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OBERIU, the Association of Real Art, a literary-theatre group (1927 to the beginning of the 1930s), D. I. Kharms, A. I. Vvedensky, N. A. Zabolotsky, D. Levin, I. V. Bakhterev, A. V. Razumovsky, Y. D. Vladimirov, K. K. Vaginov et al. were its members


OBNOVLENTSY (RENOVATIONISTS), members of a reformatory movement in the Russian Orthodox church. In 1905, a "circle of 32 priests" was formed in St. Petersburg to initiate church reforms

Obolensky A.N., chief of the city administration in 1914-16

OBOLENSKY Alexander Nikolaevich (1874, St. Petersburg - 1924), prince, statesman, Major-General (1914). He was educated in Page Corps school, in 1891-1906 served in Preobrazhensky Life Guards Regiment

Obolensky V. A. (1869-1950), public figure

OBOLENSKY Vladimir Andreevich (1869, St. Petersburg - 1950) Prince, public and political figure, memoirist. On graduating from the Faculty of Natural Sciences of St

Obstacles and Pylons

3 meters high obstacle. Brass boards with the inscription reading “This was the main line of Soviet Army’s defense in 1941-1944” are mounted on two sides of the obstacle. 21st kilometer of the Kiev Highway

Obukhov P. M. (1820-1869), entrepreneur

OBUKHOV Pavel Matveevich (1820-1869), metallurgist, Actual Civil Counsellor (1868). Obukhov graduated from the Corps of Mining Engineers Institute in 1843. Serving at Urals plants, he developed a technology for producing high-quality crucible steel


OBUKHOVO, a landmark in southwest of Saint Petersburg, between Sofiyskaya Street, Alexandrovskoy Fermy Avenue, the Moskovskaya railway line and the Yuzhnoe railway semi-circle

Obukhovskaya Defence (1901)

OBUKHOVSKAYA DEFENCE (1901), the first public clash between workers and the police and military. Occurred on 7 May 1901 during strikes at several factories near the Nevskaya Gate

Obukhovskaya Hospital

OBUKHOVSKAYA HOSPITAL (106 Fontanka Embankment) was founded in 1779; originally it had 60 beds and included "Dolgauz,” the first psychiatric institution in the city. It was named after Obukhovsky Avenue and Bridge

Obukhovskoy Oborony Avenue

OBUKHOVSKOY OBORONY AVENUE from Alexandra Nevskogo Square to Karavaevskaya Street. It was laid in the early 18th century as a road to Arkhangelsk through Shlisselburg and was known as Shlisselburgskaya Road, Shlyutenburgskaya Road

Obukhovsky Bridge

OBUKHOVSKY BRIDGE (in 1738 known as Saarsky, after Saarskaya farmstead - Tsarskoe Selo), over the Fontanka River at Moskovsky Avenue. The bridge was built around 1785-86 on the site of a wooden bridge that had existed here since 1717

Obukhovsky Plant

OBUKHOVSKY PLANT (129 Obukhovskoy Oborony Avenue), one of the largest defense sector companies of the country. Founded by engineers P. M. Obukhov and N. I. Putilov and merchant S. G

Obvodny Canal

OBVODNY CANAL flows from the Neva River in the area of Alexander Nevsky Lavra to the Ekaterinhofka River (8.08 km long, 21.3 meters wide and 42.6 meters wide in its eastern part)

October General Political Strike of 1905

GENERAL POLITICAL STRIKE OF OCTOBER 1905 was part of the All-Russian October political strike held under the slogans of overthrowing autocracy and demanding democratic liberties

October Revolution (October Armed Revolt) of 1917

OCTOBER REVOLUTION (OCTOBER ARMED REVOLT) of 1917, the name accepted in Soviet historical literature of the events in Petrograd of 24 -26 October (6 -8 November) 1917

Odoevsky V.F. (1804-1869), writer and philosopher

ODOEVSKY Vladimir Fedorovich (1804-1869), prince, prose writer, philosopher, critic, and musician promoted to Actual Civil Counsellor in 1845, Chamberlain in 1858, and Presiding Senator in 1865

Odoevsky's Salon

ODOEVSKY'S SALON, literary and music salon held by V. F. Odoevsky in 1830-40s. Situated in his flats at 1 Moshkovy Lane in 1826-39, in the area of 37 Fontanka River Embankment in 1840-41, and 2/36 Liteiny Avenue in 1842-46

Odoevtseva I.V. (1895-1990), writer

ODOEVTSEVA Irina Vladimirovna (real name Heinecke Iraida Gustavovna ) (1895-1990, Leningrad), poet, prose writer, author of memoirs. In 1918 she came to Petrograd. Attended lectures of the Institute of the Living Word (1918-21)

Office of Addresses

OFFICE OF ADDRESSES (from 1839, Address Dispatch Office), was set up in 1809 with the purpose of registration of workers and hired staff coming to St. Petersburg and also with a purpose of preventing people of "inappropriate conduct" from coming to

Officer Aeronautic School

OFFICER AERONAUTIC SCHOOL, a military school providing training for aeronautic officers and aviators. It was established in September 1910 on the basis of the Training Aviation Field with Major General A. M. Kovanko at the head

Officer Assemblies

OFFICER ASSEMBLIES, administrative associations of officers serving in the same regiment, including the quarters. Administrative committees of officer associations were established in the 1870s and engaged in administrative issues with capital

Officers' House

OFFICERS’ HOUSE (20 Liteyny Avenue), a cultural educational establishment of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defence, and professional military servicemen’s club. Founded in 1918 as the Red Army House, it was given the name of S.M

Officers Houses (entry)

OFFICERS HOUSES, officers houses were stone tenement houses (second half of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries), where apartments were rented at low rates solely to the officers rendering military service in one of the garrison's regiments

Okhta, river

OKHTA (from Finnish word meaning "bear; pertaining to a bear"), a river in the east of St. Petersburg, the largest tributary to the Neva River within the limits of the city

Okhtinsky Razliv

OKHTINSKY RAZLIV is an artificial reservoir constructed after the building of the dike at the Okhta River in the area of the Powder Factory in the 19th century. Its lake-shaped bed width is about 5 km long, 250 meters wide and up to 4 meters deep

Okkervil, river

OKKERVIL, a river in the north-east of St. Petersburg, a left tributary to the Okhta River, which flows into the latter 1.8 kilometres above the mouth of the Okhta

Oktyabrskaya Embankment

OKTYABRSKAYA EMBANKMENT translated as October Embankment and known as Pravogo Berega Nevy Embankment before 1973. It runs between Zolnaya Street and Novosaratovka Settlement and crosses a number of settlements such as Klochki

Oktyabrskaya Hotel

OKTYABRSKAYA HOTEL (until the 1890s, Znamenskaya Hotel, then through 1918, Bolshaya Severnaya Hotel; 10 Ligovsky Ave). The main building (118 Nevsky Prospect) was constructed at the same time as the Moscow Railway Station (architect N.E. Tfimov)

Oktyabrskaya Railroad Museum

OKTYABRSKAYA RAILROAD MUSEUM, Central Oktyabrskaya Railroad Museum situated at 114 Obvodny Canal Embankment. Founded in 1979 in the Road Centre of Scientific and Technical Information and Propaganda at 62 Liteyny Avenue

Oktyabrskaya Railway

OKTYABRSKAYA RAILWAY runs across Leningrad, Vologda, Moscow, Murmansk, Novgorod, Pskov, and Tver Regions and the Republic of Karelia. The total length of the network is 10.4 thousand km. The company office is located in St

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