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The subject index / Heroic Defenders of Leningrad, Monument to

Heroic Defenders of Leningrad, Monument to

Categories / Architecture/Sculpture, Monuments

HEROIC DEFENDERS OF LENINGRAD, MONUMENT TO was opened in the Pobedy Square 9 June 1975 (the metro station memorial hall was opened 23 February 1978). Architectural-sculptural composition is dominated by a 48-metre obelisk assembled from blocks of the red granite. At the bottom of it one can see a 5 metres bronze sculpture The Victors. There is an opened round hall enclosed by "the torn ring" of concrete and granite with sculptural group on the pedestal beyond the obelisk Blockade made of labradorite. The monument is turned in the direction of Pulkovo Highway, on the front square one can see sculptural groups Pilot and Sailors, National Avengers (Snipers), Defense Works, In the Trenches, Soldiers, The Labour Front (Founders), National Irregulars. In total there are 26 bronze figures in the groups (sculptor M.K. Anikushin). The total architectural design of the ensemble in the Pobedy Square was determined by architects S.B. Speransky, V.A. Kamensky. In an underground hall one can see mosaic panels 1941 and Victory (artists A.A. Mylnikov, S.N. Repin, I.G. Uralov), memorial Chronicle of the Blockade made of 900 copper lists, lists of military units, industrial factories and institutions which took part in the Battle for Leningrad. Competitions for designs were held in 1963-71. Building (on the territory of two hectares) was carried out by people's work over the course of 13 months.

References: Монумент героическим защитникам Ленинграда в годы Великой Отечественной войны: [Фотоальбом] / Авт. вступ. ст. и сост. И. А. Бартенев. М., 1980.

Y. M. Piryutko.

Pobedy Square/Saint Petersburg, city

Монумент героическим защитникам Ленинграда в годы Великой Отечественной войны: [Фотоальбом] / Авт. вступ. ст. и сост. И. А. Бартенев. М., 1980

The subject Index
Siege of 1941-44


Anikushin M.K., (1917-1997), sculptor

ANIKUSHIN Mikhail Konstantinovich (1917, St. Petersburg-1997). Full member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR, People's Artist of the USSR (1963), chairman of the management board for Leningrad Department of the Union of Artists (1962-72, 1986-90)

Anniversaries of Petersburg (centenary, bicentenary, two hundred fiftieth anniversary, tercentenary)

ANNIVERSARIES OF ST. PETERSBURG. St. Petersburg's first anniversary celebration (the city's centenary) took place in 1803. Celebrations started on the morning of 16 May 1803

Defence Constructions of 1941-43

DEFENCE CONSTRUCTION OF 1941-43. Mass defence construction across Leningrad and the Leningrad Region was conducted throughout the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45 by civilians (mainly women

Dudin M.A. (1916-1993), poet

DUDIN Mikhail Alexandrovich (1916-1993, St. Petersburg), poet, public figure. In 1937 entered the evening department of Faculty of Literature of the Ivanov Pedagogical Institute; in 1939 he was conscripted into the Army

Great Patriotic War, Monuments to (entry)

GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR, MONUMENTS TO. The first monuments devoted to the heroic defence of Leningrad appeared in 1944, immediately after the Lifting of the Siege, with concrete steles depicting the Order of the Patriotic War in Memory of the Defensive

Kamensky V.A. (1907-1975), architect.

KAMENSKY Valentin Alexandrovich (1907-1975), architect, national architect of the USSR (1970). In 1931-39, he taught at Leningrad College of Civil Engineers following his graduation from the institute; from 1941

Moskovsky Avenue

MOSKOVSKY AVENUE (in 1918-50 - Mezhdunarodny Avenue, in 1950-56 - Stalina Avenue, after I.V. Stalin), from Sennaya Square to Pobedy Square, one of the main thoroughfares of St

Moskovsky District

MOSKOVSKY DISTRICT is an administrative territorial unit of St. Petersburg. (Its territory administration is located at 129 Moskovsky Avenue) It was founded in 1919, and its present-day borders were established in 1965

People's Volunteer Militia of 1941

PEOPLE'S VOLUNTEER MILITIA (NARODNOE OPOLCHENIE) OF 1941. Volunteer military units formed at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, made up of people not subject to immediate draft upon mobilization

Pobedy Square

POBEDY SQUARE located at the intersection of Moskovsky Avenue, Moskovskoe Freeway, Pulkovskoe Freeway and Krasnoputilovskaya Street, and Ordzhonikidze Street. Until 1962

Speransky S.B. (1914-1983), architect.

SPERANSKY Sergey Borisovich (1914-1983, Leningrad), architect, people's architect of the USSR (1971), full member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1979). He graduated from the Academy of Arts (1941), where he later lectured (from 1947)