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The subject index / Alexander Palace (Pushkin)

Alexander Palace (Pushkin)

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Palaces
Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Monuments of history and culture

ALEXANDER PALACE (Pushkin), an architectural monument in Neoclassical style; constructed in 1792-96 (architect G. Quarenghi); located on the territory of the Alexander Park. It forms a part of Tsarskoe Selo palace and park ensemble; was meant for the grandson of Empress Catherine II, Grand Prince Alexander Pavlovich (the future Emperor Alexander I), whom it was named after. Later on, it served as a private imperial residence (under Emperor Nicholas II - his permanent residence). The building of the Alexander Palace is placed along the axis of the transverse alley of the park, enclosing its perspective with the southern facade adorned with semirotunda dome. The main northern facade is marked with a double Corinthian colonnade set between symmetrical corbels. On the porch in front of the colonnade there are cast-iron statues, cast in 1838 in Alexandrovsky Factory to the designs of sculptor N.S. Pimenov (The youth, playing knucklebones) and A.V. Loganovsky (The youth, playing fid). After the February Revolution of 1917 Nicholas II and members of his family were kept in the Alexander Palace until they were exiled to Tobolsk. From 1918, the Alexander Palace functioned as a palace-museum. In 1949, in it the exposition of the All-Union Museum of Alexander Pushkin was opened, shortly afterwards it was closed down, as the building was given to a military department. As a result the Alexander Palace suffered greatly because of incorrect maintenance. Since the 1990s, reconstruction has been conducted, a number of halls host museum displays. The interiors decorated to the plans of architects V.P. Stasov (1817-27) and R.F. Meltzer (1896-98).

References: Александровский дворец и парк в г. Пушкине. Л., 1937; see also the article Tsarskoe Selo.

A. A. Alexeev.

Alexander I, Emperor
Catherine II, Empress
Loganovsky Alexander Vasilievich
Meltzer Roman (Robert-Friedrich) Fedorovich
Nicholas II, Emperor
Pimenov Nikolay Stepanovich
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Quarenghi Giacomo
Stasov Vasily Petrovich

см. при ст. Царское Село
Александровский дворец и парк в г. Пушкине. Л., 1937



The Alexander Palace was constructed by Giacomo Quarenghi for Grand Duke Alexander ( the future Emperor Alexander I), the beloved grandson of Empress Catherine II
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


6 July. Ceremony of the baptism of Grand Duke Nicholas Pavlovich, the future Emperor Nicholas I, took place in the Palace Church of the Resurrection of Christ. 12 June
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


Grand Duke Nikolai Aleksandrovich, heir of the throne, was born in the family of Heir Alexander Nikolayevich in Tsarskoye Selo; Grand Duke Nikolai Aleksandrovich died in 1865
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


23 October. In Tsarskoye Selo Nikolai Otsup, the future poet and literary critic, whose muse was closely connected with Tsarskoye Selo, was born in the family of the photographer A. Otsup. 22 November
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


15 January. The new city slaughterhouse with the recycling plant, designed by the architect A.R. Bach, began to work. 23 March. Erik Fiodorovich Gollerbach, the future art historian and literary critic
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


19 January. In the Alexander Palace Nicholas II received the workers deputation after the incident "Bloody Sunday" on 9 January in Petersburg. 50 000 roubles were assigned for the families of suffered men, this was told during the meeting.
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


10 March. The meeting of Nicholas II with Prime Minister P.A. Stolypin after his speech in the Second State Duma meeting on 3 March, where Prime Minister's famous words sounded: "They want great shocks, we want great Russia"
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


Society for the protection of maternity and babies began to work under the management of Professor N.V. Yastrebov in the building of the Maternity Orphanage of Drozhzhina (the present address is 14 Pavlovsky Road)
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


17 January. In the Alexander Palace, Crown Prince of Serbia Alexander was received. 3 February. In the Alexander Palace, Nicholas II received Maurice Paleologue, the new French ambassador, and all members of the French Embassy. 24 June
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


13 February. At the house of the literary critic and A.Akhmatova's true friend N.V. Nedobrovo Anna Andreyevna Akhmatova presented her "treasured black ring" to the artist Boris Anrep who was the addresse of many poems written by A. Akhmatova
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


30 January - 8 March. Andrei Bely, a poet and prosaist, stayed at R.V. Ivanov-Razumnik, a literary critic and publicist, in Tsarskoye Selo. 4 February. Niktopolion Svyatsky, a poet and warrior, died in Tsarskoye Selo
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


This year the palace-museums of Pushkin Town were visited by 1,790,000 people; the budget of the museum was Rb 2 million. Evening excursions with the electric light were organised in the Alexander Palace on the initiative of its director A
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


10 June. President of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR S.I. Vavilov cut the ribbon during the opening ceremony of the first exposition of the Museum of A.S. Pushkin which was placed in the Alexander Palace (the museum worked until 1951)
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


June. Georgy Yevgenyevich Belyayev, who worked actively on the restoration of the after-war town, the director of the State Museum-Reserve from 1965 untill 1986, awarded the Order of the October Revolution for his work in the museum
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


The low-rise dwelling buildings, 37 flats with living space of 4,100 square metres, and catering buildings were built in the quarter near the Alexander Palace. The construction works were done by the Joint-Stock Company "Rakurs" where T.M
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

Alexander I, Emperor (1777-1825)

