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Entries / Freindlikh B.A., (1909-2002), actor

Freindlikh B.A., (1909-2002), actor

Categories / Art/Music, Theatre/Personalia

FREINDLIKH Bruno Arturovich (1909 - 2002, St. Petersburg), actor, People's Artist of the USSR (1974). In 1931-34, studied at the Dramatics School (today Academy of Dramatic Arts), from which he did not graduate; then in 1936-38 he studied at the Leningrad Institute for the Professional Development of Art Workers. Began performing on the stage in 1931. In 1931-33 worked as an actor for the Leningrad Kolkhoz Theatre of Working Youth (a branch of Leningrad Theatre of Working Youth); then in 1933-34 and 1936-41 he acted at the Leningrad State Regional Party Committee of the All-Union Leninist Communist Youth League Theatre. In 1934-35 he acted at the Tashkent Theatre of the Red Army, and in 1935-36 at the Borovichi Town Drama Theatre. In 1941-44, he worked at the Leningrad Young Spectators' Theatre, in 1946-48 at the Bolshoy Drama Theatre, then in 1945-46 and 1948-2002 at Leningrad Pushkin Drama Theatre. According to an outdated system of actor-categorisation, he was considered a "raisonneur." He advanced the frontiers of this specialisation with his exceptional mastery, playing heroic and character parts. He gained a reputation for being an intellectual actor and a master of implication, with a subtle irony and a philosophical manner of dialogue. His best-known roles are Khlestakov in The Inspector General by N.V. Gogol, W. Shakespeare's Hamlet, Baron in The Lower Depths by M. Gorky, Father Seraphim in the play Everything Remains for the People by S.I Aleshin, Fedor Balyasnikov in Old Arbat Fairy Tales by A.N. Arbuzov, Gaev in The Cherry Orchard by A.P. Chekhov, Turgenev in Elegy by P.I. Pavlovsky, and Peer Gynt in the play Peer Gynt by H. Ibsen. In the last years of his life, he did not appear on the stage. Starting in 1947, he appeared in the following films: Markoni in Alexander Popov, Roshchin on Many Roads, Fool Feste in Twelfth Night, and P.P. Kirsanov in Fathers and Sons. He wrote a memoir, which was published in a book of articles about him. Freindlikh was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1951. Buried at Literatorskie Mostky.

Works: 65 Years on the Stage. St. Petersburg, 1998.

A. A. Kirillov.

Aleshin Samuil Iosifovich
Arbuzov Alexsey Nikolaevich
Chekhov Anton Pavlovich
Freindlikh Bruno Arturovich
Gogol Nikolay Vasilievich
Gorky Maxim (Alexey Maximovich Peshkov)
Ibsen Henrik
Pavlovsky Pavel I.
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Shakespeare William
Stalin (real name Dzhugashvili) Iosif Vissarionovich

65 лет на сцене. СПб., 1998

The subject Index
Young People's Theatre
Tovstonogov Bolshoy Drama Theatre
Alexandrinsky Theatre
Literatorskie (Literary) Mostki, the museum-necropolis