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Persons / Benois Alexander Nikolaevich scientist , artist
1918

January. In Tsarskoye Selo, the Town Duma, Zemstvo and Menshevik Soviet were dissolved. N.I. Tatarintsev became the head of the new Bolshevik Soviet, this Soviet was declared as the only power in Tsarskoye Selo. 15 January
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

Admiralty Canal

ADMIRALTY CANAL was dug from the eastern ditch of the Amiralty Fortress (today, the Dvortsovy Bridge ramp to the Palace Square) to the Moika River to connect the Admiralty Shipyard with Galerny Dvor (Galley Yard) and warehouses of New Holland

Apollon (Apollo), journal

APOLLON (Apollo), a literary journal. It was founded in 1909 by critic S. K. Makovsky, and named after the Ancient Greek God of Sun, Light and Art. In 1909-10 it came out on a monthly basis as a supplement of the Literaturny Almanakh

Bakst L.S., (1866-1924), artist

BAKST (Rosenberg) Lev Samoilovich (1866-1924), painter, graphic artist, and stage designer. He was an irregular student at the Academy of Arts in 1883-87 and private academies in Paris in 1890s. He became a member of the Academy of Arts in 1914

Benois Albert N. (1852-1936), architect, artist

Benois Albert Nikolaevich (1852, St. Petersburg - 1936), aquarellist and architect. The son of N. L. Benois, brother of Alexander N. Benois. In 1871-77, he studied at the Architectural Department of the Academy of Fine Arts

Benois L.N. (1856-1928), architect

Benois Leonty (Ludovik) Nikolaevich (1856, Peterhof -1928, Leningrad), architect, full State Advisor (1905), an honourable cultural figure (1927). The son of N. L. Benois, a brother of Albert N. Benois and А. N. Benois

Benois N.L.(1813-1898), architect

Benois Nikolay Leontyevich (1813, St. Petersburg - 1898, at the same place), architect, artist (decorative arts), full State Advisor (1873). Coming from the family of French descendents. He was the farther of Albert N. Benois, L. N. Benois and A. N

Benois А.N., (1870-1960), artist

BENOIS Alexander Nikolaevich (1870, St. Petersburg – 1960), painter, graphic artist, stage designer, art historian and critic. Son of N. L. Benois. He studied in K. I

Brier, publishing house, 1906-22

BRIER, a private publishing house established in 1906 by Z.I. Grzhebin (1877 - 1929) and S.Y. Kopelman (1881-1944). The publishing house issued collected works of L.N. Andreev, B.K. Zaytsev, S.N. Sergeev-Tsensky, F

Bronze Horseman

BRONZE HORSEMAN, the popular name of the monument to Emperor Peter the Great on Dekabristov Square. Originated from Alexander Pushkin's poem of the same name (1833); one of the best known Russian monuments and world monumental sculptures

Cabaret (entry)

CABARET (from the French word cabaret - small restaurant). At the beginning of the 20th century, it was the name for small, literary and artistic restaurants, places for meetings of poets, musicians, actors, artists and other workers of art

Chaliapin F. I. Memorial Flat

CHALIAPIN F. I. MEMORIAL FLAT (2b Graftio Street) is a branch of the Museum of Theatre and Music Art. The Chaliapin F. I. Memorial Flat was opened in 1975 in the flat where F. I. Chaliapin lived in 1914-22

Dekabristov Street

DEKABRISTOV STREET, called Ofitserskaya Street until 1918, running from Voznesensky Avenue to Pryazhka River Embankment. The street was laid in the 1740s across the Admiralty Board attendants" living-quarters

Dyagilev S.P., (1872-1929), worker of theatre and arts

DYAGILEV Sergey Pavlovich (1872-1929), theatrical and artistic figure, publisher and critic. He lived in St. Petersbrug from 1890. Graduated from Petersburg University with a major in law in 1896

