Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу Возврат на главную страницу
The subject index / Kronverk (Crownwork)

Kronverk (Crownwork)

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Fortresses and Forts

KRONVERK (crownwork), the outer ground fortification of the St. Peter and Paul Fortress. It was built in the southern part of present-day Petrogradsky Island in 1705-08, reconstructed in 1752 (engineer A.P. Hannibal) and 1800 (engineer P.P. Berg). Crownwork consisted of a bastion and two semi-bastions, joined with curtain walls, and surrounded by a water moat and an outer rampart. Crownwork was linked with the fortress by a bridge, and armed with 20-45 guns. On 13 July 1826, five participants of the Decembrists' conspiracy were hanged on the eastern rampart of Kronverk (in 1975, an obelisk was installed on the supposed site of execution). In 1838, Crownwork was excluded from the fortress. In 1849-60 it was rebuilt, Alexandrovsky Garden was set where the rampart used to be, and the stone building of the Arsenal was erected inside Crownwork (architect P.I. Tamansky). In 1868, the Artillery Museum (today, Military Historical Museum of artillery, engineer troops and signals troops) was placed there. Kronverk gave name to Kronverksky Canal, Kronverksky Bridge, Kronverksky Avenue and Kronverkskaya Embankment.

G. V. Kalashnikov.

Berg P.P.
Gannibal Abram (Ibrahim) Petrovich
Tamansky Peter Ivanovich

The subject Index
St. Peter and Paul fortress
St. Peter and Paul fortress
Military Historical Museum of the Artillery, Engineering and Signal Corps


Alexandrovsky Park

ALEXANDROVSKY PARK (Pushkin town), a landscape monument, situated to the west of Catherine Park, forming a part of the Tsarskoe Selo palace park ensemble and comprising of 120 hectares

Arsenals (general article)

ARSENALS, establishments for storing and repairing weapons and ammunition, as well as buildings meant for such use. The first arsenals in St. Petersburg (Zeughaus) were built in 1703-05 in St Peter and Paul Fortress and the Admiralty Fortress

Bestuzhev-Ryumin M. P. (1801-1826), decembrist

BESTUZHEV-RYUMIN Mikhail Pavlovich (1801-26), Decembrist, Podporuchik (Sub-Lieutenant) of Poltavsky Infantry Regiment in 1824. Educated at home, he made his service in the Kavalergardsky Regiment in 1818-20 and the Semenovsky Life Guard Regiment in

Botik of Peter the Great

BOTIK OF PETER THE GREAT, botik (little boat) named “The St. Nicholas,” constructed in England in the 1640s, had belonged to the grandfather of Tsar Peter the Great, boyar N.I. Romanov

Bruce R.V. (1668-1720), commandant o Peter and Paul Fortress

BRUCE Roman Villimovich (1668-1720, St. Petersburg), statesman and military officer, Lieutenant General (1718?). Son of a Scottish emigrant, brother of Y. V. Bruce


DECEMBRISTS, members of secret societies, mainly, Guard officers and Masonic lodge members, who excited a rebellion against autocracy and serfdom in December 1825 (hence the name). Many of the future Decembrists were born in St

Kakhovsky P.G. (1797-1826), Decembrist

KAKHOVSKY Peter Grigorievich (1799 - 1826), Decembrist, retired poruchik (lieutenant). Educated at Moscow University Boarding School. From March 1816 served as a cadet in the Chasseur Life Guard Regiment of St

Kamennoostrovsky Avenue

KAMENNOOSTROVSKY AVENUE, located between Troitskaya Square and the Bolshaya Nevka River Embankment. The main thoroughfare joining the city centre and the Petrogradskaya Side with Aptekarsky Island and Kamenny Island

Kronverkskaya Embankment

KRONVERKSKAYA EMBANKMENT is located between Troitskaya Square and Kronverksky Avenue along the right bank of Kronverksky Strait. It was laid in 1980 and received its name after Kronverk at the same time

Kronverksky Strait

Kronverksky Strait (Crownwork Strait) is a bow-shaped channel of the Neva River dividing Petrogradsky and Zayachiy Islands. It is over 1 km long, about 50 meters wide and up to 4 meters deep

Military Historical Museum of the Artillery, Engineering and Signal Corps

MILITARY HISTORICAL MUSEUM OF THE ARTILLERY, ENGINEERING AND SIGNAL CORPS of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, located at 7 Alexandrovsky Park

Muravyev-Apostol S.I. (1795-1826), decembrist

MURAVYEV-APOSTOL Sergey Ivanovich (1795, St. Petersburg - 1826), Decembrist, Lieutenant Colonel (1820). He was born in the house of Archpriest A.A. Samborsky (not preserved)

Pestel P.I., (1793-1926), Decembrist

PESTEL Pavel Ivanovich (1793-1826, St. Petersburg), Decembrist, colonel. In 1810-11 studied at Page Corps. Took part in the Patriotic War of 1812 and foreign campaigns of 1813-14

Petrogradskaya Side

PETROGRADSKAYA SIDE (in the 18th century - Gorodskaya Side, until 1914 - Peterburgskaya Side), the joint name of the territory that includes the following islands: Petrogradsky, Aptekarsky, Petrovsky and Zayachy

Petrogradsky District

PETROGRADSKY DISTRICT, an administrative and territorial unit of St. Petersburg, with its administration located at 19 Bolshaya Monetnaya Street. The district was formed in 1917, and in 1936 the Primorsky District was separated from its territory

St. Peter and Paul fortress

ST. PETER AND PAUL FORTRESS, the historical centre of St. Petersburg, a monument of military engineering, the oldest engineering and architectural sight of the city