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Entries / Alexandrovsky Park (Pushkin)

Alexandrovsky Park (Pushkin)

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Architectural Ensembles
Categories / City Topography/Green Areas/Parks
Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Monuments of history and culture

ALEXANDROVSKY PARK (Pushkin), a landscape architecture monument, situated west of Ekaterininsky Park. The park is a part of Tsarskoe Selo palace and park ensemble. Alexandrovsky Park covers an area of 120 hectares. Its old regular part (the New Garden) was laid out in the 1750s (allegedly, by architects S.I. Chevakinsky, N. Girard); it is divided by Krestovy Canal into four squares with amusement tricks: scarpir (a round area with slopes), Chinese theatre (1778-79, architects A. Rinaldi, I.V. Neelov); Parnas hill and water maze. Over the canal, Krestovy, Kitaysky, Drakonov and other bridges were erected (built in the 1770s, architect Neelov). The complex of Chinese Village is situated south of the New Garden. The landscape park was established in the 1790s at the same time with the construction of Alexandrovsky Palace on the ground of the Menagerie of the period of Elizaveta Petrovna's reign (the fragments of bastions and canals setting its bounds remained to date). In the landscaped part of Alexandrovsky Park the artificial ponds were made: Detsky Pond (on the island there is a pavilion built for Emperor Nicholas I's children), Nizhny Pond, Vittolovsky Pond, and Lamsky. In the 1820s–30s according to the projects of architect A.A. Menelas, ornamental pavilions were built in various parts of the park. These included the White Tower (1821 - 27; destroyed during the Great Patriotic War, restored in the 1990s); the Arsenal (1819-34; built on the site of Mon bijou pavilion designed by architect S.I. Chevakinsky in 1747-54); Chapelle (Chapel; 1825–28) – neo-Gothic. Opposite the Chapelle, there are classical palace green-houses (1819-28). In the western part of Alexandrovsky Park flows the Kuzminka river, which has been dammed. Beside the river stands Lamsky Pavilion (1882), built for keeping lamas given to Emperor Alexander I (Nicholas II established a dark room here); and Pensionerskie Stables (1827-29), where emperors' horses were kept. North of Alexandrovsky Park, there are Feodorovsky Village, Ratnaya Chamber and other buildings in the neo-Russian style of the beginning of the 20th century.

Reference: see Tsarskoe Selo.

A. A. Alexeev.

Alexander I, Emperor
Chevakinsky Savva Ivanovich
Elizaveta Petrovna, Empress
Girard N.
Menelas Adam Adamovich
Neelov Ilya Vasilievich
Nicholas I, Emperor
Nicholas II, Emperor
Rinaldi Antonio
the Neelovs

см. при ст. Царское Село

The subject Index
Alexander Palace (Pushkin)
Feodorovsky Settlement (Pushkin Town)