21, architect L.I. Charlemagne), and in 1844-1917 the Alexandrovsky (formerly Tsarskoselsky) Lyceum was quartered in its building. In 1886, the entertainment garden Aquarium was opened on the site of buildings Nos. 10-12, where the first cinema show in Russia was held in 1896 (today Lenfilm Studio). In 1903-04, the Petersburg Central Market was constructed on the avenue by architect P.M. Mulkhanov. Most development came in the late 19th - 20th centuries, after the Troitsky Bridge had been constructed. Buildings nos. 1-3 (1904, see House of Lidval), building no. 13 (1903, architect V.V. Schaub) and building no. 61 (1906, architect F.I. Lidval) are impressive examples of the Modern style; the Neoclassical style is exemplified by building no. 19 (1912, architect S.I. Minash), building no. 26-28 (which held the First Russian Insurance Society; 1914, architects L.N. Benois, Y.Y. Benois, Albert N. Benois), building no. 44b (originally owned by the Emir of Bukhara; 1913, architect S.S. Krichinsky), building no. 48 (1911, architect M.S. Lyalevich), buildings nos. 63 and 65 (1911, architect V.A. Shchuko), and building no. 73-75 (architects A.I. Zazersky, I.I. Yakovlev). More recently constructed buildings include the Lensovet Palace of Culture (building 42), the Residential House of Arts Workers (building 14, 1934, architect G. Fomichev), the Residential House of the All-Union Institute of Experimental Medicine Workers (building no. 69-71, 1933-35, architect N.E. Lansere). In 1949-51, building no. 2 was erected by architects O.I. Guryev and V.M. Fromzel. In 1968, the Fashion House was constructed (building no. 37, architects E.A. Levinson, A.K. Andreev, Y.E. Moskalenko), which incorporated the Petrogradskaya metro station (opened in 1963). In 1968, a monument to M. Gorky was placed in front of building no. 2. Count S.Y. Witte lived in building no. 5. Building no. 26-28 houses the Kirov memorial Apartment. V.I. Vernadsky and V.G. Khlopin worked in the Radium Institute (building no. 21-23); actor P.P. Kadochnikov lived in building no 2; artists A.F. Pakhomov and K.S. Petrov-Vodkin and composer D.D. Shostakovich in building no. 14, singer K.A. Laptev in building no. 15; actor A.I. Raykin in building no. 17; sculptor A.M. Opekushin in building no. 52; architect E.A. Levinson (1931-68) and actor F.M. Ermler in building no. 55; poet M.L. Lozinsky in building no. 73-75; and ship-builder A.N. Krylov in building no. 58 (1914-20s). Kamennoostrovsky Avenue includes the Silin Bridge across the Karpovka River, and the Kamennoostrovsky Bridge across the Malaya Nevka. Two theatres are located on Kamennoostrovsky Avenue, including the Osobnyak Theatre (building no. 55) and the Ostrov Theatre (building no. 26/28). In 2002, a monument to poet Nizami (sculptor G. Babaev, artist F.K. Romanovsky) was unveiled in the public garden between buildings nos. 25 and 27.

References: Ружже В. Л. Кировский проспект. Л.; М., 1955; Кудашев Б. М. По Каменноостровскому проспекту: Путеводитель. СПб., 1994; Привалов В. Д. Каменноостровский проспект. СПб., 2003.

G. Y. Nikitenko.

Persons
Andreev Alexander Kuzmich
Babaev G.
Benois Albert Nikolaevich
Benois Leonty Nikolaevich
Benois Yuly Yulievich
Charlemagne Ludwig Iosifovich
Ermler Friedrich Markovich
Fomichev Demyan Galaktionovich
Fromzel Viktor Matveevich
Gorky Maxim (Alexey Maximovich Peshkov)
Guryev Oleg Ivanovich
Kadochnikov Pavel Petrovich
Khlopin Vitaly Grigorievich
Kirov (real name Kostrikov) Sergey Mironovich
Krichinsky Stepan Samoilovich
Krylov Alexander Nikolaevich
Lansere Nikolay Evgenievich
Laptev Konstantin Antonovich
Levinson Evgeny Adolfovich
Lidval Fedor (Iogan Friedrich) Ivanovich
Lozinsky Mikhail Leonidovich
Lyalevich Marian Stanislavovich
Minash Sima Isaakovich (Semen Isaevich)
Moskalenko Yaroslava Evgenievna
Mulkhanov Pavel Mikhailovich
Nizami Gyandzhevi Abu Muhammed Ilyas ibn Yusuf
Opekushin Alexander Mikhailovich
Pakhomov Alexey Fedorovich
Petrov-Vodkin Kuzma Sergeevich
Raykin Arkady Isaakovich
Romanovsky Felix Karlovich
Schaub Vasily Vasilievich
Shchuko Vladimir Alexeevich
Shostakovich Dmitry Dmitrievich
Vernadsky Vladimir Ivanovich
Witte Sergey Yulievich, Count
Yakovlev Ivan Ivanovich
Zazersky Alexey Ivanovich

Addresses
Bolshaya Nevka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city
Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 58
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 14
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 10
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 61
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 26
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 44, litera л. Б
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 63
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 15
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 69
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 52
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 17
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 23
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 37
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 65
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 21
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 12
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 71
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 13
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 55
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 75
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 73
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 27
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 25
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 48
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 28
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 19
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 3
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 26/28
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 5
Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 42
Troitskaya Square/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Ружже В. Л. Кировский проспект. Л.; М., 1955
Кудашев Б. М. По Каменноостровскому проспекту: Путеводитель. СПб., 1994

The subject Index
Kronverk (Crownwork)
Lyceum
Lyceum
Lenfilm, Film Studio
Lidval, House of
S. M. Kirov Museum
Khlopin Radium Institute