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The subject index / Lyceum


Categories / Science. Education/Educational Institutions
Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Monuments of history and culture

LYCEUM, Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum renamed Alexandrovsky Lyceum in 1843, a privileged higher education institution providing training for state officials. It was founded in 1810 and opened on 19 October 1811, in the wing of the Catherine Palace built by architect V. P. Stasov. The lyceum enrolled boys from the nobility aged 10 to 12. Initially under the control of the Ministry of Public Education, it was placed under the Military Department in 1822 and the Department of Establishments of Empress Maria in 1843. It was transferred to St. Petersburg on 1 January 1844, to be situated in the former Alexandrinsky Orphan's Home at 21 Kamennoostrovsky Avenue built by architect L. I. Charlemagne in 1832-34. The education consisted of six years, junior classes receiving high school education and senior classes receiving university education. The lyceum had a Noble Boarding School attached to it in 1814-29 and a preparatory class from 1882. Among the teachers were V. F. Malinovsky, E. A. Engelgardt, A. P. Kunitsyn, N. F. Koshansky, and A. I. Galich. The curriculum mainly comprised of the humanities, especially law, also focusing on physical training, music, and drawing. Military education gave lyceum graduates the same rights as graduates of the Page Corps. The first class graduated in 1817, which included among its graduates Alexander Pushkin, A. M. Gorchakov, K. K. Danzas, A. A. Delwig, M. A. Korf, V. K. Kuchelbecker, F. F. Matyushkin, and I. I. Pushchin. It had 74 classes of graduates in 107 years totalling about two thousand people, among them prominent statesmen, public figures, scientists, and writers, including M. V. Petrashevsky, K. S. Veselovsky, A. V. Golovin, N. Y. Danilevsky, K. K. Grot, Y. K. Grot, A. B. Lobanov-Rostovsky, L. A. Mey, M. K. Reitern, M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin, D. A. Tolstoy, M. L. Yakovlev, et al. The lyceum opened the Pushkin Museum in the 1840s, and the Pushkin Library was opened in 1879, and Pushkin Lyceum Society founded in 1899, as well as a Lyceum Library made up of works written by its pupils. It was closed in 1917 by decree of the Provisional Government, and a group of lyceum graduates were condemned for a trumped-up case in 1925 (see Lyceum Graduates' Case). The lyceum building now accommodates the Alexandrovsky Vocational Lyceum, which provides elementary and secondary vocational education.

Reference: Егоров А. Д. Императорский Александровский (бывш. Царскосельский) лицей: В 3 ч. Иваново, 1995; Руденская С. Д. Царскосельский - Александровский лицей, 1811-1817. СПб., 1999; Павлова С. В. Императорский Александровский (бывш. Царскосельский) лицей. СПб., 2002.

А. P. Kupaygorodskaya.

Charlemagne Ludwig Iosifovich
Danilevsky Nikolay Yakovlevich
Danzas Konstantin Karlovich
Delwig Anton Antonovich
Engelgardt Egor Antonovich
Galich Alexander Ivanovich
Golovnin Alexander Vasilievich
Gorchakov Alexander Mikhailovich, Duke
Grot Konstantin Karlovich
Grot Yakov Karlovich
Korf Modest Andreevich, Count
Koshansky Nikolay Fedorovich
Kuchelbecker Wilhelm Karlovich
Kunitsyn Alexander Petrovich
Lobanov-Rostovsky Alexey Borisovich, Duke
Malinovsky Vasily Fedorovich
Matyushkin Fedor Fedorovich
Mey Lev Alexandrovich
Petrashevsky (Butashevich-Petrashevsky) Mikhail Vasilievich
Pushchin Ivan Ivanovich
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Reitern Mikhail Khristoforovich
Saltykov-Shchedrin (real name Saltykov) Mikhail Evgrafovich
Stasov Vasily Petrovich
Tolstoy Dmitry Andreevich, Count
Veselovsky Konstantin Stepanovich
Yakovlev Mikhail Lukianovich

Kamennoostrovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 21
Sadovaya Street/Pushkin, town, house 2

Руденская С. Д. Царскосельский - Александровский лицей, 1811-1817. СПб., 1999
Егоров А. Д. Императорский Александровский (бывш. Царскосельский) лицей: В 3 ч. Иваново, 1995
Павлова С. В. Императорский Александровский (бывш. Царскосельский) лицей. СПб., 2002

The subject Index
Catherine Palace (Town of Pushkin)
Empress Maria's Department of Institutions
Page Corps
Pushkin Society
Provisional Government of 1917
Case of Pupils of the Lyceum



19 October. The Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum , one of the progressive educational establishments of Russia in the early 19th cent., was opened for the preparation "young people, particularly for the important state work"
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


The Hause of Kannobio ( the wooden house, a splendid example of the Russian Classicism) was built according to the design of V.I. Geste in Leontyevskaya Street (its present address is 18 Leontyevskaya Street). 8 January
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


