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Entries / St. Nicholas’ Edinoverie Church

St. Nicholas’ Edinoverie Church

Categories / Religion. Church/Places of Worship (see also Architecture and Urban Planning)
Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Religious Architecture (see also Religion.Church)

ST. NICHOLAS’ EDINOVERIE CHURCH, located at 24a Marata Street. An architectural monument of the late Empire style. The church was built on land bought by merchant K. Z. Chursinov. The construction works commissioned by the Edinoverie Community were carried out in 1820-38 under the guidance of architect A. I. Melnikov. The facade of the magnificent building was decorated with a six-column grand Doric portico, with Doric columns on the second tier. The church is crowned with a cupola on a rectangular foundation. The interior is decorated with Corinthian columns with gilded capitals and an extended cornice. Icons in the old style were painted by Moscow artists M. S. Peshekhonov and V. M. Peshekhonov. There are two chapels arranged within the precinct. In 1868, architect M. A. Shchurupov added a vestibule to the building. The cathedral treasured many ancient icons and ancient texts (including Ivan Fedorov's Apostle, published in 1574). Since 1908, the church had a congregational community, which kept an alms-house, supported the School of Tsarevich Alexey and the Women’s Gymnasium; it also published the Voice of Church Magazine. In 1919, the church became a cathedral and the seat of the first Bishop of the Edinoverie Сhurch. It was closed in May 1931. After some reconstruction in 1934, the building housed the Museum of the Arctic and the Antarctic. In 1992, it was decided to return the church to the Edinoverie Community. However, in 1993 only the chapel was returned; it is where now the St. Nicholas Edinoverie Church functions.

References: Антонов В. В., Кобак А. В. Святыни Санкт-Петербурга: Ист.-церков. энцикл. СПб., 1996. Т. 3. С. 198-199.

V. V. Antonov.

Alexey Nikolaevich, Tsesarevitch
Chursinov K.Z.
Fedorov Ivan (real name Moskvitin Ivan Fedorovich)
Melnikov Avraam Ivanovich
Peshekhonov Makar S.
Peshekhonov Vasily Makarovich
Shchurupov Mikhail Arefievich

Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 24, litera л. А

Антонов В. В., Кобак А. В. Святыни Санкт-Петербурга: Ист.-церков. энцикл.: В 3 т. СПб., 1994-1996

The subject Index
Arctic and Antarctic, Museum of the


Arctic and Antarctic, Museum of the

ARCTIC AND ANTARCTIC, Museum of the, located at 24а Marata Street. It is the only museum in Russia and the biggest museum in the world devoted to natural environment of the polar regions of the Earth


EDINOVERTSY, (singular edinoverets) Orthodox believers that have preserved "old" rites and devotions (which existed before the reforms of Nikon), but who are subordinated to the hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox church

Kuznechny Lane

KUZNECHNY LANE, connects Zagorodny Avenue and Vladimirskaya Square with Ligovsky Avenue. In the 1740s, this territory was settled by blacksmiths serving the court. In the 1760s, the Church of Our Lady of Vladimir was erected along the street

Marata Street

MARATA STREET (in the 18th century - Preobrazhenskaya Polkovaya Street, in the first half of the 19th century - Gryaznaya Street, in 1855-1918 - Nikolaevskaya Street after Emperor Nicholas I), between Nevsky Prospect and Podiezdnoy Lane

Melnikov А.I. (1784-1854), architect

MELNIKOV Avraam Ivanovich (1784, Oranienbaum - 1854, St. Petersburg), architect, associate academy member. Representative of the late Empire style. In 1795-1806, he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in the class of А.D. Zakharov