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The subject index / Necropolis of Artists

Necropolis of Artists

Categories / Architecture/Cemeteries (see also Municipal Economy)
Categories / Science. Education/Museums

NECROPOLIS OF ARTISTS (in 1823-76, the New Lazarevskoe Cemetary; in 1876-1937, the Tikhvinskoe Cemetery). Memorial Necropolis Park included in 1937 in the City Sculpture Museum. Its square takes up 1.2 hectares. The cemetery was created in 1823 and named after the neighbouring Lazarevsky Cemetery (see Necropolis of the 18th Century); it was then renamed after the Church of Our Lady of Tikhvin (1869-73, architect N.P. Grebenka; completely rebuilt in the 1930s, today an exhibition hall for the City Sculpture Museum). It is one of the necropoleis of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. Among those buried at the cemetery are ministers P.A. Valuev, I.N. Durnovo and D.S. Sipyagin; admirals F.V. Dubasov and P.I. Ricord; engineer M.N. Gersevanov; military historian A.I. Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky; Patermuphy the Hesychast; schema- monk Alexy (Shestakov); and Imperial Confessor V.B. Bazhanov (their gravestones were destroyed in the 1920-30s). Priest Petr Skipetrov was buried at the church altar. A beneficiary of Our Lady’s Church of Joy for All Who Sorrow at Schlisselburgsky Avenue, he was killed by a Red Army soldier in the lavra yard on 20 January 1918 (a cross was restored in 1997). According to the memorial necropolis plan (1935-37, architect E.N. Sandler and E.K. Reimers), graves of writers are concentrated in the East part, artists in the centre, painters in the West part, and musicians at the North Composers Path. The Necropolis of Artists is a pantheon of Russian culture from the 19th to 20th centuries. The ashes of many figures of culture and art were transported to the Necropolis of Artists from other cemeteries in the 1930s. There were 174 monuments at the necropolis in 2002. Among those buried there are statesmen M.M. Speransky and A.N. Olenin; historian N.M. Karamzin; writers and poets V.A. Zhukovsky, I.A. Krylov, E.A. Baratynsky, and F.M. Dostoevsky; composers M.I. Glinka, A.S. Dargomyzhsky, N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov, A.P. Borodin, M.P. Mussorgsky, and P.I. Tchaikovsky; artists and sculptors A.A. Ivanov, P.A. Fedotov, N.I. Kramskoy, I.I. Shishkin, A.I. Kuindzhi, B.M. Kustodiev, P.I. Klodt, and I.P. Vitali; critic V.V. Stasov; and actors V.A. Karatygin, V.N. Davydov, P.A. Strepetova, V.F. Komissarzhevskaya, Y.M. Yuryev, and N.K. Cherkasov. Stage director G.A. Tovstonogov was the last to be buried at the Necropolis of Artists in 1989 (gravestone by sculptor L.K. Lazarev in 1992). Among the gravestones there are sculptural samples of many styles, including the so-called Russian style, Art Nouveau, and Neo-Classicism, featuring works by I.P. Ropet, I.S. Bogomolov, I.Y. Ginzburg, A.V. Shchusev, N.K. Roerich, N.E. Lansere, among others.

References: see those of The Museum of City Sculpture and Alexander Nevsky Lavra entries.

Y. M. Piryutko.

Alexy (Shestakov)
Baratynsky Evgeny Abramovich
Bazhanov Vasily Borisovich, Protopresbyter
Bogomolov Ivan Semenovich
Borodin Alexander Porfirievich
Cherkasov Nikolay Konstantinovich
Dargomyzhsky Alexander Sergeevich
Davydov Vladimir Nikolaevich
Dostoevsky Fedor Mikhailovich
Dubasov Fedor Vasilievich
Durnovo Ivan Nikolaevich
Fedotov Pavel Andreevich
Gersevanov Mikhail Nikolaevich
Ginzburg Ilya Yakovlevich
Glinka Mikhail Ivanovich
Grebenka Nikolay Pavlovich
Ivanov Alexander Andreevich
Karamzin Nikolay Mikhailovich
Karatygin Vasily Andreevich
Klodt von Jurgensburg Peter Karlovich
Komissarzhevskaya Vera Fedorovna
Kramskoy Ivan Nikolaevich
Krylov Ivan Andreevich
Kuindzhi Arkhip Ivanovich
Kustodiev Boris Mikhailovich
Lansere Nikolay Evgenievich
Lazarev Levon Konstantinovich
Mikhaylovsky-Danilevsky Alexey Ivanovich
Mussorgsky Modest Petrovich
Olenin Alexey Nikolaevich
Reimers E.K.
Rikord Peter Ivanovich
Rimsky-Korsakov Nikolay Andreevich
Roerich Nikolay Konstantinovich
Ropet Ivan Pavlovich (real name Petrov Ivan Nikolaevich)
Sandler E.N.
Shchusev Alexey Viktorovich
Shishkin Ivan Ivanovich
Sipyagin Dmitry Sergeevich
Speransky Mikhail Mikhailovich
Stasov Vladimir Vasilievich
Strepetova Pelageya (Polina) Antipievna
Tchaikovsky Peter Ilyich
Tovstonogov Georgy Alexandrovich
Valuev Peter Alexandrovich
Vitali Ivan Petrovich
Yuryev Yury Mikhailovich
Zhukovsky Vasily Andreevich
Zhukovsky Vasily Andreevich

см. при ст. Городской скульптуры музей и Александро-Невская лавра.

The subject Index
Museum of City Sculpture
Necropolis of the18th Century
Alexander Nevsky Lavra
Russian Style
Art Nouveau