23 May. The famous event "Merry -Go-Round at Tsarskoye Serlo" was arranged with almost all members of the family of Emperor Nicholas I, in medieval costumes, with real medieval armour
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


26 May. The liturgy and pannychis in honour of the 100th anniversary of the birth of A.S. Pushkin were performed in the Cathedral of St. Catherine in Tsarskoye Selo
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


11 January. The memorial plaque with the inscription "The Emperor Lyceum Was Placed in This Building from 1811 untill 1843" was opened on the building of the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum by the 100th anniversary of its founding
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


19717 members of tour group visited palace-museums of Detskoye Selo. 14 September. The first race of the autumn Marathon Pushkin - Leningrad took place. Twenty people took part in the race. M.I
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


The spring. A.A. Akhmatova, O.E. and N.Ya. Mandelshtam lived in the boarding house of Zaitsev in Detskoye Selo where they were visited by Pavel Luknitsky collecting materials about N.S. Gumilyov
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


January. The writer Vyacheslav Yakovlevich Shishkov settled in Detskoye Selo. His addresses: 20 Kolpinskaya Street, 14 Malaya Street, and 9 Moskovskaya Street from 1929 untill 1941 (the memorial plaque was set here in 1961)
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


10 June. President of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR S.I. Vavilov cut the ribbon during the opening ceremony of the first exposition of the Museum of A.S. Pushkin which was placed in the Alexander Palace (the museum worked until 1951)
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


January. Marina Nikolayevna Petay was appointed as the director of the All-Union Museum of A.S. Pushkin (the Lyceum, the Dacha of Kitayeva are branches of the museum), she worked in this position until 1988
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


6 June. The reconstruction of the Lyceum was finished; the reconstruction was based on the research work of the Lyceum keeper M.P. Rudensky and the design of the architect A.A. Kedrinsky
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

Alexander I, Emperor (1777-1825)

ALEXANDER I (1777, St. Petersburg - 1825), Emperor (since 1801). Son of Emperor Paul I and Empress Maria Fedorovna. Brought up by his grandmother, Empress Catherine II

Balashov A.D., Governor General in 1809-10

Balashov (Balashev) Alexander Dmitrievich (1770-1837, Kronstadt), statesman, Infantry General (1823), Adjunct General (1809). He was brought up in the Corps of Pages, from 1791, he was in military service

Case of Pupils of the Lyceum

CASE OF PUPILS OF THE LYCEUM was fabricated by the organs of Joint State Political Administration Board in 1925 against the group of graduates of Alexandrovsky Lyceum who were accused of creating an organization aiming to overthrow the Soviet power

Central St. Petersburg State Historical Archive

CENTRAL ST. PETERSBURG STATE HISTORICAL ARCHIVE (18 Pskovskaya Street) was founded in 1936 as Leningrad Regional Historical Archive, in 1941 it was renamed the Leningrad State Regional Historical Archive

Charlemagne L. I. (1784-1845), architect

CHARLEMAGNE Ludovik Iosifovich (1784 - 1845, St. Petersburg), architect, master of the Empire style. I. I. Charlemagne's brother. Upon graduating the Academy of Fine Arts (1806) worked as the assistant of the architects L. Rusca and А.А. Mikhailov

Chebyshev P.L., (1821-1894), mathematician

CHEBYSHEV Pafnuty Lvovich (1821-1894, St. Petersburg), mathematician and mechanical engineer, Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences from 1859. He graduated from Moscow University with a major in physics and mathematics in 1841. He came to St

Danilevsky N.Y. (1822 - 1885), philosopher

DANILEVSKY Nikolay Yakovlevich (1822-85), philosopher, sociologist, and naturalist promoted to Actual Civil Counsellor in 1868. He graduated from Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum in 1842 and was an irregular student at the faculty of physics and mathematics of


DECEMBRISTS, members of secret societies, mainly, Guard officers and Masonic lodge members, who excited a rebellion against autocracy and serfdom in December 1825 (hence the name). Many of the future Decembrists were born in St

Empress Maria's Department of Institutions

EMPRESS MARIA'S DEPARTMENT OF INSTITUTIONS, a central public institution, which administered charitable organizations, as well as women’s and special educational institutions

Golenischev-Kutuzov P.V., Governor General 1825-30

GOLENISCHEV-KUTUZOV Pavel Vasilievich (1772-1843, St. Petersburg), Count (1832), statesman and military figure, General of Cavalry (1826), Adjunct General (1810). He was brought up in the Corps of Pages, from 1794, he served in Cavalry Guards

Gorchakov A.M., (1798-1883), statesman

GORCHAKOV Alexander Mikhailovich (1798-1883), Serene High Prince (1871), statesman, diplomat, State Chancellor (1867), Honorary Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1856). Descended from the ancient princely Rurik Dynasty