ALEXANDER I (1777, St. Petersburg - 1825), Emperor (since 1801). Son of Emperor Paul I and Empress Maria Fedorovna. Brought up by his grandmother, Empress Catherine II

Alexandrovskaya (Pushkinsky District)

ALEXANDROVSKAYA, municipal unit within the structure of Pushkinsky District of St. Petersburg, located on the banks of the Kuzminka River. The settlement also comprises a railway station of the same name

Alexandrovsky Park (Pushkin)

ALEXANDROVSKY PARK (Pushkin), a landscape architecture monument, situated west of Ekaterininsky Park. The park is a part of Tsarskoe Selo palace and park ensemble. Alexandrovsky Park covers an area of 120 hectares

All-Russian Pushkin Museum

ALL-RUSSIAN PUSHKIN MUSEUM of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation (12 Moika RiverEmbankment) was established in 1953 on the basis of the All-Russian Pushkin Exhibition of 1937 opened in Moscow in the halls of the History Museum in

Barracks of the Own His Emperor Majesty Escort

During its random staying in Tsarskoye Selo over the 19th century the Emperor Escort occupied hussar and cuirassier barracks. The first permanent wooden barracks of the Own His Emperor Majesty Escort were built in 1895 in the Alexander Park in
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

Danini S.A. (1867-1942), architect.

DANINI Silvio Amvrosievich (1867-1942, Leningrad), architect. Descendent of an Italian family. He lived in St. Petersburg from 1886, graduating from the Academy of Fine Arts in 1892

His Imperial Majesty Personal Escort

This separate guards unit was formed of Caucasian hill men by Emperor Nikolay the First in 1839 and was named the Life-Guards Caucasian Troops. It had all rights and privileges of the Old Guard

His Imperial Majesty Personal Life-Guards Mixed Infantry Regiment

His Imperial Majesty Personal Life-Guards Mixed Infantry Regiment was established on August 17, 1907 to serve as personal guards of the Emperor. It consisted of the headquarters and two battalions

Kuchumov A.M. (1912-1993), museum worker

KUCHUMOV Anatoly Mikhailovich (1912-1993, town of Pushkin), museum worker, art historian, honoured culture worker of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1975), honorary citizen of the town of Pavlovsk (1992)

Martynov Andrey Efimovich (1768-1826), artist

MARTYNOV Andrey Efimovich (1768-1826), graphic artist, painter. He studied in the Academy of Arts (1773-88) under Semen Shchedrin, then became a pensioner in Rome (1789-94), an academic (1795), and a counsellor in the Academy of Arts (1802)

Nicholas I, Emperor (1796-1855)

NICHOLAS I (1796, Tsarskoe Selo - 1855, St. Petersburg), Emperor (from 1825). Emperor Pavel I and Empress Maria Fedorovna's third son. Married the Princess of Prussia (1817), who took the name of Alexandra Fedorovna

Nicholas II, the Emperor (1868-1918)

Nicholas II (1868, Tsarskoe Selo - 1918), Emperor from 1894 to 1917. Son of Emperor Alexander III and Empress Maria Fedorovna. Married Princess of Hesse-Darmstadt, who took the name of Alexandra Fedorovna

Pushkin, town

PUSHKIN, a town and municipal unit situated south of Saint Petersburg. Known until 1918 as Tsarskoe Selo, and in 1918-37 as Detskoe Selo. As of 2002, population totalled approximately 95,000 inhabitants

Quarenghi G. (1744-1817), architect

QUARENGHI Giacomo (1744-1817), architect, representative of Neoclassicism. Native of Italy. From 1761 (according to the other data sources, from 1763) studied painting and architecture in Rome. At the end of 1779, he came to St

Rasputin G. E. (1869-1916)

RASPUTIN Grigory Efimovich (1869-1916, Petrograd), religious preacher from a Siberian peasant family, spiritual tutor and close friend of the family of Emperor Nicholas II. In his religious views he was close to the so-called Khlysts

Sokolov E.T. (1750-1824), architect.

SOKOLOV Egor Timofeevich (1750, Peterhof 1824, St. Petersburg), architect, constructor, representative of Neoclassicism. Took courses taught by the Chancellery for Urban Planning, worked on the construction site of the palace in Peterhof

The estate of M.V. Kochubey (the Reserved Palace, Vladimir Palace)

Alexander I was the author of the original architectural idea and customer of Kochubey’s country-house. The work with the project was begun in 1816 from a draft developed by the emperor himself with the help of the architect P.V
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

The Palace Power Electric Station.

The Palace Power Electric Station complex including the main building, service wing, fence and the historic support of electricity supply network was constructed in 1896-1898 to the design of the architect S.A
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

The Sovereign Military Chamber

The Sovereign Military Chamber was built not far from the Anichkov Palace by architect S.Y. Sidorchuk in 1913 – 1916 by order of Nikolay II. The building was constructed after the fashion of ancient chambers of Pskov-and-Novgorod stone architecture

The Tsar Railway Station

The Emperor Own Railway branch line and a wooden railway station pavilion, intended for supplying an imperial residence in the Alexander Palace, was constructed in 1895 for safeguarding Emperor Nicholas II
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

Tsarskoe Selo, Park Museum

TSARSKOE SELO, park museum in the Pushkin town. Established in 1992. Includes palace and park built in the 18th-19th centuries, which were transformed into a museum in March 1918