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Entries / Railway University

Railway University

Categories / Science. Education/Educational Institutions

RAILWAY UNIVERSITY, Petersburg State Railway University situated at 9 Moskovsky Avenue. It was founded as the Institute of the Corps of Railroad Engineers in 1809, renamed as the Institute of Railroad Engineers in 1924. It was again renamed the Leningrad Institute of Railway Transport Engineers in 1930 and named after Member of the Academy V. N Obraztsov in 1949, a name that it held until it received its present-day name in 1993. It was one of the first technical universities in Russia acting as a private military-type university until 1864, with only one department until 1917. A number of transport universities were established on its structure in 1929-31, including for railway and water transport, highway, civil air fleet, and transport academy. Among members of the institute were N. A. Belelyubsky, B. E. Vedeneev, Y. M. Gakkel, G. O. Graftio, A. N. Krylov, S. Y. Zhuk, D. I. Zhuravsky, S. V. Kerbedz, P. P. Melnikov, D. I. Mendeleev, V. N. Obraztsov, M. B. Ostrogradsky, G. P. Peredery, and E. O. Paton. The institute has its own museum opened in 1813 and now known as the Museum of Railway Transport. There were the following departments in 2002: mechanics, bridges and tunnels, construction, transportation management, electromechanics, electrical engineering, economics and social management, resident and nonresident (evening) courses, and correspondence studies. There is also a geological survey base and a Centre of Additional Vocational Education. Based on the Railway University is the only Russian Institute of Industrial and Mining Transport. The university is situated in the former Yusupov Palace built in the mid-18th century and rebuilt by architect G. Quarenghi in 1790, as well as in buildings specially rebuilt for the university by architects A. D. Gotman in 1823 and I. S. Kitner in 1893-95.

References: Ленинградский ордена Ленина институт инженеров железнодорожного транспорта имени академика В. Н. Образцова, 1809-1959. М., 1960; Достойны высшего признания: выдающиеся представители первого трансп. вуза России в высш. науч. и творч. учреждениях страны. СПб., 1999.

А. P. Kupaygorodskaya.

Belelyubsky Nikolay Apollonovich
Gakkel Yakov Modestovich
Gotman Andrey Danilovich
Graftio Heinrich Osipovich
Kerbedz Stanislav Valerianovich
Kitner Ieronim Sevastianovich
Krylov Alexander Nikolaevich
Melnikov Pavel Petrovich
Mendeleev Dmitry Ivanovich
Obraztsov Vladimir Nikolaevich
Ostrogradsky Mikhail Vasilievich
Paton Evgeny Oskarovich
Peredery Grigory Petrovich
Vedeneev Boris Evgenievich
Zhuk Sergey Yakovlevich
Zhuravsky Dmitry Ivanovich

Moskovsky Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 9

Достойны высшего признания: выдающиеся представители первого транспортного вуза России в высш. науч. и творч. учреждениях страны. СПб., 1999
Ленинградский ордена Ленина институт инженеров железнодорожного транспорта имени академика В. Н. Образцова, 1809-1959. М., 1960

The subject Index
Rail Transport Museum


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