Evenings of Contemporary Music, musical society

EVENINGS OF CONTEMPORARY MUSIC, musical society, existed between 1901 and 1912, aimed to perform and popularise European and Russian chamber music from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries

Gaush A.F. (1873-1947), curator of the Museum of Old Petersburg, artist

GAUSH Alexander Fedorovich (1873, St. Petersburg - 1947), artist, collector, patron of the arts. He graduated from the Academy of Arts (1899), and was a student of P.P. Chistyakov and А. А. Kiselev

German Embassy Building

GERMAN EMBASSY BUILDING (11/41 St. Isaac's Square), a monument of Neoclassical architecture. In the 1740s, a two-story stone building was constructed on this site, which belonged to Court Jeweller Kh.G. Hebelt (1760s - 1802). In 1815-20, architect V

Hermitage

HERMITAGE, State Museum (32-38 Dvortsovaya Embankment) is one of the biggest museums in the world, exhibiting art as well as cultural and historical objects. It consists of 5 inter-connected buildings: the Winter Palace, the Small Hermitage

Khudozhestvennye Sokrovishcha Rossii (The Art Treasures of Russia), album

KHUDOZHESTVENNYE SOKROVISHCHA ROSSII (The Art Treasures of Russia), a monthly album, published in 1901-07 by the Society for Encouragement of Artists (the editorial office was located at 83 Moika River Embankment)

Kurbatov V.Y., (1878-1957), Chemist, Regional Ethnographer

KURBATOV Vladimir Yakovlevich (1878, St. Petersburg - 1957, Leningrad) chemist, art historian, regional ethnographer. Upon graduating from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of the St

Lansere E.E., (1875-1946), Artist

LANSERE Evgeny Evgenievich (1875, Pavlovsk - 1946) graphic artist and painter, people's artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1945). He was a son of the sculptor E. A. Lansere, brother of N. E. Lansere and Z. E. Serebryakova

Lights, the Publishing House, 1909-1922

LIGHTS was a joint-stock publishing company. It was founded in 1909 by critic and publicist E. A. Lyatsky. It was situated at 80 Fontanka Embankment. The editorial board included B. L. Modzalevsky, V. I. Sreznevsky, P. E. Shchegolev

Lines of Vasilievsky Island (entry)

LINES Of VASILIEVSKY ISLAND, the historical name of a number of parallel streets that intersect Vasilievsky Island from the south to the north: First to Twenty-Ninth Lines, Birzhevaya Line, Kozhevennaya Line, Kosaya Line, Mendeleevskaya Line

May's Gymnasium

MAY'S GYMNASIUM, men's private high school founded by teacher K. I. May (1824-1895) as a classical school in 1856 and reorganised into a gymnasium in 1865. It had a actual department opened in 1868 and transformed into a Real school (which along

Merezhkovsky Salon

MEREZHKOVSKY SALON, one of the most significant centres of the Petersburg creative intelligentsia at the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries. Masters of the house were husband and wife D. S. Merezhkovsky and Z. N

Mir Iskusstva (World of Art), journal

MIR ISKUSSTVA (The World of Art), a literary journal of art, founded in 1898 by S. P. Dyagilev with the contribution of the members of an artistic circle of the same name, (see Mir Iskusstva)

Museum of Old Petersburg

MUSEUM OF OLD PETERSBURG, founded in October 1907, attached to the Society of Architects and Artists. A. N. Benois, the first director of the museum, was simultaneously at the head of a special commission for studying and describing St

Museum of the Benois Family

MUSEUM OF THE BENOIS FAMILY is a branch of the Peterhof Museum Park (Petrodvorets, 8 Dvortsovaya Square). The Museum of the Benois Family was opened in September 1988 on the initiative of N. A. Benois (son of A. N

Neoclassicism

NEOCLASSICISM, a traditionalist movement of the first half of the 20th century architecture, based on the assimilation of 18th - early 19th century Russian architecture. In St

