Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
The subject index / Memorial Cemetery to the Victims of 9th January

Memorial Cemetery to the Victims of 9th January

Categories / City Services/Cemeteries (see also Architecture and Urban Planning)
Categories / Architecture/Cemeteries (see also Municipal Economy)

MEMORIAL CEMETERY TO THE VICTIMS OF 9TH JANUARY (4 Ninth January Avenue), in Nevsky District near Obukhovo Railway Station. Its square is 76 hectares. It was founded in 1872 as a city cemetery. Until 1925, it had been called Preobrazhenskoe after the pyramid wooden Holy Transfiguration Cathedral (1872, architect P.Y. Suzor; has not remained). At the end of Poltavskaya Street, a reception building for coffin transfer from the city to the cemetery with departments for different confessions was constructed; a railway line connected it with Nikolaevskaya Railway. Special burial carriages transported the load to the platform near the cemetery. In 1888, a military department was created at the cemetery. The stone St. Alexander Nevsky Church (1895-96, engineer-commander V.A. Kolyankovsky; in 1983 it was given to the Old Believers commune and re-sanctified as the Holy Virgin Intercession Church) and wooden Kazan Church (1903-05, architect V.A. Demyanovsky; not preserved) were opened there. In 1881, the executed members of Narodnaya Volya (People’s Will ), who organized an attempt against Emperor Alexander II (see March 1, 1881) were secretly buried there; in 1901, perished participants of the Obukhovo Defence (1901)were also buried at this place. In 1905, mass burials of the victims of Bloody Sunday took place here (in 1931, on site of Kazan Church a monument was erected, architect M.G. Manizer, V.A. Witman). In 1914-16, the military part was renamed the Fraternal Cemetery of the Victims of the Great European War. Over 10,000 soldiers, who died in capital hospitals, were buried there. In 1918, the victims who were killed while demonstrating in favour of the Constituent Assembly on 5(18) January 1918, were buried in a bed of honour. According to some information, victims of mass repressions were secretly buried at the cemetery in the 1930s. In the years of the Great Patriotic War (1941-45), a fortification line went though the cemetery and thousands of those who perished during the Siege were buried there. Among the buried are: polar explorer V.K. Buynitsky, artist A.L. Kaplan, poet L.L. Aronson, entertainers L.M. Kostritsa, M.A. Kuni, Grand Master S.A. Furman, biologist I.I. Present.

Reference: Лукин В. М. Кладбище "Памяти жертв 9 января" // Исторические кладбища Петербурга: Справ.-путеводитель. СПб., 1993. С. 438-449.

A. A. Alexeev.

Alexander II, Emperor
Aronson Leonid Lvovich
Buynitsky Viktor Kharlampievich
Demyanovsky Valentin Alexandrovich
Furman Semen Abramovich
Kaplan Anatoly Lvovich
Kolyankovsky Vladimir Arkadievich
Kostritsa Leonid Mikhailovich
Kuni Mikhail Abramovich
Manizer Matvey Genrikhovich
Prezent Isaak Izraelevich
Suzor Pavel Yulievich
Witman Vladimir Alexandrovich

Devyatogo Yanvarya Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4

Лукин В. М. Кладбище "Памяти жертв 9 января" // Исторические кладбища Петербурга: Справ.-путеводитель. СПб., 1993

The subject Index
First of March, 1881
Obukhovskaya Defence (1901)
Siege of 1941-44


Aronson L.L. (1939-1970), poet

ARONSON Leonid Lvovich (1939, Leningrad - 1970), poet. He graduated from the Herzen State Pedagogical University (1963). He worked as a teacher of literature at the evening school. In the early 1960s he was closely associated with I.A. Brodsky, A.L

Cemeteries (entry)

CEMETERIES. Even before the foundation of St. Petersburg there were several necropolises on the location of the future city: the records of the beginning of the 18th century indicate a Finnish-Swedish cemetery at Elagin (Aptekarsky) Island

Cemeteries to the Victims of Repression

CEMETERIES FOR THE VICTIMS OF REPRESSION, places of mass burial of the victims of political repressions in Petrograd - Leningrad. In 1918-53, Petrograd -Leningrad VChKa (All-Russian Extraordinary Commission, more commonly known as the Cheka)

First of March, 1881

FIRST OF MARCH 1881, the day Emperor Alexander II was assassinated, prepared and accomplished by the party People's Will. The plan included exploding the Emperor's carriage on its way to the Mikhailovsky Manege

Frunzensky District

FRUNZENSKY DISTRICT, an administrative and territorial unit of St. Petersburg, with its administration located at 46 Prazhskaya Street. Formed in 1936, it was named in honour of Soviet statesman and military commander M. V

Hessen A.E. (1917- 2001 ), architect-restorer

Hessen Alexander Ernestovich (1917, Petrograd - 2001, St. Petersburg), architect, restorer, one of the founders of the school of scientific architectural restoration in Leningrad. He graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts (1939)

Kaplan Anatoly Lvovich (1903-1980), artist

KAPLAN Anatoly Lvovich (1903-1980, Leningrad), graphic artist. From 1922 he lived in St. Petersburg (Leningrad), and studied in the Academy of Arts (1922-27) under Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin and Arkady Rylov and in the experimental lithographic workshop of


OBUKHOVO, a landmark in southwest of Saint Petersburg, between Sofiyskaya Street, Alexandrovskoy Fermy Avenue, the Moskovskaya railway line and the Yuzhnoe railway semi-circle

Old Believers

OLD BELIEVERS, a sect within the Orthodox Church consisting of those people who rejected the reforms of Patriarch Nikon in the middle of the 17th century and preserved the "old" ceremonies and traditions. Old Believers began settling in St

Pumpyansky L.V. (1891-1940), literary critic

PUMPYANSKY Lev Vasilievich [before conversion to Orthodoxy (1911) - Pumpyan Leib Meerovich] (1891-1940, Leningrad), literary critic. In 1912-16, studied at the Faculty of History and Philology of St. Petersburg (Petrograd) University

Rukhin Evgeny Lvovich (1943-1976), artist

RUKHIN Evgeny Lvovich (1943-1976, Leningrad), artist. He studied at the geological department of the Leningrad State University (1961-66). In 1964-65 visited lectures at the Leningrad Mukhina Highest Artistic and Industrial School

Zhelyabov A. I. (1851-1881), revolutionary

ZHELYABOV Andrey Ivanovich (1851-1881, St. Petersburg), a revolutionary Narodnik (Populist). He was born in a family of serfs. When studying at Novorossiysky University, Odessa, in 1869-71, he was expelled after participating in student unrest