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Entries / Pravda (The Truth), newspaper

Pravda (The Truth), newspaper

Categories / Press. Mass Media/Periodical Press/Newspapers

PRAVDA (The Truth), a daily legal Bolshevik newspaper, was in operation from April 1912 until July 1914 and from March 1917, on account of censorship it repeatedly changed its name. The circulation fluctuated from 20,000 to a high of 100,000 copies. With Lenin as the ideological leader (published in the Pravda about 480 articles), the paper published contributions of М. I. Kalinin, N. V. Krylenko, V. M. Molotov, M. S. Olminsky, N. I. Podvoysky, F. F. Raskolnikov, Y. M. Sverdlov, I. V. Stalin et al., the conceptual orientation of the literary section to a greater extent was determined by Maxim Gorky and Demyan Bedny. The editorial board had its seat at 37 Nikolaevskaya (today Marata) Street (memorial plaque), 32 Moika River Embankment (memorial plaque; in 1984-91 the V. I. Lenin and the Pravda museum operated there, today it houses the St. Petersburg Press History Museum). The newspaper was printed in the Khudozhestvennaya Pechat printing works (Ivanovskaya, now 14 Sotsialisticheskaya Street, memorial plaque; today the Pravda printing-house), the Trud (40 Kavalergardskaya Street, memorial plaque) printing-house. Since March 1918 the paper has been published in Moscow. The paper gave its name to a street (Pravda Street, until 1923 Kabinetskaya Street).

References: Вечтомова Е. А. Здесь печаталась Правда: Очерк истории типографии № 4. Л., 1969; Русская литература и журналистика начала XX века, 1905-1917: Большевист. и общедемокр. изд. М., 1984. С. 54-82.

D. N. Cherdakov.

Bedny Demyan (real name Pridvorov E.A.)
Gorky Maxim (Alexey Maximovich Peshkov)
Kalinin Mikhail Ivanovich
Krylenko Nikolay Vasilievich
Lenin (real name Ulyanov) Vladimir Ilyich
Molotov (real name Skryabin) Vyacheslav Mikhailovich
Olminsky Mikhail Stepanovich
Podvoysky Nikolay Ilyich
Raskolnikov Fedor Fedorovich
Stalin (real name Dzhugashvili) Iosif Vissarionovich
Sverdlov Yakov Mikhailovich

Kavalergardskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 40
Marata St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 37
Moika River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 32
Pravdy St./Saint Petersburg, city
Sotsialisticheskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 14

Вечтомова Е. А. Здесь печаталась "Правда": Очерк истории типографии № 4. Л., 1969
Русская литература и журналистика начала XX века, 1905-1917: Большевист. и общедемокр. изд. М., 1984

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