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Revised Censuses

REVISED CENSUSES, a census of the taxpayers of Russia (including St. Petersburg) in the 18th to the 1st half of the 19th centuries. The revisions counted the number of peasants, townspeople, but did not include women or non tax-payers

Revolution Museum

REVOLUTION MUSEUM is the first Russian museum of the history of the international revolutionary movement. The museum was inaugurated on 9 October, 1919, and opened for visitors on 11 January, 1920

Revolution of 1905-07

REVOLUTION OF 1905-07. The first people's bourgeois-democratic revolution in Russia. Caused by socioeconomic contradictions and the country's political development following the reforms of 1860s-70s

Revolyutsii Freeway

REVOLYUTSII FREEWAY (until 1923 Porokhovskoe Freeway), between Piskarevsky Avenue and Kommuny Street. It was named after the October Revolution. The road was constructed in the first quarter of the 18th century as the road to the powder-mill (hence

Rezanov, А.I. (1817-1887), architect

REZANOV, Alexander Ivanovich (1817 – 1887), architect, artist. Graduated from the Academy of Arts (1839), associate academy member (1850), professor (1852), Rector of the Academy of Arts. First chairman of the St

Rezvy Maly Island

REZVY MALY ISLAND in the Ekaterinhofka River, downstream the mouth of the Tarakanovka River. It is linked to Gutuevsky Island via a wooden bridge. The island is about two hectares in area, 300 metres long, and 100 metres wide

Rhodes Villa Restaurant

RHODES VILLA. A country restaurant opened in 1908 by entrepreneur A.S. Rhodes at the corner of Novoderevenskaya Embankment and Stroganovskaya Street (today Primorsky Avenue and Akad

Richmann G.W., (1711-1753), physicist

RICHMANN George Wilhelm (1711-1753, St. Petersburg), physicist. Studied at the Academic University. Scientific assistant from 1740, promoted to a professor in 1741

Right Bank of the Neva River

RIGHT BANK OF THE NEVA RIVER, a general name of a vast territory on the right bank of the Neva River southwards from the Soyedinitelnaya railway line and the Okhta - Zanevsky Post stretch

Rimskogo-Korsakova Avenue

RIMSKOGO-KORSAKOVA AVENUE, between Sadovaya Street and Repina Square. Known since 1739 as a part of the road to Ekateringof, in 1770-1923 - Ekateringofsky Avenue. It was renamed after composer N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov

Rimsky-Korsakov Conservatory

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV CONSERVATORY (3 Teatralnaya Square), the oldest Russian higher school of music. The Conservatory was founded in 1861-62 by the Russian Musical Society on the initiative of A.G

Rimsky-Korsakov Memorial Museum Apartment

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV MEMORIAL MUSEUM APARTMENT (28 Zagorodny Avenue, flat 39) is a branch of St. Petersburg State Museum of Theatre and Music Art. It was opened in 1971 with the support of Rimsky-Korsakov family

Rimsky-Korsakov N.A., (1844-1908), composer

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV Nikolay Andreevich (1844-1908, Lyubensk summer residence near Luga in the St. Petersburg Region), composer, pedagogue, director, musical public figure

Rinaldi A. (?-after 1758), dancer

RINALDI Antonio (aka Fusano, Italian "fidget") (? - after 1758), Italian performer, choreographer, pedagogue. In 1735-38, he performed in St. Petersburg with an Italian troupe under the guidance of F. Araya

Rinaldi А. (1709-1794), architect

RINALDI Antonio (around 1709-1794), architect of Italian descent. Studied in Naples under L. Vanvitelli. From 1752 served under Hetman K.G. Razumovsky in Malorussia (Little Russia, otherwise known as Ukraine). Since 1754 resided in St

River Passages

RIVER PASSAGES. Ever since the early years of St. Petersburg's existence, river passages were set across the Neva river and its canals to provide communication between the islands, by water means of transport in summer and on the ice in winter

River Port

RIVER PORT (195 Obukhovskoy Oborony Avenue) was put in operation in 1970 (designed by architects I.N. Kuskov and V.V. Popov). The port was built on the site of the former Ozernaya Quay. The port was intended for passenger transportation

Rizhsky Avenue

RIZHSKY AVENUE, between Lermontovsky Avenue and the Ekateringofka River. Since 1776, it was known as Izmailovskaya Street (after Izmailovsky Life Guard Regiment quartered nearby), Izmailovsky Avenue and Novoizmailovsky Avenue, St

Road of Life

ROAD OF LIFE, the only transport communication line linking Leningrad to the rest of the country during the Siege of 1941-44. Organized in September 1941, the road passed from Leningrad, through Vsevolozhsk

Road of Victory

ROAD OF VICTORY, a temporary 33-km long railroad from Polyany to Schlisselburg. The railroad was built from 20 January to 6 February 1943, after breaking the Siege along the southern side of Lake Ladoga

Robespierre Embankment

ROBESPIERRE EMBANKMENT (in 1887-1916 Voskresenskaya Embankment, after the Holy Resurrection Church; until 1923 Belgiiskaya Embankment), on the left bank of the Neva River, between Smolnaya Embankment and Liteiny Avenue

Rochefort K.N. de (1875-1961), architect

Rochefort Konstanin Nikolaevich de (1875, St. Petersburg - 1961). Count, engineer and architect. Son of N.I. de Rochefort. Graduated from the Civil Engineers Institute (1900); served as an architect for the city administration

Rochefort N.I. de (1846-1905), architect

ROCHEFORT NIKOLAY IVANOVICH DE (1846-1905, St. Petersburg), count, an engineer and an architect. A descendant of French immigrants. Graduated from Nikolaevskoye Engineering School of St

Rock music

ROCK MUSIC (rock-'n'-roll), a form of mass music culture. Since its introduction in Leningrad in the late 1960s, it was popular predominantly with students, bringing on the adoption of Anglo-American youth music behaviour

Rodichev F. I. (1854-1933), the public and political figure

RODICHEV Fedor Izmailovich (1854, St. Petersburg - 1933), public and political figure. On graduating from the First St. Petersburg Vocational Gymnasium (1870) he studied at the Department of Natural History in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics

Rodzyanko M.V. (1859-1924), political and public figure

RODZYANKO Mikhail Vladimirovich (1859-1924), public and political figure, author of memoirs. After graduating from the Page Corps in 1877, he served with the Mounted Regiment (transferred to the reserve in 1882, retired in 1885)

Roerich Art School

ROERICH ART SCHOOL (88/2 Grazhdansky Avenue) is a special secondary school: it is the oldest art school in Russia. It shares its history with the Auditors Drawing School that was opened by the Ministry of Finances in the Custom House (2 Birzhevaya

Roerich N.K., (1874-1947), artist, archaeologist, writer

ROERICH Nikolay Konstantinovich (1874, St. Petersburg - 1947), painter, theatre artist, philosopher and public figure. Studied at the Faculty of Law of St. Petersburg University and at the Academy of Arts (1893-97) under A.I

Roman Catholic Church of the French Embassy

ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH OF THE FRENCH EMBASSY, the St. Maria of Lourde Roman Catholic Church of the French Embassy located at 7 Kovensky Lane. An architectural monument designed for the French Catholic Community by architects L. N. Benois and M. M

Romanov B.A., (1889-1957), historian

ROMANOV Boris Alexandrovich (1889, St. Petersburg - 1957, Leningrad), historian, PhD degree in history (1941). After graduating from the faculty of history and philology of the University of St

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