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Entries / Arts, The House of, literary society

Arts, The House of, literary society

Categories / Literature. Book Publishing/Salons, Circles, Creative Associations and Unions

Arts, The House of, an organisation for literary figures. It was founded by K. I. Chukovsky, M. Gorky, A. N. Tikhonov. Opened on 19 November 1919 in the former house of the Eliseev family at 15 Nevsky Prospect / 59 Moika River Embankment. It was governed by a council. A. A. Akhmatova, A. A. Blok, A. L. Volynsky, Gorky, M. V. Dobuzhinsky, E. I. Zamyatin, K. S. Petrov-Vodkin, N. N. Punin et al. were members at various times. Destined to solve problems and provide social help to artists, the House of Arts became a hostel for many of them: Volynsky, A. S. Grin, N. S. Gumilev (it was here that he was arrested in August 1921), M. M. Zoshchenko, L. N. Lunz, O. E. Mandelstam, V. A. Pyast, V. A. Rozhdestvensky, M. L. Slonimsky, O. D. Forsh, V. F. Khodasevich, M. S. Shaginyan et al. lived here. Literary soirees were routinely held in the House of Arts, A. Bely, Blok, Grin, Gumilev, Zamyatin, Zoshchenko, G. V. Ivanov, N. A. Klyuev, M. A. Kuzmin, Lunz, Mandelstam, V. V. Mayakovsky, N. N. Nikitin, A. M. Remizov et al. read here compositions written by them; A. V. Amfiteatrov, N. N. Evreinov, V. M. Zhirmunsky, A. F. Koni, Petrov-Vodkin, Chukovsky, V. B. Shklovsky, B. M. Eichenbaum et al. gave lectures, public debates were sponsored, exhibitions of works by contemporary artists, musical evenings and concerts were arranged. The emergence of Literary Groups Serapion's Brothers, the Sounding Shell, Inhabitants of the Island is connected with the work of the literary studio of the House of Arts where general courses were given and practical lessons were held. Debates were sponsored in the House of Arts, lectures of the Free Philosophical Association were given, sittings of OPOYaZ were held etc.; E. L. Schwarz, Y. P. Annenkov, V. Khlebnikov, S. A. Esenin, A. B. Mariengof, N. N. Aseev, B. L. Pasternak, H. Wells and many others were among visitors and guests of the House of Arts. The book shop of the House of Arts was located at 14 Herzen Street (today Bolshaya Morskaya Street). Only two issues of of the journal of the House of Arts were published in 1921. It was closed in the autumn of 1922. The activity of the House of Arts, the real centre of intellectual-artistic life of Petrograd became an example of creative communication, intense spiritual searching in a time of devastation, asperity, and social chaos. It was described in the novel by Forsh Crazy Ship; Khodasevich, Chukovsky, Slonimsky, Rozhdestvensky, Zamyatin, R. V. Ivanov-Razumnik, N. N. Berberova, I. V. Odoevtseva, V. A. Kaverin et al. left their memoirs about the House of Arts.

References: Шульц С. С. Дом Искусств. СПб., 1997; Тимина С. И. Культурный Петербург: ДИСК - 1920-е гг. СПб., 2001.

D. N. Cherdakov.

Akhmatova Anna Andreevna
Amfiteatrov Alexander Valentinovich
Annenkov Yury Pavlovich
Aseev Nikolay Nikolaevich
Bely Andrey (real name Bugaev Boris Nikolaevich)
Berberova Nina Nikolaevna
Blok G.P.
Chukovsky Korney Ivanovich
Dobuzhinsky Mstislav Valerianovich
Eichenbaum Boris Mikhailovich
Esenin Sergey Alexandrovich
Evreinov Nikolay Nikolaevich
Forsh Olga Dmitrievna
Gorky Maxim (Alexey Maximovich Peshkov)
Grin Alexander Stepanovich
Gumilev Nikolay Stepanovich
Ivanov Georgy Vladimirovich
Ivanov-Razumnik (real name Razumnik Vasilievich Ivanov)
Kaverin Veniamin Alexandrovich
Khlebnikov Velimir (real name Viktor Vladimirovich)
Khodasevich Vladimir Felitsianovich
Klyuev Nikolay Alexeevich
Koni Anatoly Fedorovich
Kuzmin Mikhail Alexeevich
Lunz Lev Natanovich
Mandelstam Osip Emilievich
Mariengof Anatoly Borisovich
Mayakovsky Vladimir Vladimirovich
Nikitin Nikolay Nikolaevich
Odoevtseva Irina Vladimirovna (real name Heinecke Iraida Gustavovna )
Pasternak Boris Leonidovich
Petrov-Vodkin Kuzma Sergeevich
Punin Nikolay Nikolaevich
Pyast Vladimir Alexeevich
Remizov Alexey Mikhailovich
Rozhdestvensky Vsevolod Alexandrovich
Schwarz Evgeny Lvovich
Shaginyan Marietta Sergeevna
Shklovsky Viktor Borisovich
Slonimsky Mikhail Leonidovich
the Eliseevs
Tikhonov Alexander Nikolaevich
Volynsky (Flexer) Akim Lvovich
Wells Herbert George
Zamyatin Evgeny Ivanovich
Zhirmunsky Viktor Maximovich
Zoschenko Mikhail Mikhailovich

Moika River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 59
Nevsky prospect/Saint Petersburg, city, house 15

Шульц С. С. Дом Искусств. СПб., 1997
Тимина С. И. Культурный Петербург: ДИСК, 1920-е гг. СПб., 2001.

