Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
The subject index / Kozitsky Factory

Kozitsky Factory

Categories / Economy/Industry

KOZITSKY FACTORY (70, Fifth Line of Vasilievsky Island), a closed joint-stock company (from 1993) is the largest enterprise of the region making and servicing TV sets of the new generation. It was established in 1853 as the Main Telegraph Workshops of Siemens and Halske, a German company. In 1881, it was reorganized as a factory of Siemens and Halske joint-stock company. The company started making radio telegraphs invented by A. S. Popov in 1902. The factory was named after N. G. Kozitsky, a participant of the Civil War (1880-1920) in 1922. Long-wave single-lamp receivers, lamp transmitters, and low current measurement instrumentation were produced at the factory in the 1920-30s. The factory became the industrial and technical centre of the Special Design Office working on the design of powerful broadcasting equipment at the end of the 1920s. In the 1930s the enterprise began making radio transmitter stations, transmitters and receivers that allowed establishing steady long-distance communication in the 1930s. TRL-10, the first Russian-made super heterodyne broadcasting receiver was made here in 1935. B-2 mechanical TV set was made for experimental telecasting in 1932; the first domestic TV set with mechanical imaging analysis was made in 1936. TK-1 TV set with electronic imaging analysis was made in 1938. During the siege of 1941-44, the factory made Sever portable radio stations for guerilla troops and scouts and telephone receiving and transmitting radio stations. Т-1 Leningrad, the first serial TV set was made in 1947, it was followed by KVN-49 TV set. In the 1950s, the plant made Avangard, Avangard -55, Souz, Zemlya, Neva, and Mir TV sets. Color TV set manufacturing began in 1958. The serial production of Vecher and Vals lamp semi-conductor TV sets started in 1965. In 1974, the factory switched fully to making Raduga TV sets, an experimental model first created in 1960. The factory was reconstructed in the 1990s, creating sections of small-lot production and mass production of various commodities. In 1999, the factory entered Raduga Industrial and Commercial group uniting a number of industrial and commercial companies. At present the plant produces modern TV sets of the 6th generation with the screen diagonal of 37, 51, and 55 centimeters. The plant has a company store and a service centre.

References: Золотая книга Санкт-Петербурга. СПб., 2000. [Т. 1]. С. 54-55.

T. V. Kovaleva.

Kozitsky Nikolay Grigorievich
Popov A.A.

5th Line of Vasilievsky Island/Saint Petersburg, city, house 70

Золотая книга Санкт-Петербурга. СПб., 2000

Siemens K. F. (1829-1906), entrepreneur

SIEMENS Karl Fedorovich (1829-1906), entrepreneur and founder of electrical engineering industry in Russia. A native of Germany, he lived in St. Petersburg from 1853 managing a subsidiary enterprise of Berlin-based Siemens and Halske Trading House

Vasileostrovsky District

VASILEOSTROVSKY DISTRICT is an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg. (Its territory administration is located at 55 Bolshoy Avenue of Vasilievsky Island) Its present-day borders were formed in 1917 (the western part was a separate