Old Petersburg, Society

OLD PETERSBURG, history research society, founded in 1921 by the members of the Pavlovsk Study Seminar. Its Board (chaired by architect L.A. Ilyin) consisted of Alexander N. Benois, P.P. Veyner, V.P. Zubov (headmaster of Art History institute), V.Y

Petrograd Planning Council

PETROGRAD PLANNING COUNCIL. Established in 1919, together with an architectural workshop under the supervision of architect I.A. Fomin. Among the council's members were architects A.E. Belogrud and V.A. Shchuko, artists Alexander N. Benois and M.V

Preservation of Historical and Cultural Monuments

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Pushkarev V.A. (1915-2002), art historian, museum worker

PUSHKAREV Vasily Alexeevich (1915-2002), art historian, museum worker, honoured worker of arts of the Russian Federation (1994), honorary member of the Academy of Arts (2002)

Religious and Philosophical Assemblies

RELIGIOUS AND PHILOSOPHICAL ASSEMBLIES, held from November 1901 to April 1903 in the hall of the Russian Geographical Society at 2 Chernysheva Square (today, Lomonosova Square). They were started on the initiative of D. S. Merezhkovsky, Z. N

Russian Museum, State

RUSSIAN MUSEUM, State was founded on 13 April 1895 by the decree of Emperor Nicholas II as the Russian Museum of Emperor Alexander III with the purpose of gathering the collections of Russian art

S. M. Kirov Museum

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St. Petersburg in the Fine Arts (entry)

ST. PETERSBURG IN THE FINE ARTS. Artists started to make representations of St. Petersburg soon after the city's founding. Alexey Zubov was the first to create the panoramic view of St

Starinny (Old) Theatre

STARINNY (OLD) THEATRE, drama theatre. Functioned in the season of 1907/08 at Kononovsky Hall, 61 Moika River Embankment (today the University for Telecommunication), and 1911/12 in the exhibition halls of Solyanoy Settlement, 9b Solyanoy Lane

Starye Gody (The Bygone Years), journal

STARYE GODY (The Bygone Years), a journal, a monthly for art and antiquity lovers, appearing in 1907-16 as a publication of The Circle of Russian Deluxe Edition Lovers

State University, St. Petersburg

STATE UNIVERSITY, ST. PETERSBURG (SPSU) (7/9 Universitetskaya Embankment) is one of the largest educational, scientific and cultural centers of Russia. The university comes from the Academic University

Telyakovsky V.A. (1861-1924), dramatist

TELYAKOVSKY Vladimir Arkadyevich (1861, St. Petersburg [?] - 1924, Leningrad), dramatist, Privy Councillor (1909). After graduating from the Page Corps, he served with the Guards from 1879 to 1898

Tenisheva M.K. (1867 or 1864-1928), public figure, artist

TENISHEVA (nee Pyatkovskaya) Maria Klavdievna (1867 or 1864, St. Petersburg - 1928), Princess and public figure, Maecenas, an artist. The wife of Prince V.N. Tenishev. Studied at the Central School for Technical Drawing under Y.F. Tsionglinsky and I

Theatre Library

THEATRE LIBRARY, St. Petersburg State (2 Zodchego Rossi Street), the oldest theatre library of Russia. The library is thought to have been founded in 1756, the year when Russian professional theatre first appeared (see Russian Tragedy and Comedy

Tovstonogov Bolshoy Drama Theatre

TOVSTONOGOV BOLSHOY DRAMA THEATRE (BDT), academic theater located at 65 Fontanka Embankment, founded in 1919 by the joint effort of A.A. Blok (director), M. Gorky (in 1932-92 bore his name) and M.F

World of Art, Association

WORLD OF ART, an art association. Begun in the mid-1890s by a circle of students, the main body including graduates of K. I. May's Gymnasium, such as Alexander N. Benois, W. F. Nouvel, and D. V. Filosofov, who were later joined by L. S. Bakst, S. P