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The subject index / St. Petersburg Powder Mill

St. Petersburg Powder Mill

Categories / Economy/Industry

POWDER MILL, Zeleiny Plant, the first enterprise for production of powder (Russian zelye, hence the other name) in St. Petersburg. The mill was founded in 1710 in the north-west part of Berezovy Island at the end of the cut-through, which went from the Kronverk of Peter and Paul Fortress by the left side of the Malaya Nevka (today Vvedenskaya Street, Rybatskaya Street and Bolshaya Zelenina Street). The Powder Mill occupied a vast territory, and was fenced in. It was located near the present-day entrance to Krestovsky Bridge. In 1714 recycling of rotten powder started. In 1719 Powder Mill turned to producing extra quality powder in the Dutch manner under the guidance of foreman P. Schmitt. In the mid-18th century the Powder Mill employed some 100 workers; up to 3,500 pounds of powder were produced annually. Production levels gradually went down. The enterprise was liquidated in 1801. Power Mill buildings were sold and demolished, the equipment and the workforce were transferred to Okhta powder plants. There was a settlement of Zeleinaya Sloboda at the plant (hence the names of of Bolshaya Zelenina Street, Malaya Zelenina Street and Glukhaya Zelenina Street).

Reference: Каменев К. И. Историческое описание Охтенского порохового завода. СПб., 1891.

A. D. Margolis.

Schmitt P.

Bolshaya Zelenina Street/Saint Petersburg, city
Glukhaya Zelenina Street/Saint Petersburg, city
Malaya Zelenina Street/Saint Petersburg, city
Rybatskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city
Vvedenskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city

Каменев К. И. Историческое описание Охтенского порохового завода. СПб., 1891

Bogdanov A.I., (the 1690s-1766), Bibliognost, Historian.

BOGDANOV Andrey Ivanovich (the 1690s - 1766, St. Petersburg), first Russian bibliognost, historian of St. Petersburg, linguist. Worked as a master at the Gunpowder Factory in St. Petersburg from the 1710s, and as a printer at the St

Bolshaya Zelenina Street

BOLSHAYA ZELENINA STREET, running from Maly Avenue of Petrogradskaya Side to Admirala Lazareva Embankment. The street was laid in the 1710s as a road leading from the St

Industrial Architecture (entry)

INDUSTRIAL ARCHITECTURE. Construction of buildings for industrial purposes originally determined the appearance of St. Petersburg and its outskirts. The industrial style buildings included the Admiralty Shipyard, Partikulyarnaya Shipyard

Kuchumov A.M. (1912-1993), museum worker

KUCHUMOV Anatoly Mikhailovich (1912-1993, town of Pushkin), museum worker, art historian, honoured culture worker of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1975), honorary citizen of the town of Pavlovsk (1992)

Okhta, river

OKHTA (from Finnish word meaning "bear; pertaining to a bear"), a river in the east of St. Petersburg, the largest tributary to the Neva River within the limits of the city

Okhtinsky Razliv

OKHTINSKY RAZLIV is an artificial reservoir constructed after the building of the dike at the Okhta River in the area of the Powder Factory in the 19th century. Its lake-shaped bed width is about 5 km long, 250 meters wide and up to 4 meters deep


POROKHOVYE, an area in the north-east of St. Petersburg, on the left bank of the Okhta River, between Rzhevka and Malaya Okhta. It encompasses territories of Malinovka and Zhernovka