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Entries / Printing Yard, a Printing house

Printing Yard, a Printing house

Categories / Economy/Industry

PRINTING YARD (15 Chkalovsky Avenue) is a printing house, the largest producer of books and journals in the North-Western Region of Russia. It originates from the printing house of the Commission For Developing Laws established in 1817; from 1882, it was known as the First State Printing House (before 1910, it was located at 2 Inzhenernaya Street). The Printing Yard published state orders and reports, accounts and projects of the State Assembly, and the accounts and bills of the State Duma after its establishment in 1906. The Code Of Laws of the Russian Empire in many volumes was published here. The printing house was the best in the country in terms of technical equipment and output capacity. After October 1917 the Printing Yard followed the orders of the Petrograd Soviet, from 1920 - of the Petrograd department of the State Publishing House. In 1922, it was called the Printing Yard; in 1937, it was named after M. Gorky. In the 1920-30s, agitation and propaganda literature and fiction, mostly compositions by Russian and foreign classical writers, children's books, and popular science books were published here. The printing house published special ABC books for adults in the course of the campaign against illiteracy. From the beginning of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, the Printing Yard provided printed materials for the Leningrad and the North-Western fronts, and helped re-equip and repair army printing houses. In 1942, its equipment was evacuated to Perm. In 1944, the printing house resumed its operations. Political, scientific, educational literature, fiction, and post cards were published here. A new printing technique was tested and used in the Printing Yard. At the beginning of the 2000s the Printing Yard mainly published books (circa 300 titles a month) along with journals, newspapers, advertisements, calendars, forms, and labels.

References: Сафьян Б. И., Марвиц З. Б. Орденоносный "Печатный двор": Очерк истории типографии А. М. Горького. М., 1969; "Печатный Двор" - производственно-техническое объединение. М., 1978.

V. S. Solomko.

Gorky Maxim (Alexey Maximovich Peshkov)

Chkalovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 15
Inzhenernaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2

Сафьян Б. И., Марвиц З. Б. Орденоносный "Печатный двор": Очерк истории тип. А. М. Горького. М., 1969
"Печатный Двор" - производственно-техническое объединение. М., 1978

The subject Index
State Assembly
State Duma

Chkalovsky Avenue

CHKALOVSKY AVENUE, between Krasnogo Kursanta Street and Karpovka River Embankment. The avenue was formed in the 18th century out of the length of Porkhovskaya Street, which ran as far as Bolshaya Raznochinnaya Street

Petrogradsky District

PETROGRADSKY DISTRICT, an administrative and territorial unit of St. Petersburg, with its administration located at 19 Bolshaya Monetnaya Street. The district was formed in 1917, and in 1936 the Primorsky District was separated from its territory