Grot Y.K., (1812-1893), linguist

GROT Yakov Karlovich (1812 - 1893, St. Petersburg), philologist, historian, Full Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1855). Graduated from the Tsarskoselsky Lyceum in 1832. Professor at the Alexandrovsky Lyceum (1853-62)

Kamennoostrovsky Avenue

KAMENNOOSTROVSKY AVENUE, located between Troitskaya Square and the Bolshaya Nevka River Embankment. The main thoroughfare joining the city centre and the Petrogradskaya Side with Aptekarsky Island and Kamenny Island

Kareev N.I. (1850-1931), historian

KAREEV Nikolay Ivanovich (1850-1931, Leningrad), historian, sociologist, corresponding member of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1910), honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1929)

Koni A.F. (1844-1927), lawyer, public figure

KONI Anatoly Fedorovich (1844, St Petersburg 1927, Leningrad), lawyer, statesman, man of letters, Actual Privy Counsellor (1910); Doctor of Law (1890), Honorary Member of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1900)

Libraries (entry)

LIBRARIES. The first library of St. Petersburg was founded in 1714 by the decree of Tsar Peter the Great as His Majesty’s Library; later on, it formed the basis of the Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Maria Fedorovna (1847-1928), the Empress

MARIA FEDOROVNA (1847-1928), Empress (since 1881). Nee Marie Sophie Frederikke Dagmar, Princess of Denmark. Wife of Emperor Alexander III (from 1866); originally engaged to his elder brother, Tsesarevitch Nicholas Alexandrovich (1843-1865)

Myakotin V.A. (1867-1937), historian, public and political figure

MYAKOTIN Venedikt Alexandrovich (1867, Gatchina - 1937), historian, essayist, public and political figure. Graduated from Kronstadt Gymnasium and the Faculty of History and Philology of St

Nabokov Family

NABOKOV Family, noble family, known since the mid 17th century. Several family members are closely associated with St. Petersburg. Ivan Alexandrovich Nabokov (1787-1852, St Petersburg), Infantry General (1835), Adjutant General (1844)

Petrashevsky M.V. (1821-1866), revolutionary

PETRASHEVSKY (Butashevich-Petrashevsky) Mikhail Vasilievich (1821, St. Petersburg 1866), public figure. In 1836-40 studied at Tsarskoselsky Lyceum, in 1840-41 – audited classes at the Faculty of Law of Petersburg University; received an academic

Platonov S.F., (1860-1933), historian

PLATONOV Sergey Fedorovich (1860-1933), historian, member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1920). He lived in St. Petersburg from 1869. Graduated from the faculty of history and philology of the University of St. Petersburg in 1882

Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich (1799-1837), poet

PUSHKIN Alexander Sergeevich (1799-1837, St. Petersburg), poet, prose writer, playwright, historian, journalist. Studied at the Imperial Lyceum at Tsarskoe Selo (1811-17; memorial plaque; presently a memorial museum)

Pushkin, 1 Sadovaya Sreet, the Lyceum, a commemorative plaque

“The Imperial Lyceum was placed in this building from 1811 until 1843” 1911 – January 1912.

Pushkin, town

PUSHKIN, a town and municipal unit situated south of Saint Petersburg. Known until 1918 as Tsarskoe Selo, and in 1918-37 as Detskoe Selo. As of 2002, population totalled approximately 95,000 inhabitants

Saltykov-Shchedrin M. E. (1826-1889), writer

SALTYKOV-SHCHEDRIN (real name Saltykov) Mikhail Yevgrafovich (1826-1889, St. Petersburg), writer. Graduated from the Alexander Lyceum (1844). Served at the Chancellory of the Military Ministry

Serno-Solovyevich N.A. (1834-1866), revolutionary

SERNO-SOLOVYEVICH Nikolay Alexandrovich (1834, St. Petersburg - 1866), public figure, man of letters. Upon graduating from Alexandrovsky Lyceum (1853) served at the State Chancellery; On 24 September 1858 submitted a petition to Emperor Alexander II

Speshnev N. A. (1821-1882), revolutionary

SPESHNEV Nikolay Alexandrovich (1821-1882, St. Petersburg) was a member of the circle headed by Petrashevsky. In 1836, he entered the Lyceum in Tsarskoe Selo. In 1839, he entered the Faculty of Eastern Languages of St. Petersburg University

The commemorative plaque devoted to A.S. Pushkin.

“Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin was educated here from 1811 until 1817” 1899. The architect A.R. Bach. Marble. The town of Pushkin, 1 Sadovaya Street, the Lyceum. (F-231)

Weiner P. P., (1879-1931), publisher of the journal Starye Gody

WEINER Peter Petrovich (1879-1931), public figure, museum worker, collector, full member of the Academy of Arts (1912). He graduated from the Alexandrovsky Lyceum in St