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Entries / Literaturnaya gazeta (Literary Newspaper), 1830-1831, 1840-1849

Literaturnaya gazeta (Literary Newspaper), 1830-1831, 1840-1849

Categories / Press. Mass Media/Periodical Press/Newspapers

LITERATURNAYA GAZETA (Literary Newspaper). 1) The paper appeared from 1 January 1830 to 30 July 1831, published every five days, coming to a total of 109 issues (72 - in 1830, 37 - in 1831), under A.A. Delvig's editorship until 12 October 1830 (64 issues), and from 9 October 1830 O. М. Somov was editor (as a condition for the resumption of its publication after it had been suspended by censorship). Alexander Pushkin had been actively engaged in its organisation and publication until he left St. Petersburg in March of 1830. After Delvig's death P. A. Pletnev took up the newspaper. The Literaturnaya gazeta was conceived as an organ of the literary group close to Pushkin, thus translating into action the idea of its own journal, which emerged at the time of the journal Arzamas. In the literary and public minds the newspaper was perceived as an alternative to F. V. Bulgarins newspaper Severnaya Pchela both became involved in polemics revolving around the juxtaposition of the literary aristocracy and the literary industry. The paper was aimed mainly at litterateurs. In 1830 the paper had 100 subscribers, and was published in K. Kray's printing house (Gorokhovaya Street, section of house 11). The newspaper published passages from novels, narratives, poetry, critical articles and those on popular science, bibliographies; V. P. Langer's regular series of St. Petersburg art events reviews. The newspaper staff body was comprised of the contributors to the almanac Severnye tsvety. The periodical laid emphasise on new works of Russian and European literature. The Literaturnaya Gazeta also published Nikolay Gogol's and A. V. Koltsov's first works. 2) A newspaper published in 1840-49, a rebranded version of the Literaturnye Pribavleniya k Russkomu Invalidu. Its subheading read Vestnik Nauk, Iskusstv, Literatury, Novostey, Teatrov i Mod. The paper passed through several editors, including A.A. Krayevsky, as the publisher and editor-in-chief; F.А. Koni (1841), N. А. Polevoy (1845), R. M. Zotov (1847-49). The paper maintained Pushkin's position in the polemics with the triumvirate of journals (Severnaya pchela, Biblioteka dlya chteniya, Syn Otechestva), Bulgarin's manner and the editorial tactics of the Severnaya Pchela, were exposed in Koni's vaudeville-comedy Petersburg apartment, which enjoyed an acclaimed success on the Petersburg stage in the season in 1840-41. Nikolay Nekrasov headed the Petersburg Chronicle section (1844), Vissarion Belinsky's articles were regularly published in the newspaper until 1845.

References: Блинова Е. М. Литературная газета А. А. Дельвига и А. С. Пушкина, 1830-1831: Указ. содерж. М., 1966; Литературная газета А. С. Пушкина и А. А. Дельвига. 1830 год, № 1-13. М., 1988; Талашов Г. П. Литературная газета А. А. Краевского, Ф. А. Кони и Н. А. Некрасова в литературной полемике 1840-1845 гг. // Карабиха: Ист.-лит. сб. Ярославль, 1993. Вып. 2. С. 200-224.

I. E. Vasilyeva.

Bar German
Belinsky Vissarion Grigorievich
Bulgarin Faddei Venediktovich
Delwig Anton Antonovich
Gogol Nikolay Vasilievich
Koltsov Alexey Vasilievich
Koni Fedor Alexeevich
Kraevsky Andrey Alexandrovich
Kray K.K.
Nekrasov Nikolay Alexeevich
Pletnev Peter Alexandrovich
Polevoy Nikolay Alexeevich
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Somov Orest Mikhailovich

Gorokhovaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 11

Блинова Е. М. "Литературная газета" А. А. Дельвига и А. С. Пушкина, 1830-1831: Указ. содерж. М., 1966
Талашов Г. П. "Литературная газета" А. А. Краевского, Ф. А. Кони и Н. А. Некрасова в литературной полемике 1840-45 гг. // Карабиха: Ист.-лит. сб. Ярославль, 1993
"Литературная газета" А. С. Пушкина и А. А. Дельвига, 1830 год, № 1-13. М., 1988

The subject Index
Arzamas, Literary Circle
Severnaya Pchela (Northern Bee), journal, newspaper
Severnye Tsvety (Northern Flowers), almanac
Russky Invalid (The Russian Invalid), newspaper
Biblioteka Dlya Chteniya (The Reader's Library), journal
Syn Otechestva (Son of the Fatherland), journal


Delwig A.A. (1798-1831), poet, journalist

DELWIG Anton Antonovich (1798-1831, St. Petersburg), poet, critic, journalist, baron, Collegiate assessor (1826). Resided in St. Petersburg from 1811. Graduated from the Tsarskoselsky Lyceum (1817, was a schoolmate of Alexander Pushkin)

Gogol N.V. (1809-1852), writer

GOGOL Nikolay Vasilievich (1809-1852), writer. Graduated from Poltava Provincial School (1819) and Nezhinsk Gymnasium of Higher Sciences (1828). In 1828 moved to St

Kraevsky А.А. (1810-1889), publisher

KRAEVSKY Andrey Alexandrovich (1810-1889, Pavlovsk, of the St. Petersburg province), publisher, journalist, public figure. He graduated from the Department of Philosophy of Moscow University (1828), and in 1831 settled in St. Petersburg

Nekrasov N. A. (1821-1877), poet

NEKRASOV Nikolay Alexeevich (1821-1877, St. Petersburg), poet, prose writer. In 1838 came to St. Petersburg to enroll at the University (in 1839-40 audited classes as an irregular student), in contrary to his father's will

Newspapers (entry)

NEWSPAPERS, russian gazeta from Italian gazzetta - small coin. The first periodical, that appeared in St. Petersburg was the Vedomosti (11 May 1711; previously it was published in Moscow; until 1719 in St. Petersburg and Moscow; from 1719 only in St

Odoevsky V.F. (1804-1869), writer and philosopher

ODOEVSKY Vladimir Fedorovich (1804-1869), prince, prose writer, philosopher, critic, and musician promoted to Actual Civil Counsellor in 1845, Chamberlain in 1858, and Presiding Senator in 1865

Periodicals (entry)

PERIODICALS, a form of mass media. Their history dates back to the early 18th century when newspapers first emerged as purely information leaflets (publishing event reports buy and sell advertisements etc.)

Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich (1799-1837), poet

PUSHKIN Alexander Sergeevich (1799-1837, St. Petersburg), poet, prose writer, playwright, historian, journalist. Studied at the Imperial Lyceum at Tsarskoe Selo (1811-17; memorial plaque; presently a memorial museum)

Russky Invalid (The Russian Invalid), newspaper

RUSSKY INVALID (The Russian Invalid), a newspaper (in 1816-42 Russky Invalid, ili Voennye Vedomosti. The paper was founded in 1813 by civil servant P. P. Pezarovius (editor in 1813-15 and 1840-47) as a private charity publication (the entire revenue

Vyazemsky P.A. (1792-1878), poet

VYAZEMSKY Peter Andreevich (1792-1878), duke, poet, literary critic, statesman, full member of the Russian Academy, member of Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1841), member of the State Assembly (from 1866)