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Search result: alphabet - L
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Labour Battalions

LABOUR BATTALIONS, internal security units, formed in Leningrad and its suburbs in August 1941, according to an initiative by the City Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (of Bolsheviks); the battalions were made up of people not subject to


LABOURERS, a social group forming a part of the St. Petersburg population - hired personnel for factories and plants, engaged in physical labour, and also individuals engaged in building and transport

Ladoga Lake

LADOGA LAKE, the largest lake in Europe, is located at the border of Leningrad region and the Republic of Karelia. In the old times, the lake was named Nevo (a Finnish word for "sea"), Ladoga (after the old Russian city Ladoga), and Aldoga

Ladoga Military Flotilla

LADOGA MILITARY FLOTILLA, a unit of the USSR Navy formed in October 1939 to participate in the Soviet-Finnish War. In November 1940, it was reorganized into a training detachment. In June 1941 the Navy unit was re-formed

Ladoga Pipeline

LADOGA PIPELINE, a trunk pipeline laid in 43 days (5 May - 16 June 1942), through Lake Ladoga from Karedzhi Cape to the Borisova Griva Railway Station, in order to supply Leningrad with oil during the Siege of 1941-44. Designed by engineer N. V

Lakhta, locality

LAKHTA, a landmark northwest of Saint Petersburg, on the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland, in the vicinity of a cognominal railway station and Lake Lakhta; neighbours Olgino on the West, and Staraya Derevnya on the East

Lakhtinsky Razliv

LAKHTINSKY RAZLIV (Lakhta High Water) is a lagoon-estuary type lake located on the northern bank of Neva Bay and separated from it with a sand bay-bar which has reinforcing that supports a railway line and a highway

Lamansky V.I., (1833-1914), Slavicist

LAMANSKY Vladimir Ivanovich (1833 - 1914, St. Petersburg), historian, philologist, member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1900). Graduated from the Faculty of History and Philology of the University of St

Landings, Water (entry)

LANDINGS, WATER. Ship landings were present in St. Petersburg from the first years of its existence. Their location depended on the location and orientation of storage warehouses


LANDSCAPES. The territory of St. Petersburg and its suburbs display an ample diversity though belonging to the north-west Taiga landscape province of the Russian Plain. There are 13 basic landscape types (or landscape regions)


LANDSKRONA (from the Swedish "Landskron", meaning the crown of land), a Swedish fortress, built in 1300 at the confluence of the Okhta River and the Neva River

Lang G. F., (1875 - 1948), physician

LANG Georgy Fedorovich (1875, St. Petersburg - 1948, Leningrad), physician, organiser of public welfare, Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1945), honourable worker of science (1934)

Lansere E.E., (1875-1946), Artist

LANSERE Evgeny Evgenievich (1875, Pavlovsk - 1946) graphic artist and painter, people's artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1945). He was a son of the sculptor E. A. Lansere, brother of N. E. Lansere and Z. E. Serebryakova

Lansere N.E. (1879-1942), architect

LANSERE Nikolay Evgenyevich (1879, St. Petersburg -1942), architect and graphic artist, architectural historian and teacher. He was the brother of E.E. Lansere and Z.E. Serebryakova

Lanskoe Freeway

LANSKOE FREEWAY (in 1830-1850s, known as Lanskoy Avenue and Road; in 1962-91, known as Smirnova Avenue), running between the Chernaya Rechka Embankment and Engelsa Avenue

Lapitsky I.M. (1876-1944), stage director

LAPITSKY (alias Mikhailov) Iosif Mikhailovich (1876-1944), actor, opera and drama director, musical and public figure, Honoured Artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1936)

Lapka, river

LAPKA, a river in the east of St. Petersburg, in the area of Rzhevka and Porokhovye. Formerly a tributary to the Okhta River, the Lapka used to flow into the Okhta six kilometres above the mouth of the latter, in the area of the village of Malinovka

Lappo-Danilevsky A.S., (1863-1919), historian

LAPPO-DANILEVSKY Alexander Sergeevich (1863-1919, Petrograd), historian, archaeograph, sociologist, Fellow of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1899). Came to St. Petersburg in 1882

Latvian Church of Christ the Saviour

LATVIAN CHURCH OF CHRIST THE SAVIOUR, located at 62 Zagorodny Avenue, was intended for the Latvian Lutheran community of St. Petersburg, which numbered about 4,000 people in the mid-19th century


LATVIANS, an ethnic community forming a part of the St. Petersburg population. The Latvian language belongs to the Baltic group of Indo-European language family. Believers are Lutherans and Catholics. The Latvian community in St


LAUNDRIES. Commercial establishments for washing, drying and ironing clothes and linen. In the 18th century, laundries were located in private building, and their number could not be calculated

Launitz von der V.F. chief of city administration in 1906

LAUNITZ (v. der Launitz) Vladimir Fedorovich (1855-1906), statesman, Major-General (1905). He graduated from Page Corps school in St. Petersburg (1873). In 1873-87 he served in Guards Cavalry, participated in the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-78

Laval, House of

LAVAL, HOUSE OF (4 Angliiskaya Embankment), an architectural monument of the Empire style. The first stone edifice was constructed on this place in 1719, in the middle of the 1730s it was reconstructed in the Baroque style for Count A.I

Lavrov P.L. (1823-1900), revolutionary, sociologist

LAVROV Peter Lavrovich (1823-1900), philosopher, sociologist, essayist, political figure. He graduated from the Artillery School in St. Petersburg, in 1842, and its Officer classes. From 1844, he taught mathematics in military colleges in St

Lavrov S.B. (1928 - 2000), geographer

LAVROV Sergey Borisovich (1928, Leningrad - 2000, St. Petersburg), geographer, received a Ph.D. (geography) in 1968 and Honoured Worker of Science of the Russian Federation in 1998

Lavrsky Bridges

LAVRSKY BRIDGES, two bridges over the Monastyrka River. Received their names from the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. The First Lavrsky Bridge is located in alignment with the main entrance to the Lavra

Law School

LAW SCHOOL, the Imperial Law School, a privileged private higher education institution for the nobility. It was founded in 1835, and financed by Prince P. G. Oldenburgsky

Law Society

LAW SOCIETY of Petersburg University, scientific society. Founded in 1877 to study issues of law and legal procedure, it initially had two departments, civil and criminal

Lazarev M.P. (1788-1851), admiral

LAZAREV Mikhail Petrovich (1788-1851), navigator, admiral (1843). Graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1803 (17 Lieutenant Schmidt Embankment, memorial plaque installed), and was sent on scholarship to Great Britain

Lazarev N.V., (1895-1974), toxicologist

LAZAREV Nikolay Vasilievich (1895, Tsarskoe Selo, St. Petersburg Province - 1974, Leningrad), pharmacologist, M. D. in 1936, and Professor in 1938. He graduated from the Kiev Medical Institute in 1925

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