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The subject index / OBERIU


Categories / Literature. Book Publishing/Salons, Circles, Creative Associations and Unions

OBERIU, the Association of Real Art, a literary-theatre group (1927 to the beginning of the 1930s), D. I. Kharms, A. I. Vvedensky, N. A. Zabolotsky, D. Levin, I. V. Bakhterev, A. V. Razumovsky, Y. D. Vladimirov, K. K. Vaginov et al. were its members. N. M. Oleinikov and E. L. Schwarz were drawn towards OBERIU and took part in a number of its actions. The main purpose of the group was expressed in its manifesto published in the journal Afisha Doma Pechati (the Bill of the House of Press, 1928) as "drawing language near reality, releasing it from stock phrases of the previous literary trends. Authors appealed for releasing things "from literary and everyday husk" in order to make them property of art. Literary soirees of OBERIU were held on the stage of the House of Press (21 Fontanka River Embankment) where on 24 January 1928 their most important literary soiree Three Leftist Hours was held. Members of OBERIU read their compositions at Leningrad State University, at the Institute of Art History, in clubs and hostels. Meetings were also arranged at the place of Kharms (11 Nadezhdinskaya Street, today Mayakovskogo Street), Y. S. Druskin (17 Bolshoy Avenue of Petrogradskaya Storona; 150 Nevsky Prospect), L. S. Lipavsky (8 Gatchinskaya Street), Vvedensky (37 Syezzhinskaya Street). In 1930, the group suffered harsh criticism in the newspaper Smena (New Generation) and in a number of other editions, and after the slashing speech of N. N. Aseev at the meeting of the Union of Writers in 1931 it in fact stopped existence. All the participants of the group were subjected to repressions in the 1930s, the majority of them perished.

References: Жаккар Ж. Ф. Даниил Хармс и конец русского авангарда. СПб., 1995.

D. N. Akhapkin.

Aseev Nikolay Nikolaevich
Bakhterev Igor Vladimirovich
Druskin Yakov Semenovich
Kharms Daniil (real name Yuvachev Daniil Ivanovich)
Levin D.
Lipavsky Leonid Savelievich
Oleynikov Nikolay Makarovich
Razumovsky Alexander Vladimirovich
Schwarz Evgeny Lvovich
Vaginov (Vagenheim) Konstantin Konstantinovich
Vladimirov Yury Dmitrievich
Vvedensky Alexander Ivanovich
Zabolotsky Nikolay Alexeevich

Bolshoy Ave of Petrograskaya Storona/Saint Petersburg, city, house 17
Fontanka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 21
Gatchinskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 8
Mayakovsky St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 11
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city, house 150
Syezzhinskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 37

Жаккар Ж. Ф. Даниил Хармс и конец русского авангарда. СПб., 1995

The subject Index
Smena (The New Generation), newspaper
Smena (The New Generation), newspaper


Kharms D. (1905-1942), writer

KHARMS Daniil (real name Yuvachev Daniil Ivanovich; also known under the pen-names Charms, Dandan, Shardam, Karl Ivanovich Shusterling) (1905, St. Petersburg - 1942, Leningrad), a poet, prose writer and playwright

Oleynikov N.M. (1898-1937), writer

OLEYNIKOV Nikolay Makarovich (pen-names Makar Svirepy, Nikolay Makarov, Sergey Kravtsov) (1898-1937, Leningrad), writer, journalist. Studied at Kamensk Teachers College. Took part in the Civil War. From 1925 lived in Leningrad

Salons, Circles and Literary Gatherings (Entry)

SALONS, CIRCLES AND LITERARY GATHERINGS. During the 18th century regular gatherings of writers were uncommon, but those that there were portrayed different stylistic and philosophic positions

Schwarz E.L.(1896-1858), playwright

SCHWARZ Evgeny Lvovich (1896-1958, Leningrad), playwright and prose writer. He studied at the Faculty of Law of Moscow University in 1914-16, although he did not graduate

Vaginov K.K. (1899-1934), writer

VAGINOV (Wagenheim) Konstantin Konstantinovich (1899, St. Petersburg - 1934, Leningrad), poet, prose writer. He graduated from Gurevich Petrograd Private School (1917)

Vvedensky A.I. (1904-1941), poet

VVEDENSKY Alexander Ivanovich (1904, St. Petersburg - 1941?), poet, drama writer. In 1921, after graduating from Lentovsky Gymnasium, he entered Law Faculty and then Chinese Department of the Faculty of Oriental Studies of Petersburg University

Zabolotsky N.A. (1903-1958), poet

ZABOLOTSKY Nikolay Alexeevich (1903-1958), poet, translator. In Petrograd from 1921. Graduated from Faculty of Social Economy (Department of Language and Literature) of the Herzen Leningrad State Pedagogic Institute (1925)