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Entries / Lieutenant Schmidt Bridge

Lieutenant Schmidt Bridge

Categories / Architecture/Bridges

LIEUTENANT SCHMIDT BRIDGE (in 1850-55 Blagoveshchensky, in 1855-1918 Nikolaevsky, in memory of Emperor Nicholas I). It was the first permanent bridge built over the Bolshaya Neva River, linking Truda Square (formerly Blagoveshchenskaya, hence its original name) with the Seventh Line of Vasilievsky Island. It was renamed in memory of the 1905-07 revolutionary hero P.P. Schmidt (1867-1906). The bridge was built in 1843-50 [engineer S.V. Kerbedz with the contribution of М.G. Destrem, architect А.P. Bryullov (?)]. It consisted of seven spans, arched with cast-iron ribbed arched decks, and single opening span on the right river bank with two swing iron decks. The rough-hewn stone piers were faced with granite. In 1936-38 the bridge was reconstructed (engineers G.P. Peredery, V.I. Kryzhanovsky, architects K.M. Dmitriev, L.A. Noskov). The cast-iron arches were replaced with three-span solid welded steel girders. The opening span, which rises from both sides, was placed in the middle of the bridge. The original pivot span was replaced with a reinforced concrete vault with granite facing. The cast-iron railings with sea-horse patterns were retained within the newly built spans. The dismantled cast-iron arches strengthened with reinforced concrete slabs of the bridge were installed on the bridge over the Volga River in the city of Kalinin (now Tver) in 1953-56. In 1975-76, major repair work on the opening span was undertaken (engineers B.B. Levin, B.N. Brudno). Length: approximately 365 metres, width: 24 metres.

D. Y. Guzevich, S. Z. Suponitsky, N. М. Kozlovskaya.

Brudno Boris Naumovich
Bryullov Boris Pavlovich
Destrem Moritz Gugovich
Dmitriev Konstantin Mikhailovich
Kerbedz Stanislav Valerianovich
Kryzhanovsky V.I.
Levin B.B.
Nicholas I, Emperor
Noskov Lev Alexandrovich
Peredery Grigory Petrovich
Schmidt Peter Petrovich

7th Line of Vasilievsky Island/Saint Petersburg, city
Truda Square/Saint Petersburg, city


Bridges (entry)

BRIDGES, an integral part of the urban planning structure and architectural appearance of St. Petersburg. In 2002, the city numbered 342 bridges of various kinds and types; in Kronstadt: 5 bridges, Pushkin: 54 bridges, Petrodvorets: 51 bridges

Bryullov A.P. (1798-1877), architect

BRYULLOV Alexander Pavlovich (1798 - 1877, St. Petersburg), architect, aquarellist, architecture theorist, specialist in construction technique. Brother of K. P. Bryullov

Kerbedz S.V., (1810-1899), engineer

KERBEDZ Stanislav Valerianovich (1810-1899), engineer, Actual Privy Counsellor (1881), corresponding member (1851) and honorary member (1858) of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, honorary member of the Academy of Fine Arts (1850)

Peredery G. P. (1871-1953), engineer

PEREDERY, Grigory Petrovich (1871-1953), engineer, bridge construction expert, associate academy member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1943; corresponding member from 1939), director general of communications and construction of the first rank

Shulgin D.I. governor-general in 1848-54

SHULGIN Dmitry Ivanovich (1785-1854, St. Petersburg), statesman and combat leader, infantry general (1848). After graduating from the boarding school of Moscow university (1800) he served in the Guards, took part in the Russo-French wars of 1805

St. Andrew’s Cathedral

ST. ANDREW’S CATHEDRAL, located at 21-23 Bolshoy Avenue, Vasilievsky Island, an architectural monument of the 18th century. It was erected in 1764-68 (by architects A. F. Wist, A. A

Territory of the City (entry)

TERRITORY OF THE CITY. In the 16th century, settlements subordinated to Spassky, Gorodensky, Nikolsky, Izhorsky and Vozdvizhensky Korboselsky churchyards of Great Novgorod existed on the territory of the present-day St. Petersburg

Truda Square

TRUDA SQUARE, known as Blagoveshchenskaya Street from the 1830s to the 1880s, then called Blagoveshchenskaya Square until 1918. The square is surrounded by Angliiskaya Embankment, Konnogvardeysky Boulevard

Vasilievsky Island

VASILIEVSKY ISLAND, the largest island in the estuary of the Neva 1,090 hectares in area. The island is washed by the Bolshaya Neva in the south and the Malaya Neva in the northeast