The subject Index
Serapion's Brothers


Annenkov Y.P. (1889-1974), artist

ANNENKOV Yury Pavlovich (1889-1974), graphic artist, painter, scene designer, and writer. He lived in St. Petersburg from 1894. He studied in S. M. Seidenberg 's studio, Y. M. Tsionglinsky's workshop in 1909-11, and in Paris in 1911-12

Chicherin House

CHICHERIN HOUSE (Kosikovsky House, Eliseev House) (15 Nevsky Prospect), monument of early Neoclassical architecture. Built in 1768-71 (architect unknown, possibly G.B. Vallin de la Mothe or Y.M. Felten) for general chief of police N.I

Chukovsky K.I. (1882-1969), writer

CHUKOVSKY Korney Ivanovich (real name Nikolay Vasilievich Korneychukov) (1882, St. Petersburg - 1969), a children's poet, critic, literary expert and translator. He was the father of L.K. Chukovskaya. Chukovsky came to St. Petersburg in 1904

Forsh O.D. (1873-1961), writer

FORSH (nee Komarova) Olga Dmitrievna (1873-1961, Tyarlevo, near Pavlovsk), writer. Graduated from Nikolaevsky Orphane Girls' Institute in Moscow in 1891. She studied painting at various art schools, including the home studio of artist P.P

Gorky Maxim (1868-1936), writer

GORKY Maxim (real name Maxim Peshkov) (1868-1936), writer, playwright, publicist, public figure. First visited St. Petersburg in September–October 1899. In 1900 joined the Znanie Publishing Company; and headed it for over ten years

Grin A.S. (1880-1932), writer

GRIN (real name Grinevsky) Alexander Stepanovich (1880-1932), writer. For the first time came to St. Petersburg either in 1905 or in 1906 illegally, drifted together with A. I. Kuprin, who introduced him into literary circles

Gumilev N.S. (1886-1921), poet

GUMILEV Nikolay Stepanovich (1886, Kronstadt - 1921, near St. Petersburg), poet, translator, critic. He spent his childhood in Tsarskoe Selo, from 1896 was in St. Petersburg, and studied at the Gymnasium of Y.G. Gurevich

Literary Men, House of, Literary Organization

Literary Men, House of, the literary and education organization. It was opened on 1 December 1918. It was situated at 11 Basseinaya Street (today Nekrasovа Street)

Nevsky Prospect

NEVSKY PROSPECT known as Bolshaya Pershpektivnaya Road or Bolshaya Pershpektiva until 1738, Nevskaya Prospektivaya Street or Nevskaya Perspektiva in 1738-1780s, and 25 October Avenue in 1918-44 so named in memory of the October Revolution of 1917

Odoevtseva I.V. (1895-1990), writer

ODOEVTSEVA Irina Vladimirovna (real name Heinecke Iraida Gustavovna ) (1895-1990, Leningrad), poet, prose writer, author of memoirs. In 1918 she came to Petrograd. Attended lectures of the Institute of the Living Word (1918-21)

Rozhdestvensky V.A. (1895-1977), poet

ROZHDESTVENSKY Vsevolod Alexandrovich (1895, Tsarskoe Selo of St. Petersburg province - 1977, Leningrad), a poet. He graduated from the First St. Petersburg Gymnasia and began to appear in the press in 1910

Schwarz E.L.(1896-1858), playwright

SCHWARZ Evgeny Lvovich (1896-1958, Leningrad), playwright and prose writer. He studied at the Faculty of Law of Moscow University in 1914-16, although he did not graduate

Slonimsky M.L. (1897-1972), writer

SLONIMSKY Mikhail Leonidovich (1897, St. Petersburg - 1972, Leningrad), writer. He graduated from the Fourth Classic (Larinskaya) Gymnasium (15 Sixth Line of Vasilievsky Island), and went to the front line as a volunteer in 1915

Tikhonov N.S. (1896-1979), writer

TIKHONOV Nikolay Semenovich (1896, St. Petersburg - 1979), poet, prose writer, public figure, hero of Socialist Labour (1966). He held the post of a secretary of the Writers Union of the USSR (from 1944). He graduated from St

Tynyanov Y.N. (1894-1943), writer and literature historian

TYNYANOV Yury Nikolaevich (1894-1943), a philologist and writer. He lived in St. Petersburg - Petrograd - Leningrad interruptedly between 1912 and 1941, evacuated soon after the beginning of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45